Leet o leids bi time o extinction

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This is a leet o extinct leids redd bi their time o extinction. When the exact time o daith o the last remainin speaker o it is nae kent, either an approximate time or the date when the leid wis last being recordit is gien. Naetheless the leet is not hail.

21st century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
2014 Klallam Salishan Washington, USA efter the daith o Hazel Sampson[1]
2013 Livonian Uralic Latvie efter the daith o Grizelda Kristina[2]
2012 Cromarty dialect o Scots Germanic Northren Scotland efter the daith o Bobby Hogg [3]
2010 Cochin Indo-Portuguese Creole Portuguese-based Creole Soothren Indie efter the daith o William Rozario[4]
2010 Aka-Bo Andamanese Andaman Islands, Indie efter the daith o Boa Sr.[5]
2009 Aka-Kora Andamanese Andaman Islands, Indie efter the daith o Boro[6]
2008 Eyak Na-Dene Alaska, USA efter the daith o Marie Smith Jones
2003 Akkala Sami Finno-Ugric Kola Peninsula, Roushie
2002 Gaagudju Arnhem Land leids Northren Territory, Australie

20t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
late 20t century Newfoundland Erse Celtic Newfoondland, Canadae
late 1990s Munichi unclassified Loreto Region, Peru
1998 Mlahsô Semitic Sirie, Turkey [7]
1997 Sireniki Yupik Eskimo-Aleut Chukotka Peninsula, Roushie [8]
ca. 1990s Eastern Abnaki Algonquian Maine, USA
ca. 1990s Lumaete dialect o Kayeli Malayo-Polynesian central Maluku, Indonesie [9]
1994 Northren Pomo Hokan (controversial) Californie, USA
1992 Ubykh Northwest Caucasian Balıkesir Province, Turkey wi the daith o Tevfik Esenç
1991 Pánobo Panoan Peru [10]
1990 Shasta Shastan Californie, USA
1990 Wappo Yuki-Wappo Californie, USA
1989 Kamassian Samoyedic Ural muntains, Roushie
1989 Leliali dialect o Kayeli Malayo-Polynesian central Maluku, Indonesie in March 1989[9][11]
1989 Miami-Illinois Algonquian alang the Mississippi River, USA
1989 Kungarakany Gunwinyguan Northren Territory, Australie [11][12]
1988 Atsugewi Palaihnihan Californie, USA
1988 Nooksack Salishan Washington, USA [11]
1988 ǁXegwi Tuu Sooth Africae [13]
atween 1976 an 1999 Kw'adza Cushitic Tanzanie [14]
1987 Negerhollands Dutch-based creole U.S. Virgin Islands
1987 Basa-Gumna Volta-Congo Niger State/Plateau State, Nigerie [15]
1986 Mangala Pama-Nyungan Wastren Australie, Australie [16]
1984 Yavitero Arawakan Venezuela [17][18]
efter 1981 Umbugarla Arnhem Land leids Northren Territory, Australia
1980 Twana Salishan Washington, USA [17][19]
atween 1971 an 1981 Kwadi Khoe soothwestren Angolae [20]
1975 Yugh Yeniseian central Siberie, Roushie [11][21]
1970s – 1980s Chicomuceltec Mayan Mexico; Guatemala
1977 Shuadit Romance soothren Fraunce [17][22]
efter 1976 Muskum Chadic wastren Chad [23]
1976 Aasáx Cushitic Tanzanie [24]
1975 Homa Bantu soothren Sudan [25]
ca. 1970s Siuslaw Penutian Oregon, USA
1974 Manx Celtic Isle o Man, UK nou being revived as a seicont leid[26]
1974 Moksela Malayo-Polynesian Maluku, Indonesie [27]
afore 1974 Cacaopera Misumalpan El Salvador [28]
1972 Hanis Penutian Oregon, USA
1972 Mbabaram Pama-Nyungan Queensland, Australie
1970 Tillamook Salishan Oregon, USA [17]
afore 1968 Sened Berber Tunisie
1965 Barbareño Chumashan Californie, USA
