The name o the province derives frae the splorer Francisco de Orellana who it is tauld tae hae sailed frae somewhaur near the toun tae the Atlantic Ocean. He did this trip several times leukin for the gowd ceety o El Dorado an in search o a rumored Nutmeg forest which at the time wis a vera expensive spice. Durin his voyages he met a ferocious tribe o Indies who attackit his ships an mony amang thaim wur weemen. This led tae the namin o the river as the Amazon river. The province is dividit in fower cantons.
The jungle habitat that composes maist o the territory, maks the province rely on exports o crude ile, an timber. its seicont maist important source o income is tourism, afferin jungle sploration, indigenous encoonters, an rivers. Minin is placit as the third reliable source o income.