Koala

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Koala
Koala climbing tree.jpg
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Suborder: Vombatiformes
Family: Phascolarctidae
Genus: Phascolarctos
Species: P. cinereus
Binomial name
Phascolarctos cinereus
(Goldfuss, 1817)
Koala range (reid – native, pink – introduced)
Synonyms[2][3]
  • Lipurus cinereus Goldfuss, 1817
  • Marodactylus cinereus Goldfuss, 1820
  • Phascolarctos fuscus Desmarest, 1820
  • Phascolarctos flindersii Lesson, 1827
  • Phascolarctos koala J.E. Gray, 1827
  • Koala subiens Burnett, 1830

The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus or inaccurately, koala bear[lower-alpha 1]) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native tae Australie. It is the anly extant representative o the faimily Phascolarctidae, an its closest livin relatives are the wombats.[3] The koala is foond in coastal auries o the mainland's eastren an soothren regions, inhabitin Queensland, New Sooth Wales, Victoria an Sooth Australie. It is easily recognisable bi its stout, tailless body; round, fluffy ears; and large, spoon-shaped nose. The koala has a body length of 60–85 cm (24–33 in) and weighs 4–15 kg (9–33 lb). Pelage colour ranges frae siller grey tae chocolate broun. Koalas frae the northren populations are typically smawer an lichter in colour than thair coonterpairts further sooth. It is possible that these populations are separate subspecies, but this is disputit.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Koala bear is a common term ootside o Australie, tho koalas are marsupials, nae beirs.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Gordon, G.; Menkhorst, P.; Robinson, T.; Lunney, D.; Martin, R.; Ellis, M. (2008). "'Phascolarctos cinereus'". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  2. Moyal, p. 45.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Groves, C. P. (2005). "Order Diprotodontia". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.