ca. 1960s Pirlatapa Pama-Nyungan Sooth Australie [29]
1963 Galice Na-Dene Oregon, USA
1963 Jorá Tupi Bolivie [11]
1962 Wiyot Algic Californie, USA
efter 1961 Wyandot Iroquoian Oklahoma, USA; Quebec, Canadae currently taught tae childer in schuil
afore 1960 Catawba Siouan Sooth Carolina, USA [30]
1958 Salinan isolated Californie, USA
1958 Molala Penutian Oregon, USA
1958 Omurano Zaparoan Peru [11][31]
ca. 1950s Central Kalapuya Kalapuyan Oregon, USA wi the Santiam dialect
ca. 1950s Pijao unclassified Colombie [32]
efter 1954 Tây Bồi French-based Pidgin Vietnam [17][33]
1954 Ifo Malayo-Polynesian Erromanga Island, Vanuatu [34]
1952 Martha's Vineyard Sign Language Sign leid Massachusetts, USA
1950 Kaniet Malayo-Polynesian Manus Province, Papua New Guinea [11][35]
mid 20t century Ventureño Chumashan Californie, USA
mid 20t century Slovincian Slavic Pomerania, Poland
mid 20t century Tunica isolated Louisiana, USA
efter 1949 Kunza unclassified Atacama Desert, Chile/Peru
efter 1947 Gafat Semitic alang the Abbay River, Ethiopie
ca. 1940s Chemakum Chimakuan Washington, USA
efter 1942 Upper Umpqua
1942 Alsea Penutian Oregon, USA
1940 Chitimacha isolated Louisiana, USA
1940 Pentlatch Salishan Vancouver Island, Canadae [11]
1939 Miluk Penutian Oregon, USA
1939 Rumsen Penutian Californie, USA
1937 Northren Kalapuya Kalapuyan Oregon, USA wi the Tualatin dialect
1937 Yoncalla Kalapuyan Oregon, USA
1937 Kitanemuk Uto-Aztecan Californie, USA
1936 Narungga Pama-Nyungan Sooth Australie, Australie [36]
ca. 1930s Cayuse isolated/unclassified Oregon, USA
ca. 1930s Chimariko isolated Californie, USA
ca. 1930s Kathlamet Penutian Washington/Oregon, USA
ca. 1930s Lower Chinook Penutian Washington/Oregon, USA
ca. 1930s Mahican Algonquian New York, USA
ca. 1930s Natchez isolated Mississippi, USA
ca. 1930s Clackamas dialect o Upper Chinook Penutian Washington/Oregon, USA
ca. 1930s Kitsai Caddoan Oklahoma, USA
efter 1934 Biloxi Siouan Louisiana, USA
1934 Juaneño Uto-Aztecan Californie, USA
1934 Takelma isolated Oregon, USA
1933 Gabrielino Uto-Aztecan Californie, USA
efter 1931 Tonkawa isolated Oklahoma/Texas/New Mexico, USA
1930 Mutsun Penutian Californie, USA
ca. 1930 Mattole Na-Dene Californie, USA
atween 1920 an 1940 Ajawa Chadic Bauchi State, Nigeria [37]
ca. 1929 Bear River
efter 1925 Subtiaba Oto-Manguean or Subtiaba-Tlapanec Nicaragua
ca. 1920s Chochenyo Penutian Californie, USA
ca. 1920s Island Carib Cariban Lesser Antilles, Caribbean Sea
efter 1921 Chagatai Turkic Central Asie
ca. 1920 Mochica Chimuan northwast Peru
efter 1917 Pochutec Uto-Aztecan Oaxaca, Mexico
1916 Yahi Hokan (controversial) Californie, USA with daith o last speaker Ishi[38]
1915 Yamhill dialect o Northern Kalapuya Kalapuyan Oregon, USA
afore 1913 Tataviam Uto-Aztecan California, USA
1910 Kwalhioqua
efter 1908 Siraya Austronesian soothwastren Taiwan [39]
1908 Mohegan Algonquian soothren New Ingland, USA
1905 Tasmanien unclassified Tasmanie, Australie
early 20t century Atakapa isolated Louisiana/Texas, USA
early 20t century Jersey Dutch Dutch-based creole New Jersey, USA
early 20t century Kazukuru Malayo-Polynesian New Georgie, Solomon Islands
early 20t century Kyakhta Russian-Chinese Pidgin Chinese/Roushie-based contact leid
early 20t century Chaná Charruan Uruguay

