Kirillovsky Destrict

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Kirillovsky Destrict
Кирилловский район (Roushie)
Location of Kirillovsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Kirillovsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°52′N 38°23′E / 59.867°N 38.383°E / 59.867; 38.383Coordinates: 59°52′N 38°23′E / 59.867°N 38.383°E / 59.867; 38.383
Coat of Arms of Kirillov rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Kirillov rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Kirillovsky Destrict Banner o Kirillovsky Destrict
Admeenistrative status (as o June 2012)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center tounKirillov[2]
# o ceeties/touns 1[2]
# o Selsovietss 15[2]
# o Landwart localities 480[2]
Municipal status (as o December 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Kirillovsky Municipal Destrict[3]
- # o urban dounsets 1[3]
- # o landwart dounsets 8[3]
Statistics
Aurie 5,400 km2 (2,100 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
15,877 inhabitants[5]
- Urban population 48.7%
- Landwart population 51.3%
Density 3 /km2 (7.8 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established 1 August 1927[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kirillovsky Destrict (Roushie: Кири́лловский райо́н‎) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the north o the oblast an borders wi Kargopolsky an Konoshsky Destricts o Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Vozhegodsky an Ust-Kubinsky Destricts in the east, Vologodsky Destrict in the sootheast, Sheksninsky Destrict in the sooth, Cherepovetsky Destrict in the sootheast, Belozersky an Vashkinsky Destricts in the wast, an wi Vytegorsky Destrict in the northwast. The aurie o the destrict is 5,400 square kilometers (2,100 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the toun o Kirillov.[2] Population: 15,877 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 18,627 (2002 Census);[9] 21,702 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Kirillov accoonts for 48.7% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The mooth o Sviyaga River, Loch Siverskoye

The aurie o the destrict is elongatit frae north tae sooth an is split intae twa roughly equal pairts bi the divide atween the basins o the Airctic Ocean an the Caspian Sea. The aurie is dividit atween the basins o three major rivers—the Volga, the Onega, an the Northren Dvina. The northeastren pairt o the district includes the wastren hauf o Loch Vozhe, which Kirillovsky Destrict shares wi Vozhegodsky Destrict. The loch, as well as the rivers in the northren pairt o the destrict, belangs tae the basin o the Onega. The major tributars o the Onega athin the destrict are the Sovza an the Pereshna. The Sovza flows throu Loch Veshchozero, an the Pereshna haes its source in Loch Pereshnoye, which is dividit atween Kirillovsky an Ust-Kubinsky Destricts. Auries in the central-east o the destrict are in the basin o the Porozovitsa River, which belangs tae the basin o Loch Kubenskoye an o the Northren Dvina. A stretch o the wastren border o the destrict lees on the shore o Loch Beloye; housomeivver, nae pairt o the loch belangs tae the destrict. The rivers in the rest o the destrict drain intae the Sheksna, which wis made intae the Sheksna Reservoir. Thare are mony lochs o the destrict; amang the biggest anes (efter Loch Vozhe an the Sheksna Reservoir) are Loch Itkolskoye, Loch Siverskoye, an Lake Zaulomskoye.

The anerly naitional pairk in Vologda Oblast, Russky Sever Naitional Pairk, is locatit in Kirillovsky Destrict.

The north o the destrict, especially the auries aroond Lake Vozhe, are covered bi swamps, the biggest o which is the Charonda Swamp (shared wi Ust-Kubensky an Vozhegodsky Destricts an aw).

Forests occupee 67% o the destrict's territory.[4]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, as seen from Loch Siverskoye

In the 13t century, the aurie belangit tae the Principality o Beloozero, an in the 14t century, thegither wi the rest o the principality, it became a pairt o the Grand Duchy o Moscow. In 1397, St. Cyril o White Loch, a monk an a disciple o St. Sergius o Radonezh, foondit the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery on the shore o Loch Siverskoye. The toun o Kirillov eventually developit as the posad o the monastery. In 1398, St. Therapont o White Loch, who arrivit wi Cyril, muivit tae a separate location, which later became the Ferapontov Monastery. Baith monasteries wur subordinate tae Airchbishops o Rostov. In the 15t an the 16t centuries, Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery developit intae ane o the maist influential monasteries in Roushie. It helpit that the Sheksna River wis ane o the maist hivily uised watterweys connectin central an northren Roushie an aw. At some point, the monastery wis the seicont biggest landawner efter the Trinity Lavra o St. Sergius. Vasily III, the Grand Prince o Moscow, an Ivan the Terrible, the Tsar, visitit the monastery on several occasions. In the end o the 15t century, Nil Sorsky, a umwhile monk o the monastery an a leader o nan-possessors muivement in the Roushie Orthodox Kirk, foondit the Nilo-Sorsky Monastery 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) northwast o Kirillov.

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Ingermanland Govrenorate (kent syne 1710 as Saunt Petersburg Govrenorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Govrenorate wis split aff. The aurie became a pairt o Charondsky Uyezd o Belozersk Oblast o Novgorod Govrenorate. In 1776, the aurie wis transferred tae Novgorod Viceryalty. Simultaneously, Kirillov wis chairtered an became the seat o Kirillovsky Uyezd. In 1796, the viceryalty wis abolisht, an the aurie wis transferred tae Novgorod Govrenorate. Kirillovsky Uyezd wis abolisht as well; housomeivver, it wis re-establisht in 1802.

