Le Monde's 100 Buiks o the Hunderyear

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The 100 Beuks o the Hunderyear is a leet o the hunder baist beuks o the Twentiet Century, accordin tae a poll conductit in the spring o 1999 bi the French retailer Fnac an the Paris newspaper Le Monde.

Stairtin frae a preliminar leet o 200 teetles creatit bi beukshops an journalists, 17,000 French votit bi respondin tae the quistion, 'Whit beuks haes bidden in yer memory?' ('Quels livres sont restés dans votre mémoire ?').[1]

The leet o acclaimit teetles mixes great novelles wi poetry an theatre, an the comic strip an aw. The first fifty warks on the leet war the subject o an essay bi French author Frédéric Beigbeder, The Last Inventory Before Liquidation, in whit he notably drew attention tae its French-centred chairacter.

The 100 Beuks o the Hunderyear[eedit | eedit soorce]

# Teetle Author Year Leid Kintra
1 The Stranger (The Outsider) [Flag of Canada.svg Sairy, Inglis page anerly] Albert Camus
Nobel prize medal.svg
1942 French Fraunce (French Algerie)
2 Remembrance of Things Past Marcel Proust 19131927 French Fraunce
3 The Trial [Flag of Scotland.svg Scots page] Franz Kafka 1925 German Austrick-Hungary, Czechoslovakie
4 en:The Little Prince
Scotland The Wee Prince
Antoine de Saint-Exupéry 1943 French Fraunce
5 en:Man's Fate André Malraux 1933 French Fraunce
6 en:Journey to the End of the Night Louis-Ferdinand Céline 1932 French Fraunce
7 en:The Grapes of Wrath John Steinbeck
Nobel prize medal.svg
1939 Inglis Unitit States
8 en:For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hemingway
Nobel prize medal.svg
1940 Inglis Unitit States
9 en:Le Grand Meaulnes Alain-Fournier 1913 French Fraunce
10 en:Froth on the Daydream Boris Vian 1947 French Fraunce
11 en:The Second Sex Simone de Beauvoir 1949 French Fraunce
12 en:Waiting for Godot Samuel Beckett
Nobel prize medal.svg
1952 French, Inglis Ireland, Fraunce
13 en:Being and Nothingness Jean-Paul Sartre
Nobel prize medal.svg
1943 French Fraunce
14 en:The Name of the Rose
Scotland The Name o the Rose
Umberto Eco 1980 Italian Italy
15 en:The Gulag Archipelago Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Nobel prize medal.svg
1973 Roushie Sovyet Union
16 en:Paroles Jacques Prévert 1946 French Fraunce
17 en:Alcools Guillaume Apollinaire 1913 French Fraunce
18 en:The Blue Lotus Hergé 1936 French Belgium
19 en:The Diary of a Young Girl Anne Frank 1947 Dutch Germany, Netherlands
20 en:Tristes Tropiques Claude Lévi-Strauss 1955 French Fraunce
21 en:Brave New World Aldous Huxley 1932 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
22 en:Nineteen Eighty-Four
Scotland Nineteen Eighty-Four
George Orwell 1949 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
23 en:Asterix the Gaul René Goscinny an Albert Uderzo 1959 French Fraunce
24 en:The Bald Soprano Eugène Ionesco 1952 French, Romanian Romanie, Fraunce
25 en:Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality Sigmund Freud 1905 German Austrick
26 The Abyss
Zeno of Bruges
Marguerite Yourcenar 1968 French Fraunce, Belgium
27 en:Lolita Vladimir Nabokov 1955 Inglis, Roushie Roushie, Unitit States
28 Ulysses James Joyce 1922 Inglis Ireland
29 en:The Tartar Steppe Dino Buzzati 1940 Italian Italy
30 The Counterfeiters André Gide
Nobel prize medal.svg
1925 French Fraunce
31 The Horseman on the Roof Jean Giono 1951 French Fraunce
32 en:Belle du Seigneur Albert Cohen 1968 French Greece, Swisserland
33 en:One Hundred Years of Solitude Gabriel García Márquez
Nobel prize medal.svg
1967 Spainyie Colombie
34 en:The Sound and the Fury William Faulkner
Nobel prize medal.svg
1929 Inglis Unitit States
35 en:Thérèse Desqueyroux François Mauriac
Nobel prize medal.svg
1927 French Fraunce
36 en:Zazie in the Metro Raymond Queneau 1959 French Fraunce
37 en:Confusion of Feelings Stefan Zweig 1927 German Austrick
38 en:Gone with the Wind Margaret Mitchell 1936 Inglis Unitit States
39 en:Lady Chatterley's Lover D. H. Lawrence 1928 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
40 en:The Magic Mountain Thomas Mann
Nobel prize medal.svg
1924 German Germany
41 en:Bonjour Tristesse Françoise Sagan 1954 French Fraunce
42 en:Le Silence de la mer Vercors 1942 French Fraunce
43 en:Life: A User's Manual Georges Perec 1978 French Fraunce