19t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
late 19t century Adai isolated Louisiana, USA
late 19t century Esselen Hokan (controversial) Californie, USA report o last speakers left frae 1833
late 19t century Massachusett Algonquian Massachusetts, USA
1898 Dalmatian Romance Croatie; Montenegro wi the Vegliot dialect
efter 1894 Tsetsaut Na-Dene Breetish Columbie, Canadae
1891 Cornish Celtic Cornwall, UK nou being revived as a seicont leid[40]
1886 Comecrudo Comecrudan Mexico; Texas, USA
1886 Cotoname isolated Mexico; Texas, USA
1884 Yaquina Penutian Oregon, USA
ca. 1880 Auregnais Romance Alderney, UK
efter 1870s Moriori Malayo-Polynesian Chatham Island, New Zealand dialect o Māori
1877 Aruá Arauan Brazil
mid 1870s Yola Germanic Wexford, Ireland [41]
1870 Clatskanie
1858 Karankawa unclassified Texas, USA
19t century Mediterranean Lingua Franca Romance-based Pidgin Tunisie; Greece; Cyprus [42]
19t century Chorotega Oto-Manguean Costa Rica; Nicaragua [43]
19t century Matagalpa Misumalpan Nicaragua
19t century Ramaytush Penutian Californie, USA
19t century Kemi Sami Finno-Ugric Lapland, Finland [44]
mid 19t century Shinnecock Algonquian New York, USA
ca. 1850s Kott Yeniseian central Siberie, Roushie [21]
ca. 1840s Mator Samoyedic Sayan Muntains, Russia
1836 Nottoway Iroquoian Virginie, USA
1829 Beothuk Algonquian Newfoondland, Canadae
1828 Garza Comecrudan Mexico
1828 Mamulique Comecrudan Nuevo León, Mexico
1821 Karkin Penutian Californie, USA
1815 Tamboran speakers wur killed bi a Volcanic eruption[40]
early 19t century Cochimí Hokan (controversial) Baja eCalifornia, Mexico
early 1800s Pumpokol Yeniseian central Siberie, Roushie [21]
ca. 1800s Crimean Gothic Germanic Crimea, Ukraine
ca. 1800s Assan Yeniseian central Siberie, Russia [21]

18t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
late 18t century Polabian Slavic aroond the Elbe river, Poland/Germany
late 18t century Norn Germanic Shetland/Orkney, UK
late 18t century Esuma Volta-Congo soothren Côte d'Ivoire [45]
efter 1791 Quiripi Algonquian Connecticut/New York/New Jersey, USA [46]
ca. 1790s Powhatan Algonquian eastren Virginia, USA
ca. 1770s Abipón Mataco-Guaicuru Argentina
1763 Susquehannock Iroquoian Maryland/Virginia, USA
18t century Coahuilteco isolated Mexico; Texas, USA
18t century Modern Gutnish Germanic Gotland/Fårö, Sweden
18t century Etchemin Algonquian Maine, USA
18t century Chibcha Chibchan Colombie
18t century Classical Gaelic Celtic Scotland, UK replaced bi modren Scots Gaelic[47]
between 17t an 19t century Niuatoputapu Malayo-Polynesian Niuatoputapu Island, Tonga [48]
ca. 1730s Arin Yeniseian central Siberie, Roushie [21]
ca. 1700s Chané Arawakan Argentinae a dialect o Terêna
early 18t century Apalachee Muskogean Florida, USA
early 18t century Old Prussian Baltic Poland
late 17t to early 18t century Cacán isolated northren Argentinae; Chile

17t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
late 17t century Sudovian Baltic Lithuanie
17t century Jassic Indo-Iranian Hungary
17t century Egyptian/Demotic/Coptic Afro-Asiatic Egyp Coptic is uised as a liturgical leid nouadays
17t century Curonian Baltic Latvie
early 17t century Cuman Turkic north o Black Sea; Hungary

16t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
late 16t century Knaanic Slavic Czech Republic; Poland
late 16t century Laurentian Iroquoian Quebec/Ontario, Canadae
16t century Semigallian Baltic Latvie; Lithuanie
16t century Guanche unclassified, maybe Berber Canary Islands, Spain [49]
efter 1502 Tangut Sino-Tibetan northwastren Cheenae; soothren Mongolie latest text dates to 1502

15t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
end o 15t century Mozarabic Romance Spain; Portugal [50]
late 15t century Greenlandic Norse Germanic Greenland
late 15t century Selonian Baltic Latvie; Lithuanie
15t century Classical Nahuatl Uto-Aztecan Mexico evolved into several dialects o modern Nahuatl
15t century Old Nubian Nilo-Saharan Northren Sudan; Soothren Egyp evolved intae Nobiin an ither leids