In Juin 1918, five uyezds o the Novgorod Govrenorate, includin Kirillovsky Uyezd, were split aff tae form Cherepovets Govrenorate, wi the admeenistrative centre in Cherepovets. In 1919, northwastren pairts o Kirillovsky Uyezd wur transferred intae Kadnikovsky Uyezd o Vologda Govrenorate an Kargopol Uyezd o Olonets Govrenorate. On 1 August 1927, Cherepovets Govrenorate wis abolisht, an its aurie became Cherepovets Okrug o Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, the uyezds wur abolisht, an Kirillovsky Destrict wis establisht. On 23 September 1937, Kirillovsky Destrict wis transferred tae newly establisht Vologda Oblast.[8]

On 1 August 1927, Petropavlovsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Petropavlovskoye an Nikolsko-Torzhsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Nikolsky Torzhok[11] wur establisht an aw. On 30 Julie 1931, Nikolsko-Torzhsky Destrict wis mergit intae Kirillovsky Destrict, an Petropavlovsky Destrict wis renamit Charozersky Destrict. The selo o Petropavlovskoye wis renamit Charozero. In 1937, Charozersky Destrict wis transferred frae Leningrad Oblast tae Vologda Oblast. On 12 Dizember 1955, Charozersky Destrict wis abolisht, an its aurie wis appendit tae Kirillovsky Destrict.[8]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Industrie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economie o the destrict is based on timber industrie. Thare is fuid industrie an aw.[4]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The agricultur o the destrict is essentially limitit tae crop growin an cattle breedin, resultin an meat an milk production.[4]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kirillov is connectit bi aw-saisonal roads wi Vologda, Cherepovets, Belozersk, an Vytegra. Thare are local roads an aw.

The Volga–Baltic Watterwey (umwhile kent as the Mariinsk Canal Seestem), connectin the Rybinsk Reservoir in the basin o the Volga River an Loch Onega in the basin o the Neva River, runs throu the destrict, follaein the course o the Sheksna.

The northren pairt o Loch Kubenskoye, which belangs tae the basin o the Northren Dvina River, is connectit bi the Northren Dvina Canal wi Loch Siverskoye, the toun o Kirillov, an the Sheksna River, thus connectin the basins o the White Sea an the Volga. In the 19t century, the canal was the main watterwey connectin the Volga wi the White Sea. Housomeivver, in the 1930s the White Sea–Baltic Canal wis built, an the Northren Dvina Canal lost its significance. The canal is still in operation, servin cargo traffic an occasional cruise ships, which muive frae the Sheksna tae Loch Kubenskoye.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict hosts twa actin monasteries o the total fower open in Vologda Oblast. These are the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery (male) in the toun o Kirillov an the Goritsky Monastery (female) in the selo o Goritsy, close tae Kirillov.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The St. Iliya Kirk o the Tsypin Pogost

Kirillovsky Destrict preserves a nummer o medieval ensembles which are considered amang the best monuments o airt an airchitectur in Roushie.[12] The Ferapontov Monastery is the anerlie Warld Heritage steid in Vologda Oblast. The Cathedral o Nativity o the Virgin (1490) in the monastery is the anerlie remainin Roushie kirk wi fully paintit waws. The frescoes wur carriet oot bi Dionisius. The Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery is a fortifee'd ensemble built in the 15t an the 16t centuries. The Resurrection Kirk o the Goritsky Monastery oreeginates frae the 16t century an aw.

The destrict contains 10 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage bi Roushie Federal law, an addeetionally 143 objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local importance.[13] The cultural heritage monuments o the federal significance are the ensembles o the Kirillo-Belozersky, the Gorisky, an the Ferapontov Monasteries, as well as the St. Iliya Kirk o the Tsypin Pogost an a nummer o airchaeological monuments.

The Ferapontov monastery operates as a museum—The Dionysios Frescoes Museum.[14] Aw ither museums o the destrict are operatit unner the umbrella o the Kirillo-Belozersky Museum o History, Airt, an Airchitectur[15] which is locatit in the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery. The ensemble o the monastery is shared atween the monastery an the museum.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #1116-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 "Характеристика района" (in Russian). Кирилловский район Вологодской области. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 16, 2011. 
  9. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. "Никольско-Торжский район (август 1927 г . – сентябрь 1931 г .)" (in Russian). Система классификаторов исполнительных органов государственной власти Санкт-Петербурга. Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  12. "Культура регионов России: Вологодская область" (in Russian). «ФГУП ГИВЦ Минкультуры». Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  13. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 
  14. "Музей фресок Дионисия" (in Russian). Музей фресок Дионисия. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 
  15. "Кирилло-Белозерский историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник" (in Russian). Кирилло-Белозерский историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник. Retrieved November 4, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1116-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Кирилловского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1116-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Kirillovsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).