Moa

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Moa
Giant Haasts eagle attacking New Zealand moa.jpg
Airtist's rendeetion o a Haast's Eagle attackin moa
Scienteefic classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Superorder: Palaeognathae
Bonaparte, 1853[1]
Order: Dinornithiformes
Bonaparte, 1853
Type species
Dinornis novaezealandiae
Owen, 1843
Subgroups

See text

Diversity
6 genera, 9 species
Synonyms
  • Dinornithes

The moa[2][3] wur nine species (in sax genera) o flichtless birds endemic tae New Zealand.[4] The twa lairgest species, Dinornis robustus an Dinornis novaezelandiae, reached aboot 3.6 m (12 ft) in hicht wi neck outstretched, an weighed aboot 230 kg (510 lb).[5]

Moa belang tae the ratite group in the order Dinornithiformes.[4] The nine[4] species o moa wur the anly wingless birds, lackin even the vestigial wings which aw ither ratites hae. Thay wur the dominant herbivores in New Zealand's forest, shrubland an subalpine ecosystems for thoosands o years, an till the arrival o the Māori wur hunted anly bi the Haast's Eagle. It is generally considered that maist, if nae aw, species o moa died oot bi A.D. 1400 due tae owerhuntin bi the Māori an habitat decline.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Brands, S. (2008)
  2. In Māori wirds dae nae uise s tae indicate plural, an thus "moa" is baith plural an singular. Some Inglis speakers apply this rule tae thair uise o the word within Inglis, altho ithers uise the regularly furmed Inglis plural "moas".
  3. In some ither Polynesian leids (Tahitian, Cook Islands Maori, Samoan...), "moa" is the generic name for chicken, fowl (Dictionary of the Tahitian Academy {fr/ty}; Jasper Buse, Raututi Taringa, "Cook islands Maori Dictionary" (1995); Samoan lexicon)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 OSNZ (2009)
  5. Davies, S. J. J. F. (2003)