Navassa Island

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Navassa Island
Island
Parts Lulu Toun
Location Caribbean Sea
Area 5.2 km2 (2 sq mi)
Population Uninhabitit
Animal Wildlife preserve
Material Coral, limestone
Easiest access Affshore anchorage anly; steep cliffs mak boat landin impossible
Discovered by Christopher Columbus
 - date 1504
FIPS bq
Cairt o Navassa Island
Claimed bi Template:HAI

Navassa Island (French: La Navasse, Haitian Kreyòl: Lanavaz or Lavash) is a smaa, uninhabitit island in the Caribbean Sea, claimed as an unorganized unincorporatit territory o the Unitit States, which admeenisters it through the U.S. Fish an Wildlife Service. Haiti, which haes claimed sovereignty ower Navassa syne 1801, an aa claims the island in its constitution.[1][2][3]

Geografie, topography an ecology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Navassa Island is aboot 2 square miles (5.2 km2) in aurie. It is locatit 90 nautical miles (100 mi; 170 km) sooth o the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, 40 nautical miles (46 mi; 74 km) wast o Jérémie on the sooth wast peninsula o Haiti,[4] an aboot ane-quarter o the wye frae Haiti tae Jamaica in the Jamaica Channel. It reaches an elevation o 250 feet (76 m) at Dunning Hill 110 yards (100 m) sooth o the lichthoose, Navassa Island Licht. This location is 440 yards (400 m) frae the soothwastren coast or 655 yards (600 m) east o Lulu Bay. The island's latitude an longitude are 18°24′10″N 75°0′45″W / 18.40278°N 75.01250°W / 18.40278; -75.01250.

Navassa Island is sooth o Cuba, east o Jamaica, an wast o Haiti. This cairt oreeginates wi the US govrenment an shaws the US claim on the island

The terrain o Navassa Island consists maistly o exposed coral an limestone, the island bein ringed bi vertical white cliffs 30 to 50 feet (9.1 to 15.2 m) heich, but wi enough grassland tae support goat herds. The island is covered in a forest o just fower tree species: short-leaf fig (Ficus populnea var. brevifolia), pigeon plum (Coccoloba diversifolia), mastic (Sideroxylon foetidissimum), an poisonwood (Metopium brownei).[5][6]

Its topography an ecology are similar tae that o Mona Island, a smaa limestone island locatit in the Mona Passage, atween Puerto Rico an the Dominican Republic. It shares historical similarities wi Mona Island syne baith are U.S. territories, wur once centers o guano minin, an presently are naitur reserves. Transient Haitian fishermen an ithers camp on the island but the island is itherwise uninhabitit.[5] It haes na ports or harbors, anly affshore anchorages, an its anly naitural resoorce is guano; economic activity consists o subsistence fishin an commercial trawlin activities.[7]

Thare wur aicht species o native reptiles, aw o which are believed tae be, or tae hae been, endemic tae Navassa Island: Celestus badius (an anguid lizard), Aristelliger cochranae (a gecko), Sphaerodactylus becki (a gecko), Anolis longiceps (an anole), Cyclura (cornuta) onchiopsis (a rock iguana), Leiocephalus eremitus (a curly-tailed lizard), Tropidophis bucculentus (a dwarf boa), an Typhlops sulcatus (a tiny snake).[8] O these, the first fower remain common, but the last fower are likely extinct.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Government of Haiti: Geography of Haiti (with French to English translation)[deid airtin]
  2. Serge Bellegarde (October 1998). "Navassa Island: Haiti and the U.S. – A Matter of History and Geography". windowsonhaiti.com. Retrieved 2008-02-06. 
  3. "Haiti: Constitution, 1987 (English translation)". 
  4. Rohter, Larry (October 19, 1998). "Whose Rock Is It? Yes, the Haitians Care". Port-au-Prince Journal. The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2012. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 CoRIS - NOAA's coral reef information system. "Navassa Island". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. 
  6. US Fish & Wildlife Service. "Navassa National Wildlife Refuge". US Fish & Wildlife Service. Retrieved November 17, 2012.. 
  7. Central Intellenge Agency. "The World Factbook - Navassa Island". Central Intellenge Agency. Retrieved November 16, 2012.. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 Powell, Robert (2003). Reptiles of Navassa Island. Avila University.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]