Longyan

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Longyan
龙岩
Prefectur-level ceety
龙岩市
Chuxi tulou cluster in Chuxicun, Xiyang, Yongding Coonty.
Location in Longyan Ceety in Fujian
Longyan is located in China
Longyan
Longyan
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 25°05′N 117°01′E / 25.083°N 117.017°E / 25.083; 117.017
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Fujian
Ceety seat Xinluo
Area[1]
 • Total 19,069 km2 (7,363 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,559,545
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 364000, 366000
Area code(s) 597
GDP 2009[2]
 - Total CNY 74.845 billion (USD 10.97 billion)
 - per capita CNY 26,971 (USD 3,952)
 - Growth Increase 14.1%
License Plate 闽F
Local dialect Hokkien(bi Hoklo fowk in Xinluo an Zhangping) Hakka Cheenese
Website www.LongYan.gov.cn

Longyan (simplified Cheenese: 龙岩; tradeetional Cheenese: 龍岩; pinyin: Lóngyán; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Lêng-nâ; Hakka leid: Liùng-ngàm) is a prefectur-level ceety in soothwastren Fujian province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae, borderin the provinces o Guangdong tae the sooth an Jiangxi tae the wast.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Longyan is situatit in the upper reaches o the Jiulong an Ting Rivers. Longyan borders on the municipalities Sanming tae the north, Quanzhou tsr the east, Zhangzhou tae the sootheast, an the provinces o Jiangxi an Guangdong tae the wast an sooth respectively.

The ceety haes a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), wi short, mild winters, an lang, het an humid simmers. The monthly daily average temperatur ranges frae 11.6 °C (52.9 °F) in Januar tae 27.5 °C (81.5 °F) in Julie. Rainfaw is greatest in ware an early simmer an at its least in hairst an early winter.

Climate data for Longyan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 17
(62)
18
(64)
22
(71)
25
(77)
28
(83)
30
(86)
33
(92)
33
(91)
31
(88)
27
(81)
23
(73)
19
(67)
25.5
(77.9)
Average laich °C (°F) 6
(42)
8
(47)
13
(55)
16
(61)
20
(68)
22
(72)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(71)
16
(61)
12
(54)
8
(47)
15.7
(60.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52.9
(2.083)
110.3
(4.343)
199.3
(7.846)
229.9
(9.051)
286.5
(11.28)
274.1
(10.791)
125.2
(4.929)
172.6
(6.795)
134.6
(5.299)
52.6
(2.071)
46.3
(1.823)
34.0
(1.339)
1,718.3
(67.65)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 9.5 14.7 17.5 18.1 21.1 17.8 15.2 15.7 13.9 7.4 5.9 6.1 162.9
Source no. 1: Weatherbase (Temperaturs) [3]
Source no. 2: Weather.com.cn (Precipitation, 1971–2000)[4]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The prefectur-level ceety o Longyan haed a population o 2,559,545 indwallers as o 2010, accordin tae the 2010 Naitional Census.[5] The population o Longyan in 2010 wis 4.65% inferior than in 2000 (when the indwallers o the ceety staund at 2,684,310), givin an average annual rate o growth o -0.47%.[5]

Admeenistration[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipal executive, legislatur an judiciary are in Xinluo Destrict (新罗区), thegither wi the CPC an Public Security bureaux. The information aboot population uises the 2010 Census data.

Inglis Name Simplified Tradeetional Pinyin Hakka Aurie Population Density
Xinluo Destrict 新罗区 新羅區 Xīnluó Qū Sîn-lò-khî 2,685 662,429 247
Zhangping Ceety 漳平市 漳平市 Zhāngpíng Shì Chông-phìn-sṳ 2,975 240,194 81
Changting Coonty 长汀县 長汀縣 Chángtīng Xiàn Tshòng-tin-yen 3,099 393,390 127
Yongding Coonty 永定县 永定縣 Yǒngdìng Xiàn Yún-thin-yen 2,216 362,658 164
Shanghang Coonty 上杭县 上杭縣 Shàngháng Xiàn Sông-hông-yen 2,879 374,047 130
Wuping Coonty 武平县 武平縣 Wǔpíng Xiàn Vú-phìn-yen 2,630 278,182 106
Liancheng Coonty 连城县 連城縣 Liánchéng Xiàn Lièn-sàng-yen 2,596 248,645 96

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 736 AD, (the Tang Dynasty (唐朝)), the prefectur o Tingzhou wis established in wastren Fujian (or Minxi (闽西)), admeenisterin Changting, Huanglian an Xinluo coonties. Sax years later Xinluo wis named Longyan for the nearby cavern, a famous scenic steid.

