Maryina roshcha Destrict

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Coordinates: 55°48′01″N 37°36′42″E / 55.80028°N 37.61167°E / 55.80028; 37.61167

Maryina roshcha Destrict
Msk svao maryina roscha.png
Location o Maryina roshcha Destrict on the map o Moscow
Coat of Arms of Marina Roshcha (rayon in Moscow) (1997).png
Coat of arms
Admeenistrative status
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Moscow
Statistics
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[1]

Maryina roshcha (Roushie: Ма́рьина ро́ща‎, lit. "Mary's grove") is a destrict o North-Eastren Admeenistrative Okrug o the federal ceety o Moscow, Roushei. Population: 65,973 (2010 Census preliminary results);[2] 60,194 (2002 Census).[3]

The historical aurie o Maryina Roshcha, which emergit in the mid-19t century on the steid o Sheremetev faimily launds, retained its law-rise, kintra style till the 1960s.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The veelage o Maryino (Ма́рьино), kent as Boyarkino (Боя́ркино) an aw, appears in offeecial registers syne 1678, when it haed a population o 102 fowk in 22 hoosehaulds. Maryino an the adjacent Ostankino veelage an a pairk wur awned bi the Cherkassky faimily. In the middle o the 18t century, the last Princess Cherkassky marriet Coont P. B. Sheremetev, an the laund passed intae Sheremetev faimily possession. (The main north-sooth street o the aurie, Sheremetevskaya, is still namit efter these past landlords.) At aroond this time, a grove near the veelage o Maryino wis cried Maryina Roshcha, a name that "haes stuck tae this day, even tho the grove wis completely cut doun in the late 19t century."[4]

Efter the Great Fire o 1812, the groves atween Moscow an Maryino wur felled for timber, but quickly recovered and became a popular picnic destination. The name Maryina Roshcha became a toponym unthirlt o the old Maryino village. Vasily Zhukovsky wrote a romantic story o the same name; his version of the etymology o the name Maryina Roshcha is pur feection, as is the legend linkin Maryina Roshcha tae a female heich-gate robber cried Marya.

Atween 1851 an 1882, railroad construction isolatit Maryina Roshcha frae Moscow (sooth) an Ostankino (north). In the 1880s, a French real estate developer signed a lang-term lease wi the Sheremetev faimily, cleared the trees, an leveled the aurie for cheap law-rise construction, creating the rectangular grid o streets an alleys that still exists today. However, they did no bother tae set up watter supply or a sewage seestem. The proximity o railroads quickly attractit industrialists like Gustav List, who built factories on the edges o Maryina Roshcha. Wooden houses were occupied by workers of these factories, includin an ethnic minority o Mordvin laborers, who settled in the aurie in 1901. The existin Orthodox Kirk o Unexpectit Joy (photographs) wis built bi public subscription in 1899-1904 an operatit continuously throu the Soviet years.

Mariyna Roshcha, locatit ootside the Moscow ceety limits, wis inadequately polisit bi the kintra admeenistration. This attractit shady bodies, an the aurie wis considered a creeminal ghetto, especially efter Warld War I an Rosuhie Ceevil War, when law-abidin men whaur draftit an perished in the airmy, an the Bolshevik admeenistration expropriatit aw livestock frae the residents. The aurie remained unsafe till the 1960s. The post-Warld War II Maryina Roshcha unnerwarld wis featured in The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed mini-series.

Joseph Stalin's maister plan o 1935 proponit biggin a north-sooth heich-gate throu Maryina Roshcha, which wad lead tae demolition o the 19t-century hoosin. This plan did no materialize, an firthenb Maryina Roshcha wis demolished gradually anerly in the 1960s. The remainder wis cleared in the late 1970s in preparation for the 1980 Simmer Olympics. The last remainin tram lines wur closed in 2002 (see 2002 photographs [1] [2]), when the destrict's soothren boundar wis convertit intae the Third Ring heich-gate.

Public transportation access[eedit | eedit soorce]

Moscow Metro haed expandit the Lyublinskaya Line tae Maryina roshcha station on 19 Juin 2010.[5] An aw the destrict is accessible via Savyolovskaya, Rizhskaya (sooth), an Alexeyevskaya (north) stations.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  2. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  3. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  4. Vladimir Kozlov, "The colourful past and present of Maryina Roshcha," Moscow News, Sept. 13, 2010.
  5. МАРЬИНА РОЩА (Roushie)
  • P. V. Sytin. History of Moscow Streets (1948).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]