Narita

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Narita
成田市
Ceety
Top: Naritasan Shinsho Temple, Middle left: Narita Sky Access Line, Middle richt: Tosho Temple in Sogo aurie, Bottom left: Narita Internaitional Airport, Bottom richt: Narita Newtoun in Karabe aurie

Flag
Location of Narita in Chiba Prefectur
Narita is located in Japan
Narita
Narita
 
Coordinates: 35°47′N 140°19′E / 35.783°N 140.317°E / 35.783; 140.317
Kintra Japan
Region Kantō
Prefectur Chiba Prefectur
Government
 • Mayor Kazunari Koizumi
Population (31 Mairch 2011)
 • Total 126,235
 • Density 590.33/km2 (1,528.9/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Staundart Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Ume
- Flouer Hydrangea
Phone number 0476-22-1111
Address 760 Hanasaki-cho, Narita-shi, Chiba-ken
286-8585
Website www.city.narita.chiba.jp

Narita (成田市 Narita-shi?) is a ceety locatit in Chiba Prefectur, Japan. It is the steid o Narita Internaitional Airport, the main internaitional airport serving the Greater Tokyo Aurie.

As o 31 Mairch 2011, the ceety haes a estimatit population o 126,235, wi 54,021 hoosehaulds an a population density o 590.33 bodies per km². Its total aurie is 213.84 km².

Auries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceety Office
The street o Narita-san temple
Narita Gion Festival, ane o famous for festival in Chiba Prefectur, wi held on Julie

Central Narita[eedit | eedit soorce]

Central Narita is roughly defined as the aurie atween Narita Station, Keisei Narita Station an the Narita-san Temple. The main road in central Narita is Omotesandō (表参道), which is lined wi aboot 150 smaw shops an haes been extensively renovatit in recent years.

Narita New Toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

Narita New Toun is a planned residential aurie tae the wast o Narita Station. It haes 16,000 hames wi a total population o 60,000. The aurie wis designed in 1968 based on the new touns surroondin Lunnon in the UK, an nou hooses maist o the ceety's population.

Kōzunomori[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kōzunomori (公津の杜?) is a suburban aurie o Narita locatit sooth o the New Toun, aboot 4 minutes by train frae Keisei Narita Station. It haes a population o aboot 12,000. The Kōzunomori Station is flankit bi a lairge Ito-Yokado depairtment store.

Airport an ferm auries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Narita Internaitional Airport is locatit on the east side o Narita in a historically agricultural aurie cried Sanrizuka (三里塚?). The construction an later expansion o the airport led tae intense ceevil unrest amang Sanrizuka residents (see Narita Internaitional Airport's history). Awtho laund expropriation an poorer fermin condeetions due tae the airport's construction hae caused Narita's fermin population tae drop twa-thirds frae pre-airport levels, the aurie immediately surroondin the airport remains lichtly populatit bi fermers. Some abandoned fermland is nou uised for gowf courses, while ither plots o laund hae become unoffeecial dumpin grunds for garbage.

Industrial auries[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are twa main industrial zones in Narita: Nogedaira (野毛平?) an Toyosumi (豊住?). Baith zones wur laid oot in the 1960s tae tak advantage o Narita Airport an the ability tae quickly import an export guids bi air. An aircraft part repair plant operatit bi JAL (Japan Airlines) an Pratt & Whitney, cried Japan Turbine Technologies, is locatit in the Taiei industrial estate.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main Haw o Narita-san temple

The aurie around present-day Narita haes been inhabitit syne the Japanese Paleolithic period. Airchaeologists hae foond stane tuils datin tae some 30,000 years ago on the steid o Narita Airport. Numerous shell middens frae the Jōmon period, an hunders o burial tumuli frae the Kofun period hae been foond in numerous locations aroond Narita. Place names in the vicinity o Narita appear in the Nara period Man'yōshū (awtho the name “Narita” does no appear in written records till 1408). As Narita is locatit roughly equidistant frae the Paceefic Ocean an Tokyo Bay, aroond a nummer o smaw rivers, it wis a natural poleetical an commercial centre for the region, an gained importance as a pilgrimage destination wi the foondation o the notit Buddhist temple o Shinsho-ji in 940 AD. Durin the Heian period, the aurie wis a centre for the revolt o Taira Masakado. Durin the Edo period, the aurie continued tae prosper as pairt o the tenryō athin Shimōsa Province unner direct control o the Tokugawa shogunate.

Efter the Meiji Restoration, the aurie wis organisit as a toun unner Inba Destrict on 1 Apryle 1889. Portions o the toun wur destroyed bi Alleed air raids in Februar an Mey 1945. On 31 Mairch 1954, Narita gained ceeety status throu merger wi the neebourin veelages o Habu, Nakago, Kuzumi, Toyosumi, Toyama, an Kozu. Growthe in the aurie began in earnest in 1966, when Prime Meenister Eisaku Sato laid oot the plan for Narita Internaitional Airport. The development o the airport an accompanyin access tae central Tokyo led tae widespread residential, commercial an industrial development in the ceety. Housomeivver, construction o the airport wis widely opposed, an violent demonstrations occurred throu the end o the 1960s an early 1970s, which delayed the openin o the airport till 20 Mey 1978.

