Mazkeret Batya

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Mazkeret Batya (Ebreu: מַזְכֶּרֶת בַּתְיָה‎‎) (lit. "Batya Memorial") is a toun in the center o Israel locatit sootheast o Rehovot an 25 kilometres (16 mi) frae Tel-Aviv. Mazkeret Batya spans an aurie o 7,440 dunams (7 km²). In December 2008, it haed a population o 9,900. The mayor o Mazkeret Batya is Meir Dahan.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mazkeret Batya wis established on November 7, 1883 bi 10 pioneers frae Roushie an 7 local Jews. It wis oreeginally cried Ekron, the first agricultural settlement o the Hovevei Zion muivement. The land wis purchased bi Baron Edmond James de Rothschild in an early attempt tae introduce Jewish fermin in Palestine. Rabbi Shmuel Mohilever wis instrumental in mobilizin fundin an organizin the settlers. Mohilever's remains wur later reinterred in the Mazkeret Batya cemetery. In 1887 the name wis chyngit tae Mazkeret Batya, in memory o Betty Solomon de Rothschild, mither o Baron Edmond James de Rothschild.

The economy o the veelage wis oreeginally based on dry fermin, which continued even efter the Mekorot Company constructit a pipeline tae bring water frae Rehovot.[2] In 1947, Mazkeret Batya wis hame tae 475 fowk.[2]

Durin the Mandate era, a Jewish police station wis established in Mazkeret Batya tae safeguard the local roads. In the War o Unthirldom, convoys tae besieged Jerusalem left frae Mazkeret Batya. A field hospital operatit there tae care for Haganah fechters woondit at Latrun.[3]

Accordin tae ane source, at the end o the Breetish Mandate for Palestine, the Breetish tried tae haund the nearbi Aqir airfield an camp tae the Palestinian Arabs, apparently athoot success.[2]

The day[eedit | eedit soorce]

Due tae its proximity tae Tel Aviv, Mazkeret Batya haes recently experienced a growth spurt. Mazkeret Batya is a mixed community o releegious an secular Jews. Historic landmarks include Beit Ha'Itut (Signal House), the Great Synagogue, Beit Meshek HaBaron, the waterwheel an well, the reservoir an an auld fermyard.[3]

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mazkeret Batya is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Mazkeret Batya website
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Jewish National Fund (1949). Jewish Villages in Israel. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 41. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Society for Preservation of Israel Heritage Sites
  4. "Stadt Celle". www.celle.de. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  5. Harry Sanders, "'Shalom,' from Israel," Calgary Sunday Sun 25 Jan. 1998: S7

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]