Due tae the auncient conflicts in central Cheenae an aggression frae northren tribes, mony Han fowk moved frae central Cheenae tae Longyan.

in 1734, the aurie wis designatit Longyan Prefectur bi the imperial coort. In 1913, it revertit tae its umwhile name Longyan Coonty an in 1981, Longyan Ceety wis established.

Minxi wis a strategic base durin the Cheenese Ceevil War.

It's said that tens o thoosands o fowk frae Longyan jyned the PLA durin the Cheenese Ceevil War, an nearly every faimily haed someane sacrificed lives on behalf o CCP side. Thare are mair than 26,000 locals that teuk pairt in the Lang March which in tot is carried oot bi 86,000. Mairower, durin 1955 an 1968, 68 fowk frae Longyan wur awairdit Brigadier General or above, which accoonts for 82% o aw generals frae Fujian province at the time, tharefore, Longyan is an aa named efter "The Home o Generals".[6]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Longyan is famous for it as the "Home o Hakka Fowk", as Hakka fowk taks up 75% o entire population.[7] The ceety o Changting is eften referred tae as the home o the Hakka an the Ting River is kent as the "mither river" o the Hakka fowk. Onyway, Hoklo fowk in Xinluo an Zhangping speak Hokkien, while it is somewhit influenced bi the Hakka accent. Due tae the difference atween Hoklo cultur an Hakka's, thare is a diversity o tradeetions an values in Longyan.

Environment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Unlike mony Cheenese ceeties, the forest coverage o Longyan reaches an unusually heich 77.9%, which is unparalleled in Fujian province.[7]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Longyan serves as a strategic center for the distribution o guids tae Xiamen, Quanzhou an Zhangzhou. It an aa acts as a gateway for trade wi Guangdong an Jiangxi province. It is the main connection atween the inland an coastal aurie.

Longyan is rich in naitural resources such as in important mineral deposits an forest zones. The Septwolves tobacco business is an important contributor tae the local economy, as is the Zijin Minin group. The lairgest construction equipment maker Lonking Hauldins is based in the ceety.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Famous fowk frae Longyan[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Aw Boon Haw (Cheenese: 胡文虎; pinyin: Hú Wénhǔ) frae Yongding coonty, Tiger Balm King o Singapore
  • Aw Boon Par (Cheenese: 胡文豹; pinyin: Hú Wénbào) brother o Aw Boon Haw, an the ither hauf o the Tiger Balm empire.
  • Chen Hong (陈宏) (b. 1979), nummer 1 badminton player on the warld rankin leet frae 2002 tae 2003.
  • He Wenna (何雯娜) (b. 1989), trampoline gymnast, gowd medalist at the 2008 Simmer Olympics.
  • Lin Dan (林丹) (b. 1983), gowd medalist at the 2012 an 2008 Simmer Olympics, nummer 1 badminton player on the warld rankin leet frae 2004 tae 2008.
  • Ong Schan Tchow (Cheenese: 翁占秋) alias Yung Len Kwui (Cheenese: 翁联桂) (1900 - 1945), leadin airtist whose exhibitions in Cheenae an Sooth East Asie raised funds for the war relief effort an ceevilian victims o the Seicont Sino-Japanese War
  • Shi Zhiyong (石智勇) (b. 1980), Weichtlifter, gowd medalist at the 2004 Summer Olympics.
  • Yang Chengwu (Cheenese: 杨成武; pinyin: Yáng Chéngwǔ; 1914–2004), a Proletarian Revolutionist an a militar strategist o the Fowk's Liberation Airmy.
  • Zhang Dingcheng (simplified Cheenese: 张鼎丞; tradeetional Cheenese: 張鼎丞; pinyin: Zhāng Dǐngchéng; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: TiuⁿTiaⁿ-seng; 1898 - December 16, 1981), the Procurator-General o the Supreme Fowk's Procuratorate frae 1954 tae 1975.
  • Zhang Xiangxiang (张湘祥) (b. 1983), Weichtlifter, gowd medalist at the 2008 Simmer Olympics an bronze medalist at the 2000 Simmer Olympics.
  • Deng Zihui (邓子恢) (1896–1972) former vice premier (1951–1965), one of the top leaders of the Chinese Communist Party.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "2008年行政区划" (in Simplified Chinese). Longyan Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2009-06-05. Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  2. "2009年龙岩市国民经济和社会发展统计公报" (in Simplified Chinese). Longyan Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-03-12. Retrieved 2010-05-03. 
  3. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Longyan, China". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-24. 
  4. "龙岩 -城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather.com.cn. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 (Cheenese) Longyan Statistic Bureau. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
  6. 百度百科-龙岩 The introduction of Longyan on Baidu Encyclopedia
  7. 7.0 7.1 市情特点. The characteristics of Longyan(in Simplified Chinese)

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]