Ma'an Govrenorate

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Location o Ma'an Govrenorate
Petra is a UNESCO warld heritage site, an ane o the New seiven wonders o the warld

Ma'an (Arabic: معان‎) is the soothmaist o the govrenorates o Jordan, it is locatit sooth o Amman, Jordan's caipital. Its caipital is the ceety o Ma'an. This govrenorate is the lairgest in the kinrick o Jordan bi aurie. It's an aa haes lawest population density: 3 bodies per square km. It haes internaitional borders wi Saudi Arabie frae the east an sooth, an borders Aqaba, Tafilah, an Karak Govrenorates frae the wast, an Amman Govrenorate frae the north.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Crusader castle o Montreal in Shoubak
Munt Hor whaur it is believed that Aaron brither o Moses dee'd, an the toun o Taibeh

The land o the Govrenorate o Ma'an hosts mony historic sites. Ma'an wis the caipital o the Arab state declared bi Emir Abdullah for a short period o time in 1920 afore movin the caipital tae Amman. The first newspaper in the modren day Jordan wis issued in Ma'an an wis named Alhaqqu Ya'lu (الحق يعلو ). The land o Ma'an Govrenorate wis unner the Edomite rule, which haed its caipital in Busaira in neighborin Tafilah Govrenorate. The Edomites wur then replaced bi the Nabateans who left ane o the maist significant sites in the Middle East, the auncient ceety o Petra. Efter succeedin in repulsin Macedonian an Roman invasions, Petra finally fell tae the Roman Empire in 103 A.D. Closely locatiit tae Petra is Munt Hor, whaur is it believed that Aaron brither o Moses dee'd, the muntain is named in Arabic Jebel Nebi Harun (Muntain o Prophet Aaron). There is a tomb for Aaron at the top o the muntain.

In the 7t century A.D. the lands o Ma'an wur annexed tae the Islamic Khaliphate. Wi the comin o the Crusaders in the 11t century, The Crusaders teuk control o the hielands o Shoubak, at an elevation o mair than 1300 meters abuin sea level, the Crusaders built the castle o Montreal in the ceety o Shoubak.

In Hairst 1996 an Ware 1997 the Al-Jafr-desert, locatit near Al-Jafr in the eastren pairt o the govrenorate, wis the location o extensive tests o the ThrustSSC, the Breetish-built currently fastest land vehicle in the warld, which wis the first land vehicle tae break the soond barrier in October 1997 in the Black Rock Desert, Nevada, USA. The ThrustSSC wis thus therefore the fastest land vehicle iver driven in an Arab kintra.

Geography an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate in Ma'an is maistly desert climate, the wastren hielands hae a mediterranean climate. The average annual rainfall ranges frae 50 mm in the desert regions tae 250 mm in the wastren hielands, an exceeeds 500 mm in the Sharah muntains.

Admeenistrative Depairtments[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Meenistry o Interior divides Ma'an Govrenorate intae fower depairtments unner airticle 7 o the Admeenistrative Diveesions Seestem o the year 2000 [1] . The caipital depairtment is further subdividit intae five subdiveesions:

Depaitments o Ma'an Govrenorate bi populartion (2004 Census)

The toun o Shoubak in Ma'an Govrenorate
Shoubak in Ma'an Govreorate

Depairtment Arabic Name Auries Population (2004) [2] Admeenistrative Center

Wadi Musa
Wadi Musa

1 Capital Depairtment (Al-Qasabah) لواء قصبة معان includes the ceety o Ma'an an 56 ither touns and villages 51,016 Ma'an
2 Petra Depairtment لواء البتراء includes 19 touns an veelages 23,840 Wadi Musa
3 Shoubak Depairtment لواء الشوبك includes 27 touns an veelages 12,087 Shoubak
4 Husseiniya Depairtment لواء الحسينية includes aicht touns an veelages 8,310 Husseiniya
Source: وزارة الداخلية - الأردن Jordanian meenistry o interior

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ministry of Interior- Jordan
  2. 2004 Census

Coordinates: 30°11′42″N 35°44′03″E / 30.19500°N 35.73417°E / 30.19500; 35.73417