Luino

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Luino
Comune
Comune di Luino
Panorama o Luino
Luino is located in Italy
Luino
Luino
Location o Luino in Italy
Coordinates: 46°00′N 08°45′E / 46.000°N 8.750°E / 46.000; 8.750
Kintra Italy
Region Lombardy
Province Varese (VA)
Frazioni Baggiolina, Biviglione, Bonga, Casa Colombaro, Casa Demenech, Casa Donato, Casa Ferrario, Casa Ferrattina, Casa Pozzi, Cascina Pastore, Case Mirabello, Colmegna, Creva, Fornasette, Girasole, Il Gaggio, Il Valdo, La Brughiera, La Speranza, Longhirolo, Molino, Monte Bedea, Motte, Pezza, Pezzalunga, Pezze, Pianazzo, Poppino, Roggiolo, Ronchi, San Pietro, Tecco, Torretta, Trebedora, Vignone, Voldomino
Government
 • Mayor Andrea Pellicini (frae Mairch, 2010)
Area
 • Total 20.95 km2 (8.09 sq mi)
Elevation 202 m (663 ft)
Population (31 Januar 2009)
 • Total 14,324
 • Density 680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Demonym Luinesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21016
Diallin code 0332
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Luino (Wastren Lombard: Lüin) is a smaw toun an comune near the border wi Swisserland on the eastren shore o Loch Maggiore, in the Province o Varese (Lombardy, northren Italy).

Luino receivit the honorar title o ceety wi a presidential decree in 1969.

Luino is well kent for its weekly mercat, currently held on Wadensdays, which is purportitly the lairgest o its kynd in Europe. It is a popular destination for tourists an aw, especially frae Swisserland, Germany an the Netherlands.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awtho a Roman necropolis haes been excavatit in the aurie, Luino is mentioned bi documents anerly in 1169 AD, as Luvino. In the Middle Ages it wis contentit atween pouerful faimilies frae Como an Milan, but wis able tae maintain its status as a free commune. As pairt o the Duchy o Milan, it wis acquired bi Spain in the early 16t century an, in 1541, keeng Charles V gave it richt tae hauld a mercat in alternance wi Maccagno, who haed been enjoyin it alane so far. The concession wis confirmit in 1786.

Here in 1848 Italian patriots frae Piedmont rose against the Austrian occupation. Giuseppe Garibaldi focht here against the Austrians, an Luino later wis the first ceety in Italy tae erect a monument tae him (1867).

The aurie o Luino lived a heichly industrialization process stairtin frae the late 19t century, creatin ecological damage tae the nearbi Loch.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The toun's railwey station, locatit on the Oleggio–Pino railwey, is an important border station, especially for fricht trains tae the Gotthard railwey.

For the passenger traffic, it is servit bi the line S30 o the Ticino railwey netwirk, operatit bi the internaitional company TiLo, an bi the regional trains tae Gallarate, operatit bi the Lombard railwey company Trenord.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bi the end o the 19t Century, Luino wis a hivily industrialisit toun. The textiles industrie wis pairticularly strang here due tae the mony watter courses which coud be uised tae pouer the machinery. Mony textile factories wur set up in the local aurie bi Swiss industrialists. Awtho some shadaes o this past trade dae remain in the names o local streets an villas (Villa Hussy, via Stehli in the neebourin Germignaga), the activity in this sector haes nou diminished considerably.

Ane phenomenon which is extremely widespread is the practice o local residents who travel ivery day tae wirk in Swisserland. These so-cried frontalieri mak Luino an neebourin touns an veelages dormitory touns tae some extent.

Famous residents[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twa famous figurs o 20t Century Italian leeteratur, Piero Chiara an Vittorio Sereni wur born in Luino.

The Nobel Prize for Leeteratur-winnin playwricht Dario Fo spent pairt o his youth here an in the nearbi Porto Valtravaglia an aw.

The antifascist catholic priest Piero Folli wis pairish priest in Voldomino, a pairt o Luino, frae 1923 tae 1948 an wis arrestit thare bi the fascists on 3 Dizember 1943 for haein helpit a group o Jews tae expatriate tae Swisserland.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin towns — Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Luino is twinned wi:

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]