Kostanay Province

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Kostanay Province
Қостанай облысы
Костанайская область
Province

Coat of arms
Map o Kazakhstan, location o Kostanay Province heichlichtit
Coordinates: 53°12′N 63°38′E / 53.200°N 63.633°E / 53.200; 63.633
Kintra  Kazakhstan
Caipital Kostanay
Government
 • Akim Sergey Kulagin
Area[1]
 • Total 196,000 km2 (76,000 sq mi)
Population (2007-01-01)[1]
 • Total 900,300
 • Density 4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)
Time zone East (UTC+6)
 • Summer (DST) no observit (UTC+6)
Postal codes 110000
Aurie codes +7 (714)
ISO 3166 code KZ-KUS
Vehicle registration P
Destricts 16
Ceeties 5
Tounships 8
Veelages 255
Website http://www.kostanay.kz

Kostanay Province (Kazakh: Қостанай облысы, Qostanay oblısı) is a province o Kazakhstan. Its caipital is Kostanay Ceety. The population o the province is 900,300. Population livin in Kostanay is 207,000 [2] that maks 23 % o the population o province. The ither lairge ceeties in the province are Rudni.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostanay Province is adjacent tae the Roushie federal subjects Orenburg Oblast, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Kurgan Oblast, an is near the Ural Mountains. It touches fower ither Kazakh provinces: Aktobe Province tae the soothwast, Karagandy Province tae the sooth, Akmola Province tae the sootheast, an North Kazakhstan Province tae the northeast. The Tobol (Tobyl) River, a tributary o the Irtysh River, stairts in an flows through the province on its wey tae Roushie. Kostanay Province's aurie is 197,000 square kilometers, makkin it the saxt lairgest o the Kazakh provinces.

Flora an fauna[eedit | eedit soorce]

Resources o an animal an flora o Kostanay Province are suitable for the organization an development o zones an objects o ceevilizit fishery an a hunt, lake-commodity fish cultur, hunt facilities development. The fauna o grund animal includes 52 kynds o mammal, 267 is constant or temporarily livin birds, 10 kynds o amphibious an kowtowin, in reservoirs 24 kynds o fishes live.

Naurzum reserve (877 km²), 3 natural sanctuaries (1630 km²) an 12 state natur sanctuaries (0.47 km²) wi a rich vegetative cover are pride o region.

Natural resources[eedit | eedit soorce]

The territory o province is characterizit bi rather flat relief wi inflaes o the rivers: Ayat, Ubagan, Ui, Torgai wi inflaes o the rivers: Saryozen, Kara. The northren pairt occupee sootheast suburb o the Wast-Siberie lawland, tae the sooth frae it is situatit Torgai plateau; in the wast - wavy plain Zaural plateau an in a soothwast Saryarka spurs. River netwirk is rare. Athin the limits o the province it is totalit aboot 310 fine rivers. The lairgest rivers - Tobol an Torgai. On the river Tobol are Verhnetobolsk, Karatomar an Amangeldy watter basins. In Kostanay Province are mair than 5 thoosan lakes. Lairgest o them are locatit in Torgai dell - Kusmyryn, Sarymoin, Aksuat, Sarykopa. Firthland aurie 2,175 km² includin 1,512 km² natural plantins. In connection wi the Soviet Virgin Lands Campaign, hintle o the aurie wis ploughed for wheat. The Kostanay Province is rich in minerals, especially iron ore (deposits o magnetite ores - Sokolovsk, Sarbaiskoe, Kachary an broun soolits iron ores - Ayatsk iron ore puil, Lisakovsk deposit). The total stock o magnetite's ores an hematite's maks 15,7 billion tons, o them easy enrich an no demandin enrichment - 5,7 billion tons. Especially bouels are rich in iron ore, broun coal, asbestos, fire-resistant an brick clay, flux an cement limestane, glass sand, a biggin stane an ithers. Opened 19 deposits o bauxite, 7 - gowd, on ane o siller an nickel. In northren pairt o aurie chernozems an pine forests (Arakaragai, Amankaragai) prevail; in the central pairt - chestnut grund wi pine forest Naurzimkaragai on the basis o which the same reserve is organized; the soothren pairt is dominatit bi grasslands an shrublands.

Watter[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province center, Kostanay, is suppleed wi watter frae Amangeldinsky watter basins (unnergrund volume 6,7 million cubic meters) an Kostanay deposit o unnergrund watters (operational stocks - 33.5 million cube. m). The ceety o Lisakovsk gets watter frae the Verhnetobols watter basins (unnergrund volume totals 814 million cubic meters). Regional centers Sarykol, Karasu, Uzunkol are suppleed wi watter wi Ishim watter supply line an Sеrgeevsk watter basin which is on the territory o the North-Kazakhstan region. 12 big watter supply lines on the territory o Kostanay region give watter tae mair than 220 settlements an 5 regional centers. Watter delivery o ither auries is carriet oot frae local sources (deposits o unnergrund watters). Karatomar watter basins (unnergrund volume 516 million cube. m) supply Rudni, Каchar region an Fedorovka. [3]

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostanay Province climate is continental, wi strangly pronooncit alternation o fower saisons. Average temperaturs: Januar: -18 tae -19 °С, Julie: 19 tae 22 °С. In the winter, the temperatur can be as cauld as -25 to -30 °C. In simmer, the temperatur can reach 30 °C. Annual amoont o precipitation is 300–350 mm in the northren auries an 240 tae 280 mm in the sooth. The growin saison is aboot 150 tae 175 days in the north an 180 days in the sooth.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 1999 census, the major ethnic groups are Roushies (42.27%) an Kazakhs (30.93%). Maist important minorities are Ukrainian (12.82%), German (5.64%), Byeloroushie (2.46%), Tatar (1.97%), Poles (0.21%) an Ithers (3.70%).

