Monfalcone

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Monfalcone
Comune
Comune di Monfalcone
Monfalcone is located in Italy
Monfalcone
Monfalcone
Location o Monfalcone in Italy
Coordinates: 45°48′N 13°32′E / 45.800°N 13.533°E / 45.800; 13.533
Kintra Italy
Region Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Province Gorizia (GO)
Frazioni Archi, Aris, Bagni, Cima di Pietrarossa, Crosera, La Rocca, Lisert, Marina Julia, Marina Nova, Panzano, Pietrarossa, San Polo, Schiavetti, Serraglio, Via Romana-Solvay
Government
 • Mayor Silvia Altran
Area
 • Total 20 km2 (8 sq mi)
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 28,101
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
Demonym Monfalconesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 34074
Diallin code 0481
Patron saunt St. Ambrose
Saunt day November 21
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Monfalcone (in the local Bisiac dialect: Mofalcòn, Slovenie: Tržič, German: Falkenberg) is a toun an comune o the province o Gorizia (Friuli-Venezia Giulia, northren Italy), locatit on the coast o the Gulf o Trieste. Monfalcone means "Munt o Falcon" in Italian.

It is a major industrial centre for manufacturin ships, airplanes, textiles, chemicals an refined ile. It is the hame o Fincantieri Cantieri Navali Italiani.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monfalcone is the fifth maist populous toun in Friuli-Venezia Giulia an the main centre o Bisiacaria territory. Joined tae its neebourheids, it reaches aboot 50,000 inhabitants. The toun lees atween the Carso hills an the Adriatic Sea, bein the northmaist port o the Mediterranean Sea.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In prehistoric times the aurie o Monfalcone hoosed several fortifeed veelages cried castellieri. Efter the foondation o the Roman ceety o Aquileia (181 BC), some thermal biggins wur creatit on the hills, kent as Insulae Clarae.

Efter the Ostrogoth, Byzantine, Lombard an Frank domination, Monfalcone wis controlled bi the Patriairch o Aquileia stairtin frae 967. The Venetians conquered it in 1420 efter three days o siege, keepin it till 1511, when it fell tae the French. Conquered back bi Venice, it wis ravagit bi the troops o emperor Maximilian I in 1513, who destroyed the Rocca. In 1521 it wis returned tae Venice, unner which it remained till 1797. It wis controlled bi Fraunce till the faw o Napoleon, efter which it became pairt o the Austrian Empire.

Durin Warld War I, the toun wis captured bi Italy in 1915. It wis briefly recaptured bi Austrick in 1917, efter the battle o Caporetto. Monfalcone returned tae Italy in 1918.

Main sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Rocca (Castle). O medieval oreegin (accordin tae a legend, it wis foondit bi Theoderic the Great, Keeng o the Ostrogoths), its current appearance dates tae the Venetian restorations in the early 16t century. The interior hooses a speleologie exhibition.
  • Pairk o Warld War I
  • Karst (Carso) aurie
  • Cathedral o Sant'Ambrogio

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monfalcone railwey station, opened in 1860, is a junction atween the Venice–Trieste railwey an the Udine–Trieste railwey.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monfalcone is twinned wi:

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]