10t tae 14t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
14t century Galindian Baltic northren Poland; Roushie
14t century Zarphatic Romance northren Fraunce; wast-central Germany
13t – 14t century Bulgar Turkic Volga an Danube, Europe; Central Asie
atween 1000 an 1300 Khazar Turkic northren Caucasus; Central Asie
11t – 12t century Cumbric Celtic Ingland/Scotland, UK
11t – 12t century Jewish Babylonian Aramaic Semitic Iraq [51]
10t – 12t century Syriac Semitic Turkey; Iraq; Sirie still uised as a literary secular leid[52]
10t – 12t century Samaritan Aramaic Semitic Wast Bank, Israel nou ae uised as liturgical leid[53]
11t century Prakrit Indo-Aryan Indie
ca. 1000 Lombardic Germanic central Europe; northren Italy
ca. 1000 Merya Finno-Ugric Yaroslavl Oblast, Roushie
ca. 1000 Muromian Finno-Ugric Vladimir Oblast, Roushie
ca. 1000 Alanic Iranian Pontic-Caspian steppe, Central Asie evolved intae Ossetian
10t century Sakan Indo-Iranian Xinjiang, Cheenae
10t century Zhang-Zhung Sino-Tibetan wastren Tibet (Central Asie)

5t tae 9t century[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
9t century or later Pechts Celtic Scotland, UK
9t century Gothic Germanic Spain; Portugal; Italy wi the exception o Crimean Gothic
9t century Sogdian Iranian Uzbekistan; Tajikistan evolved pairtly intae Yaghnobi
efter 840 Tocharian Indo-European Tarim Basin (Central Asie)
efter 6t century Gauls Celtic Fraunce; Belgium
6t century Dacian Indo-European Balkans
6t century Illyrian Indo-European wastren Balkans disputed
6t century Sabaean Semitic Horn o Africae; Arabic Peninsula
6t century Vandalic Germanic Spain; North Africae
5t – 7t century Phrygian Indo-European sootheastren Bulgarie; Turkey
afore 6t century Ligurian unclassified northwastren Italy; southeastren Fraunce [54]
efter 453 Hunnic possibly Altaic frae the Eurasian steppe into Europe
5t century Thracian Indo-European eastren an central Balkans
early 5th century Punic Semitic North Africae
ca. 400 Meroitic unclassified, maybe Nilo-Saharan Sudan
ca. 400 Sarmatian Iranian Pontic-Caspian steppe, Central Asie evolved into Alanic

1st tae 4t century AD[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
4t century AD Galatian Celtic central Turkey
4t century AD Ge'ez Semitic Ethiopie; Eritrea [55]; still uised as a liturgical leid
4t century AD Classical Ebreu Semitic Israel revived in the 1880s
efter 300 AD Parthian Iranian Iran
3rd century AD Raetic unclassified, maybe Tyrsenian eastren Alps
efter 2nt century AD Noric Celtic Austrick; Slovenie
ca. 2nt century AD Celtiberian Celtic Spain
2nt century AD Lusitanian Indo-European Portugal; Spain
1st – 2nt century AD Paeonian Indo-European Macedonie; Greece; Bulgarie
1st – 2nt century AD Iberian unclassified Spain; Fraunce
100 AD Etruscan Tyrsenian central Italy
ca. 100 AD Akkadian Semitic Iraq [56]
1st century AD Liburnian Indo-European wastren Croatie
1st century AD Venetic Indo-European northeastren Italy

