Leeberal Pairty o Australie

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This article is aboot the modren Australien poleetical pairty. For the Australien Leeberal pairty active frae 1909 tae 1916, see Commonweel Leeberal Pairty.
Leeberal Pairty o Australie
Liberal Party of Australia
Leader Tony Abbott MP
Depute Leader Julie Bishop MP
Ideology Conservative leeberalism,
Leeberal conservatism,
New Right
Poleetical position Centre-right
Internaitional affiliation Internaitional Democrat Union
Colours Blue
Hoose o Reprasentatives
44 / 150
Senate
32 / 76
Wabsteid
http://www.liberal.org.au/

The Leeberal Pairty o Australie is an Australie poleetical pairty.

Foondit yin year efter the 1943 federal election tae replace the Unitit Australie Pairty, the centre-right Leeberal Pairty maistly competes wi the centre-left Australien Labor Pairty fir poleetical office. When in govrenment federally hit tradeetionally govrens in a coalition wi the Naitional Pairty.

Federal politics, the Leeberal Pairty is in opposition syne losing the 2007 federal election, haein held pouer syne the 1996 election. The state an territory level, the Leeberals hold govrenment in yin jurisdiction, a minority govrenment in Wastren Australie.

Syne the Leeberal Pairty o Australie leadership election o 2009, the federal leader o the pairty hae been Tony Abbott, an Julie Bishop wis electit depute.

Philosophies an Factionalism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Modren Leeberalism in Australie is muckle reprasentit bi the Leeberal Pairty o Australie, wham ar generally an advocate o economic leeberalism (see New Right). Houaniver, during Leeberal govrenments afore the Howard Govrenment, the pairty wis quite interventionist in hits economic policy an maintainit Australie's hie tariffs. At that time, the Leeberals' coalition pairtner, the Kintra Pairty, the aulder o the twa in the coalition (kent as "Naitional Pairty" the nou), had conseederable influence oer the Govrenment's economic policies.

The Leeberal Party is kent as a conservative party the nou, awtho hit has aye had a social leeberal weeng. Recently, in the Prime Meenistership o John Howard, the pairty moved til a maire socially conservative policy agenda. The pairty has twa unorganised factions, the majority conservative right an the minority moderate left. Historically, moderates hae creatit thair ain pairties, fir ensaumple the Australien Democrats.

Leeberal Federal Leaders[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shown by default in chronological order of leadership
Year Name Term in office Period Time in office
1945 Sir Robert Menzies Prime Meenister (UAP 1939–41),1949–66 Februar 1945-26 Januar 1966 20y 11m
1966 Harold Holt Prime Meenister 1966–67 26 Januar 1966 – 17 December 1967 01y 10m 23d
1968 Sir John Gorton Prime Meenister 1968–71 10 Januar 1968 – 10 Mairch 1971 03y 02m
1971 Sir William McMahon Prime Meenister 1971–72 10 Mairch 1971 – 5 December 1972 01y 08m
1972 Sir Billy Snedden December 1972 – Mairch 1975 02y 03m
1975 Malcolm Fraser Prime Meenister 1975–83 Mairch 1975-11 Mairch 1983 08y 00m
1983 Andrew Peacock First term Mairch 1983 – September 1985 02y 06m
1985 John Howard First term September 1985 – Mey 1989 03y 08m
1989 Andrew Peacock Seicont term Mey 1989 – Mairch 1990 00y 10m
1990 John Hewson Aprile 1990 – Mey 1994 04y 02m
1994 Alexander Downer Mey 1994 – Januar 1995 00y 08m
1995 John Howard Prime Meenister 1996–2007 30 Januar 1995 – 29 November 2007 12y 10m
2007 Brendan Nelson 29 November 2007 – 16 September 2008 00y 10m
2008 Malcolm Turnbull 16 September 2008 – 1 December 2009 01y 03m
2009 Tony Abbott 1 December 2009–the nou Incumbent

Leeberal Federal Depute Leaders[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shown in chronological order of leadership
Year Name Notes
1944 Sir Eric Harrison
1956 Harold Holt Efter Prime Meenister 1966–67
1966 Sir William McMahon Efter Prime Meenister 1971–72
1971 Sir John Gorton Foregane Prime Minister 1968–71
1971 Sir Billy Snedden Efter Leader
1972 Sir Phillip Lynch
1982 John Howard Efter Prime Meenister 1996-07
1985 Neil Brown
1987 Andrew Peacock Foregane & Efter Leader
1989 Fred Chaney
1990 Peter Reith
1993 Michael Wooldridge
1994 Peter Costello
2007 Julie Bishop Incumbent

Leeberal State an Territory Pairlamentary Leaders the nou[eedit | eedit soorce]

State Lawer Hoose Seats
State Lower House Seats
24 / 93
34 / 89
18 / 47
10 / 25
23 / 88
24 / 59
State/ Territory Leader Notes
ACT Zed Seselja Leader syne 2007
NSW Barry O'Farrell Leader syne 2007
NT Terry Mills Leader syne 2008 1
QLD John-Paul Langbroek Leader syne 2009 2
SA Isobel Redmond Leader syne 2009
TAS Will Hodgman Leader syne 2006
VIC Ted Baillieu Leader syne 2006
WA Colin Barnett Premier o Wastren Australie syne 2008

1 The Northren Territory is reprasentit bi the Kintra Leeberal Pairty, which is endorsed as the Territory diveesion o the Leeberal Pairty.

2 Queensland is reprasentit bi the Leeberal Naitional Pairty o Queensland, this pairty is a merger o the Queensland Diveesion o the Leeberal Pairty an the Queensland Naitional Pairty tae contest elections as a single pairty.

Leeberal Federal Preses[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shown in chronological order of presidency

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faurder readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Henderson, Gerard (1994). Menzies' Child: The Liberal Party of Australia 1944–1994, Allen an Unwin, Sydney, New Sooth Wales.
  • Jaensch, Dean (1994) The Liberals, Allen an Unwin, Sydney, New Sooth Wales.
  • Nethercote, John (ed.)(2001), Liberalism and the Australian Federation, Federation Press, Annandale, New Sooth Wales. ISBN 1862874026
  • Simms, Marian (1982) A Liberal Nation: The Liberal Party and Australian Politics, Hale and Iremonger, Sydney, New Sooth Wales. ISBN 086806033X
  • Starr, Graeme (1980) The Liberal Party of Australia: A Documentary History, Drummond/Heinemann, Richmond, Victoria. ISBN 0-85859-223-1
  • Tiver, P.G. (1978), The Liberal Party. Principles and Performance, Jacaranda, Milton, Queensland. ISBN 0-7016-0996-6

Airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]