On 27 Mairch 2006, the touns o Shimofusa an Taiei (baith frae Katori Destrict) wur mergit intae Narita.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Climate data for Narita, Chiba (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 38.7
(101.7)
38.7
(101.7)
Average heich °C (°F) 9.2
(48.6)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.2
(75.6)
28.1
(82.6)
30.0
(86.0)
26.2
(79.2)
21.1
(70.0)
16.4
(61.5)
11.8
(53.2)
19.1
(66.4)
Average laich °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
2.0
(35.6)
7.2
(45.0)
12.1
(53.8)
16.3
(61.3)
20.3
(68.5)
21.8
(71.2)
18.7
(65.7)
12.3
(54.1)
5.7
(42.3)
0.0
(32.0)
9.4
(48.9)
Record laich °C (°F) −10.7
(12.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 61.8
(2.433)
62.9
(2.476)
115.6
(4.551)
116.6
(4.591)
119.6
(4.709)
144.9
(5.705)
123.2
(4.85)
117.2
(4.614)
214.8
(8.457)
202.1
(7.957)
99.8
(3.929)
50.7
(1.996)
1,429.1
(56.264)
Source: Narita Aviation Weather Service Center[1]

Tourist attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tuna auction at Narita Wholesale Mercat

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho Narita's economy wis historically focused on agricultur, the openin o Narita Internaitional Airport refocused the local economy on transportation, logistics an tourism. Maist o the airport property is locatit athin Narita Ceety, but mony airport hotels an airport-relatit logistics facilities are in the neebourin touns o Shibayama an Tomisato.

Prologis, FedEx Express, Sagawa Express an several ither lairge logistics firms hae major shippin centres in the ceety.

Nippon Cargo Airlines an Vanilla Air are heidquartered on airport property athin the ceety.[2][3] Spring Airlines Japan is heidquartered in the Kozunomori aurie o the ceety.

JALways wis heidquartered in the JAL Operations Center at the airport afore mergin intae JAL in 2010.[4]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Schuils[eedit | eedit soorce]

Public elementar an junior heich schuils are operatit bi the ceety o Narita.

The follaein public heich schuils are operatit bi the Chiba Prefectural Buird o Eddication.

  • Narita North Heich Schuil
  • Narita Seiryo Heich Schuil
  • Shimofusa Heich Schuil
  • Narita Internaitional Heich Schuil

Public librars[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Ceety o Narita operates the Narita Public Library. In addition each commonty centre includes a librar branch.[5]

Commonty centres[eedit | eedit soorce]

Narita operates several commonty centres, includin the Central Commonty Centre an various ithers.[5]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Airport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Rail[eedit | eedit soorce]

Narita Express trains an Keisei Skyliner trains connect Narita Airport tae central Tokyo.

Keisei Kozunomori Station

Heich-gate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Higashi-Kanto Expresswey connects Narita tae Tokyo an Chiba Ceety. Chiba Kotsu an Narita Kuko Kotsu provide bus service throu the ceety. The Narita City Loop Bus, operatit bi baith companies, operates on twa circular routes aroond the ceety, stoppin in major commercial auries an at aw major hotels.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "成田空港 1981-2010年". 成田航空地方気象台. Retrieved 2012-02-06. 
  2. "Corporate Profile." (Archive) Vanilla Air. Retrieved on January 19, 2014. "Headquarters Narita International Airport 2PTB, Chiba, JAPAN" - Address in Japanese (Archive): "成田国際空港 第2旅客ターミナル内" (Narita International Airport, inside Passenger Terminal 2)
  3. "Corporate Profile." Nippon Cargo Airlines. Retrieved on February 17, 2012. "NARITA OFFICE NCA Line Maintenance Hangar Narita International Airport Narita-shi, Chiba 282-0011, Japan" and "TOKYO OFFICE : Onarimon Yusen Bldg. 11F 3-23-5 Nishi-Shimbashi Minato-ku, Tokyo 105-0003, Japan"
  4. "Company Profile" (Archive) JALways. Retrieved on December 12, 2009. "Registered Office 4-11, Higashi-Shinagawa 2-chome,Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo, Japan Head Office Japan Airlines Narita Operation Center 3F, Narita International Airport, Narita, Chiba,Japan 282-8610" Japanese address (Archive): Registered office: "本店所在地 東京都品川区東品川2丁目4番11号" Headquarters: 〒282-8610 千葉県成田市成田国際空港内 日本航空成田オペレーションセンター3階."
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Libraries and Community Centers". City Narita, Chiba, Japan. Retrieved 29 June 2011. 
  6. "Consolidation of Local Governments in Japan and Effects on Sister City Relationships", Consulate General of Japan, San Francisco

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]