Mersa Matruh

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Mersa Matruh (Arabic: مرسى مطروحMarsā Maṭroūḥ) is a Mediterranean seaport an the caipital o the Matruh Govrenorate in Egyp. It is 240 km (149 miles) wast o Alexandria an 222 km frae Sallum, on the main heich-gate frae the Nile Delta tae the Libian border. Anither heich-gate leads sooth frae the toun, toward the Wastern Desert an the oases o Siwa an Bahariya. Durin Auncient Egyptian times an durin the reign o Alexander The Great, the ceety wis kent as Amunia. In Ptolemaic an Byzantine times it was kent as Paraitonion (Παραιτόνιον), an in Roman times, as Paraetonium.

Marsa Matruh is a main Egyptian tourist ceety, an serves as a getaway resort for Europeans an Cairenes eager tae flee the caipital in the swelterin simmer months. It is served bi Marsa Matrouh Airport. The ceety is kent for its white soft sands and calm transparent waters; the bay is protectit frae the heich seas bi a series o rocks formin a natural breakwater, wi a sma openin tae allou licht vessels in.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It stairtit as a sma fishin toun durin Auncient Egyptian times an Alexander The Great an wis named Amunia, an there are ruins o a temple o Rameses II (1200 B.C.). Then, Marsa Matrouh became kent as Paraitonion in Ptolemaic era. Yet, when Roman occupation came tae Egyp the toun became an important harbor for trade an sendin guids an crops tae Rome. It was named Paraetonium at that time. Durin Warld War II, the Breetish Airmy's Baggush Box was located to the east. During this period, Marsa Matrouh wis the terminus for a single-track railway which passed through El Alamein.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Marsa Matrouh haes a typical dry Mediterranean climate, wi cuil winters an warm, dry simmers. As the ceety an the region as a whole experience pleasant weather durin simmer, the ceety becomes a destination for millions o Egyptians an foreign tourists. Rainfaw occurs mainly durin winter, but mey an aa appear durin the hairst or the ware. Sleet an hail can an aa occur.

Climate data for Marsa Matrouh
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 25.7
(78.3)
26.1
(79.0)
27.6
(81.7)
34.3
(93.7)
38.0
(100.4)
44.3
(111.7)
44.7
(112.5)
43.1
(109.6)
39.2
(102.6)
33.8
(92.8)
29.1
(84.4)
26.5
(79.7)
44.7
(112.5)
Average heich °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.0
(60.8)
18.6
(65.5)
22.8
(73.0)
27.5
(81.5)
33.7
(92.7)
34.8
(94.6)
34.6
(94.3)
27.9
(82.2)
22.0
(71.6)
18.3
(64.9)
16.4
(61.5)
24.01
(75.21)
Average laich °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.6
(51.1)
13.6
(56.5)
16.2
(61.2)
19.7
(67.5)
23.5
(74.3)
24.8
(76.6)
23.4
(74.1)
18.4
(65.1)
14.2
(57.6)
11.0
(51.8)
9.8
(49.6)
16.27
(61.28)
Record laich °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.5
(36.5)
4.7
(40.5)
6.8
(44.2)
8.5
(47.3)
10.1
(50.2)
10.6
(51.1)
9.9
(49.8)
8.2
(46.8)
6.7
(44.1)
4.0
(39.2)
3.0
(37.4)
2.3
(36.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19.9
(0.783)
14.8
(0.583)
12.0
(0.472)
7.9
(0.311)
1.5
(0.059)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.1
(0.083)
8.6
(0.339)
18.0
(0.709)
22.7
(0.894)
107.5
(4.232)
[citation needit]

Monuments an Tourist Steids[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ruins o the Temple o the Keeng, Pharaoh Rameses II (1200 B.C)
  • Droun ceety o Caesar.
  • Droun Palace o Cleopatra.
  • Egyptian Fleet Anchorage which wis built bi the Ptolemies, the remains o the naval installations still staund wast o the port.
  • Coptic Chapel: built in the early Coptic age, an contains several caves bearin inscriptions.
  • Rommel's Hideoot: A cave, hewn in the rock, whaur Rommel drew up plans o his military operations. It haes nou been turned intae a military museum.
  • The Breetish Cemetery: Thoosans upon thoosans o rock-hewn tombstanes staund straight rows amidst a fenced garden.
  • The German Cemetery: It is a fortress like memorial that wis built on a heich owerleukin the sea.
  • The Italian Cemetery: It is a heich touer fort staundin on a heich hill. The waws o the biggin are covered wi marble.

Main Beaches[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Ageebah Beach: Aboot 28 km. wast o Marsa Matrouh dountoun, it is distinguished bi its numerous natural caves an enchantin scenery.
  • Al-Obayed Beach: Aboot 20 km. wast o Marsa Matrouh dountoun, beauty surpasses that o Marsa Matrouh beach.
  • Romel Bay.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 31°20′N 27°13′E / 31.333°N 27.217°E / 31.333; 27.217