44 en:The Hound of the Baskervilles Arthur Conan Doyle 19011902 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
45 Under the Sun of Satan Georges Bernanos 1926 French Fraunce
46 en:The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald 1925 Inglis Unitit States
47 The Joke Milan Kundera 1967 Czech Czech Republic, Fraunce
48 en:A Ghost at Noon (Contempt) Alberto Moravia 1954 French Fraunce
49 en:The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
Scotland The Murther o Roger Ackroyd
Agatha Christie 1926 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
50 Nadja André Breton 1928 French Fraunce
51 en:Aurélien Louis Aragon 1944 French Fraunce
52 en:The Satin Slipper Paul Claudel 1929 French Fraunce
53 en:Six Characters in Search of an Author Luigi Pirandello
Nobel prize medal.svg
1921 Italian Italy
54 en:The Resistible Rise of Arturo Ui Bertolt Brecht 1959 German Germany
55 en:Vendredi ou les Limbes du Pacifique Michel Tournier 1967 French Fraunce
56 en:The War of the Worlds H. G. Wells 1898 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
57 Ingland en:If This Is a Man
Unitit States Survival in Auschwitz
Primo Levi 1947 Italian Italy
58 The Lord of the Rings [Flag of Scotland.svg Scots page] J. R. R. Tolkien 19541955 Inglis Orange Free State, Unitit Kinrick
59 en:Les Vrilles de la vigne Colette 1908 French Fraunce
60 en:Capitale de la douleur Paul Éluard 1926 French Fraunce
61 en:Martin Eden Jack London 1909 Inglis Unitit States
62 Ballad of the Salt Sea Hugo Pratt 1967 Italian Italy
63 en:Writing Degree Zero Roland Barthes 1953 French Fraunce
64 en:The Lost Honour of Katharina Blum Heinrich Böll
Nobel prize medal.svg
1974 German Germany
65 en:The Opposing Shore Julien Gracq 1951 French Fraunce
66 en:The Order of Things Michel Foucault 1966 French Fraunce
67 en:On the Road Jack Kerouac 1957 Inglis Unitit States
68 en:The Wonderful Adventures of Nils Selma Lagerlöf
Nobel prize medal.svg
19061907 Swadish Swaden
69 en:A Room of One's Own Virginia Woolf 1929 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
70 en:The Martian Chronicles Ray Bradbury 1950 Inglis Unitit States
71 en:The Ravishing of Lol Stein Marguerite Duras 1964 French Fraunce
72 The Interrogation J. M. G. Le Clézio
Nobel prize medal.svg
1963 French Fraunce
73 en:Tropisms Nathalie Sarraute 1939 French Roushie, Fraunce
74 en:Journal, 1887–1910 Jules Renard 1925 French Fraunce
75 en:Lord Jim
Scotland Laird Jamie
Joseph Conrad 1900 Inglis Roushie Empire, Unitit Kinrick
76 en:Écrits Jacques Lacan 1966 French Fraunce
77 en:The Theatre and its Double Antonin Artaud 1938 French Fraunce
78 Manhattan Transfer John Dos Passos 1925 Inglis Unitit States
79 en:Ficciones Jorge Luis Borges 1944 Spainyie Argentinae
80 en:Moravagine Blaise Cendrars 1926 French Fraunce, Swisserland
81 en:The General of the Dead Army Ismail Kadare 1963 Albanian, French Albanie
82 Sophie's Choice William Styron 1979 Inglis Unitit States
83 en:Gypsy Ballads Federico García Lorca 1928 Spainyie Spain
84 en:The Strange Case of Peter the Lett Georges Simenon 1931 French Belgium
85 en:Our Lady of the Flowers Jean Genet 1944 French Fraunce
86 en:The Man Without Qualities Robert Musil 19301932 German Austrick
87 Fureur et mystère René Char 1948 French Fraunce
88 en:The Catcher in the Rye J. D. Salinger 1951 Inglis Unitit States
89 No Orchids For Miss Blandish James Hadley Chase 1939 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
90 en:Blake and Mortimer (beuk series) Edgar P. Jacobs 1950 French Belgium
91 en:The Notebooks of Malte Laurids Brigge Rainer Maria Rilke 1910 German Austrick-Hungary, Swisserland
92 Second Thoughts Michel Butor 1957 French Fraunce
93 Ingland The Burden of Our Time
Unitit States en:The Origins of Totalitarianism
Hannah Arendt 1951 Inglis, German Germany, Unitit States
94 en:The Master and Margarita Mikhail Bulgakov 1967 Roushie Sovyet Union
95 en:The Rosy Crucifixion Henry Miller 19491960 Inglis Unitit States
96 en:The Big Sleep Raymond Chandler 1939 Inglis Unitit States
97 en:Amers Saint-John Perse
Nobel prize medal.svg
1957 French Fraunce
98 Gaston (Gomer Goof) André Franquin 1957 French Belgium
99 en:Under the Volcano Malcolm Lowry 1947 Inglis Unitit Kinrick
100 Midnight's Children [Flag of Scotland.svg Scots page] Salman Rushdie 1981 Inglis Indie, Unitit Kinrick

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]