As o 2006 December, Kazakhs accoontit for 33.8% an Roushies accoontit for 41.7% o the population. Germans haed decreased tae 3.9%.

Population (2009): 886 300 fowk (5,7 %, 6 place)

Density 4,5 fowk / km ² (8 place)

Naitional structur Kazakhs — 46,6 % Roushie — 28,6 %

The aurie o 196,0 thoosan in km ² (7,2 %, 6 place)

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province is administratively dividit intae saxteen destricts an the ceeties o Kostanay, Arkalyk, Lisakovsk, an Rudniy.[4]

  1. Altynsarin Destrict, wi the admeenistrative center in the selo o Obagan;
  2. Amangeldi Destrict, the selo o Amangeldi;
  3. Auliekol Destrict, the selo o Auliekol;
  4. Denisov Destrict, the settlement f Denisovka;
  5. Fyodorov Destrict, the selo o Fyodorovka;
  6. Kamysty Destrict, the selo o Kamysty;
  7. Karabalyk Destrict, the urban-type settlement o Karabalyk;
  8. Karasu Destrict, the selo o Karasu;
  9. Kostanay Destrict, the urban-type settlement o Zatobolsk;
  10. Mendykara Destrict, the selo o Borovskoye;
  11. Nauyrzym Destrict, the selo o Karamendy;
  12. Sarykol Destrict, the urban-type settlement of Sarykol;
  13. Taran Destrict, the selo o Taran;
  14. Uzunkol Destrict, the selo o Uzunkol;
  15. Zhangeldi Destrict, the selo o Torgay;
  16. Zhetikara Destrict, the toun o Zhetikara.

The follaein five localities in Kostanay Province hae toun status:[4] Kostanay, Arkalyk, Lisakovsk, Rudniy, an Zhetikara.

Public institutions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostanay Province function 8 heicher educational institutions: 4 state an 4 no state, an anaw 6 branches o the Kazakhstan an Roushie heich schuils. Ane o the basic - Kostanay State University (namit efter Akhmet Baytursinuli). The total number o students is made bi 23,6 thoosan person. An aw functions 22 colleges in which it is trained ower 12,2 thoosan pupils.

In 2002-2003 educational year wirk 723 schuils, wi a contingent o pupils - 155,5 thoosan person.

The state netwirk o cultur totals 380 libraries, 201 club establishments, 8 museums, 2 theatres: I. Omarov regional Kazakh drama theatre an regional Russian drama theatre. The regional showroom wirks.

There are sport objects: twa palaces o sports, 26 stadiums, 10 sports complexes an 567 sports haws.

Communications[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostanay Province haes steady automobile ootputs in aw next regions an the regional centers. The Extent o general-purpose heich-gates maks 9133 km, republican value - 1401 km an local - 7732 km. On territory o aurie pass frae the north on the sooth an a sootheast the main transit roads connectin the regional center wi ceeties o Kazakhstan: Astana, Almaty an adjoinin auries; Ural: Chelyabinsk, Magnitogorsk, Troitsk, Ekaterinburg; Zaural: Kurgan, Tyumen.

Operation length o railweys o general purpose, which are takkin place on territory o province, is equal tae 1048 km. Function 53 stations conductin cargo an passenger transportations which cover aw ceeties an 11 region.

In Kostanay Province are available three airports wi a firm coverin o runweys: in ceeties o Kostanay an Arkalyk, settlement Torgai. Runweys o the airport o Kostanay can accept types o planes: Tu-134, Tu-154, АН-22, Il-86 an the Boeing. Frae the internaitional airport o Kostanay regular an chairter flichts in mony ceeties o Kazakhstan, the CIS, Germany (Frankfurt, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Stuttgart), tae the Unitit Arab Emirates, Turkey an ithers are carriet oot. Here thare are points o the boondary an customs control. Mineral ile in Kostanay Province is delivered frae the Roushie Federation an frae ile refineries o Kazakhstan bi railwey.

The basic monopolist in sphere o telecommunications in Kostanay Province is the branch o "Kazaktelekom". The big development wis receivit with a global network the Internet, cellular communication, an IP-telephony.

Health[eedit | eedit soorce]

In sanatorium Sosnoviy bor thare are hydropathic establishments, which are locatit on medical sources an hae interrepublican value. Treatment is carriet oot: a gastrointestinal tract, respiratory seestem, postoperative rehabilitation an a mud baths.

Sichts o Kostanay Province[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostanay Province is rich in objects o a historical-cultural heritage. It is totaled 1974 immuivable monuments o a history an culturs.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Kostanay Province