Mengistu Haile Mariam

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Mengistu Haile Mariam
Mengistu Haile Mariam 3.jpg
Chairman o the Derg an Heid o State o Ethiopie
In office
3 Februar 1977 – 10 September 1987
Precedit bi Tafari Benti
Succeeded by Poseetion abolished
Preses o Ethiopie
In office
10 September 1987 – 21 Mey 1991
Precedit bi Poseetion established
Succeeded by Tesfaye Gebre Kidan
Personal details
Born 27 Mey 1937 (1937-05-27) (age 77) [1]
Addis Ababa, Italian East Africae
Poleetical pairty Wirkers Pairty o Ethiopie
Spoose(s) Wubanchi Bishaw [2]
Releegion Atheist (Formerly Ethiopian Orthodox) [3]

Mengistu Haile Mariam (Amharic: መንግስቱ ኃይለ ማርያም?, pronoonced [mənɡɨstu haɪlə marjam]; born 27 Mey 1937) is an Ethiopie politeecian who wis the maist prominent officer o the Derg, the Communist militar junta that govrened Ethiopie frae 1974 tae 1987, an Preses o the Fowk's Democratic Republic o Ethiopie frae 1987 tae 1991. Effectively a dictator, he owersaw the Ethiopian Red Terror o 1977–1978,[4] a campaign o repression against the Ethiopian Fowk's Revolutionary Pairty an ither anti-Derg factions. Mengistu fled tae Zimbabwe in 1991 at the conclusion o the Ethiopian Ceevil War, an remains thare despite an Ethiopie coort verdict findin him guilty in absentia o genocide.[5] Some estimate that he wis responsible for mair than 2 million daiths.[6][7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Profile: Mengistu Haile Mariam". BBC News Online. 12 December 2006. Retrieved 2006-12-13. . Other accounts state 21 May 1941 [1], 27 May 1941
  2. "Mengistu Haile Mariam's Biography". Durame News Online. 1 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-06. .
  3. Kjell Goldmann, Ulf Hannerz, Charles Westin (2000). Nationalism and internationalism in the Post-Cold War era. Taylor & Francis. p. 44. ISBN 0-415-23891-9. "But sometimes in the course of Eritrea's war for independence, the Islamic card was used to win support from the Arabs in Eritrea's struggle first against the Christian theocracy of Haile Selassie and later against the Marxist-Leninist atheism of Mengistu Haile Mariam in Addis Ababa." 
  4. "Mengistu found guilty of genocide". BBC News. 12 December 2006. 
  5. "Profile: Mengistu Haile Mariam". BBC News Online. 12 December 2006. Retrieved 2007-01-11. 
  6. Fitzgerald, Tyrant for the taking in White, Matthew (2011). Atrocitology. Edinburgh: Canongate. p. 615. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  7. Rapoport, Knives Are Out in White, Matthew (2011). Atrocitology. Edinburgh: Canongate. p. 615. Retrieved 2013-03-21.