Leninism

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In Marxist philosophy, Leninism is the body o poleetical theory for the democratic organisation o a revolutionary vanguard pairty, an the achievement o a direct-democracy dictatorship o the proletariat, as poleetical prelude tae the establishment o socialism. Developit bi, an namit for, the Roushie revolutionary Vladimir Lenin, Leninism comprises political an socialist economic theories, developit frae Marxism, an Lenin’s interpretations o Marxist theory, for practical application tae the socio-political conditions o the agrarian Roushie Empire (1721–1917) o the early 20t century. In Februar 1917, Leninism wis the Roushie application o Marxist economics an poleetical philosophy, effectit an realised bi the Bolshevik pairty, the vanguard pairty who led the fecht for the poleetical unthirldom o the wirkin class. Functionally, the vanguard pairty providit the poleetical education, an the revolutionary leadership and organisation necessary to depose capitalism in Imperial Roushie. Efter the October Revolution o 1917, Leninism wis the dominant version o Marxism in Roushie, an then the offeecial ideology o Soviet democracy (bi wirkers’ cooncil) in the Roushie Socialist Federal Soviet Republic (RSFSR), afore its unitary amalgamation intae the Union o Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), in 1922.[1] As a poleetical-science term, Leninism entered common uisage in 1922, anerlie efter infirmity endit Lenin’s participation in govrenin the Roushie Communist Pairty. Twa years later, in Julie 1924, at the fift congress o the Communist International (Comintern), Grigory Zinoviev popularized the uise o the term Leninism tae denote “vanguard-pairty revolution”.

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  1. The New Fontana Dictionary of Modern Thought Third Edition (1999) pp. 476–477