1st millennium BC[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
1st century BC Carian Indo-European soothwastren Turkey
1st century BC Lycian Indo-European soothwastren Turkey
1st century BC Lydian Indo-European wastren Turkey
1st century BC Messapian Indo-European Puglia, Italy
1st century BC Oscan Italic soothren Italy
1st century BC Sabine Italic central Italy
1st century BC Umbrian Italic central Italy
ca. 150 BC Faliscan Indo-European Tuscany/Latium, Italy
ca. 3rd century BC Aequian Italiec Latium, east-central Italy
ca. 3rd century BC Sidetic Indo-European soothwastren Turkey
ca. 300 BC Philistine unclassified, maybe Indo-European Israel; Lebanon
ca. 300 BC Scythian Iranian Pontic-Caspian steppe, Central Asie evolved intae Sarmatian
4t century BC Auncient Macedonian Indo-European northeastren Greece
ca. 350 BC Elamite isolated Iran; soothren Iraq
early 4t century BC Eteocypriot isolated/unclassified Cyprus
ca. 400 BC Lepontic Celtic northren Italy
5t century BC Ammonite Semitic northwastren Jordan
5t century BC Moabite Semitic northwastren Jordan
meybe 5t century BC Phoenician Semitic Lebanon; Israel; Mediterranean coast evolved intae Punic
efter 6t century BC Lemnian Tyrsenian Lemnos, Greece [57]
6t century BC Edomite Semitic soothwastren Jordan
ca. 600 BC Luwian Indo-European Turkey; northern Sirie
7t century BC Urartian Hurro-Urartian Armenie; Georgie; Iraq; Turkey
early 1st millennium BC Eteocretan isolated/unclassified Crete, Greece

2nt millennium BC[eedit | eedit soorce]

Date Leid Leid family Region Notes
ca. 1100 BC Hittite Indo-European Turkey
efter 1170 BC Ugaritic Semitic Sirie follaein the destruction o Ugarit
ca. 1200 BC Hurrian Hurro-Urartian Turkey; Sirie; Iraq
ca. 1300 BC Palaic Indo-European northwast Turkey
ca. 1500 BC Hattic isolated Turkey
2nd millennium BC Eblaite Semitic Sirie
early 2nt millennium BC Sumerian isolated Iraq

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/last-native-klallam-speaker-dies-in-port-angeles/2014/02/06/d8108c14-8f70-11e3-878e-d76656564a01_story.html
  2. http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/europe/article3782596.ece?CMP=OTH-gnws-standard-2013_06_05
  3. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2212466/Final-word-Scottish-Cromarty-dialect-silenced-forever-native-speaker-dies-aged-92.html
  4. http://www.write2kill.in/critiques/people/376.html
  5. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8498534.stm
  6. Andamanese tribes, languages die, The Hindu
  7. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=lhs
  8. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ysr
  9. 9.0 9.1 http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kzl
  10. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=pno
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 Haarmann, Harald. 2002. Lexikon der untergegangenen Sprachen. München: Beck; p. 188
  12. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ggk
  13. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=xeg
  14. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=wka
  15. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bsl
  16. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mem
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 17.4 Haarmann, Harald. 2002. Lexikon der untergegangenen Sprachen. München: Beck; p. 188.
  18. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=yvt
  19. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=twa
  20. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kwz
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 21.3 21.4 Vajda, Edward J. Loanwords in Ket; in: Haspelmath, Martin & Uri Tadmor (eds.). "Loanwords in the World's Languages: A Comparative Handbook, p. 471. (in press)
  22. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=sdt
  23. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mje
  24. http://portal.unesco.org/en/ev.php-URL_ID=44605&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  25. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hom
  26. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=glv
  27. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=vms
  28. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ccr
  29. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bxi
  30. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=chc
  31. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=omu
  32. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=pij
  33. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=tas
  34. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=iff
  35. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ktk
  36. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nnr
  37. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ajw
  38. Parkvall, Mikael. 2006. Limits of Language, London: Battlebridge; p. 51.
  39. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=fos
  40. 40.0 40.1 Parkvall, Mikael. 2006. Limits of Language, London: Battlebridge; p. 52.
  41. http://homepage.tinet.ie/~taghmon/histsoc/vol3/chapter4/chapter4.htm
  42. Haarmann, Harald. 2002. Lexikon der untergegangenen Sprachen. München: Beck; p. 125.
  43. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=cjr
  44. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=sjk
  45. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=esm
  46. http://www.sil.org/iso639-3/cr_files/2008-038_qyp.pdf
  47. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ghc
  48. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=nkp
  49. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=gnc
  50. http://www.orbilat.com/Languages/Mozarabic/Mozarabic.htm
  51. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=tmr
  52. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=syc
  53. http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=sam
  54. Haarman, Harald. 2002. Lexikon der untergegangenen Sprachen. München: Beck; p. 125
  55. O'Leary, De Lacy Evans. 2000. Comparative grammar of the Semitic languages.. Routledge; p. 23.
  56. http://linguistlist.org/forms/langs/LLDescription.cfm?code=akk
  57. Haarman, Harald. 2002. Lexikon der untergegangenen Sprachen. München: Beck; p. 124.

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