Kifisia

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Kifisia
Κηφισιά
The Villa "Atlantis" the wirk o airchitect Ernst Ziller (1837-1923)
The Villa "Atlantis" the wirk o airchitect Ernst Ziller (1837-1923)
Location
Kifisia is located in Greece
Kifisia
Kifisia
Coordinates 38°5′N 23°49′E / 38.083°N 23.817°E / 38.083; 23.817
Govrenment
Kintra: Greece
Region: Attica
Regional unit: North Athens
Mayor: Níkos Chiotákis  (ND)
Population statistics (as o 2001)
Municipality
 - Population: 70,600
 - Aurie: 34.03 km2 (13 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 2,075 /km2 (5,373 /sq mi)
Municipal unit
 - Population: 47,332
 - Aurie: 25.937 km2 (10 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 1,825 /km2 (4,726 /sq mi)
Ither
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 290 m (951 ft)
Postal: 145 xx
Telephone: 210
Auto: Z
Wabsteid
www.kifissia.gr

Kifisia (Greek: Κηφισιά, pronounced [cifiˈsja]; Auncient Greek: Κηφισία; Laitin: Cephisia) is ane o the maist expensive[1] northren suburbs o Athens, Greece. It is mainly accessed via Kifisias Avenue, runnin aw the wey fraem central Athens up tae Theseos Avenue in the suburb o Nea Erythraia. It haes tradeetionally been hame tae the major Greek poleetical faimilies. It is hame tae the Athens Metro Line 1 terminal station. The Cephissus river runs tae the wast o Kifisia; hauf o the municipality is taken up bi pairt o the Penteli muntain; the rest is made up o elegant urban auries tae the wast, surroondit bi popular an upmercat auries such as Kefallari an Politeia tae the north, an Nea Kifisia tae the sooth-wast. Kifisia is a famous recreational neebourheid for fowk o aw ages (but maistly teenagers) frae aw ower Athens, acause o its mony available forms o entertainment; the Cinemax Cinemas, the Kifisia Bowlin Centre, numerous mair fashionable shoppin maws, as well as mony smawer designer shops an upmercat restaurants, bars an nichtclubs. It is hame tae the Kefalari Pairk an aw, a popular place for young fowk tae socialize.

Municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality Kifisia wis formit at the 2011 local govrenment reform bi the merger o the follaein 3 umwhile municipalities, that became municipal units:[2]

Quairters or Neebourheids[eedit | eedit soorce]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Antiquity[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kifisia, as Cephissia, dates back tae auncient times, alang wi the auncient municipality o Epicephesia. It wis the hame o the famous dramatist Menander (circa 342-291 BC).[3] Kifisia haed become a famous retreat o filosofers durin the reign o the Roman emperor Hadrian, when the walthy Herodes Atticus o Marathon, Greece built the Villa Kifisia. In his Attic Nichts, Aulius Gellius describes the unique ambiance o intellectual ferment an aristocratic leisur in an idyllic settin which he creatit thare. It wis the practice o Herodes tae provide free instruction in filosofie for selectit youths frae Athens an aw. The remains o the some o his faimily funeral monuments lee at the centre o the toun in Platonas Square. He bonnifee'd a sanctuar tae the Nymphs in the ravine o Kokkinara an aw, in the nearbi destrict o Kefalari.[4]

Medieval period[eedit | eedit soorce]

The history o Kifisia durin the medieval period is obscur, but the remains o a monastery kirk dedicatit tae the Virgin o the Swallae (Panaghia Chelidonas) is associatit wi a story aboot a battle focht thare atween local fowk an unspecifee'd "invaders". This chapel is a rare example o a monastery kirk oreeginally providit wi a fireplace, for the chimney remains.[5]

Ottoman Era[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin Ottoman period, in 1667, Kifisia wis visitit bi the Turkis traveler Evliya Tchelebi. He describit a smaw kintra toun set in a fertile plain o paradisaic brawness, wi three hunder tile-roofit hooses. Hauf the inhabitants o the toun wur Muslims an hauf wur Christian. He records that thare wis a single mosque, athoot a minaret, an mony smaw Christian chapels - some o which survive the day.[6]

Post Greek Unthirldom[eedit | eedit soorce]

The temperatur in Kifisia tends tae be significantly lawer than that o the ceety,[7] so follaein the unthirldom o Greece, it quickly became a simmer resort o the rulin class o the new state.

Its popularity fadit somewha durin the middle o the Nineteent Century when the danger o raids bi brigands who infestit the nearbi muntains wis vera real. Housomeivver, the suppression o brigandage, an the arrival o the railwey in 1885, led tae the dramatic development o the aurie.

It became the fashion for walthy Athenian faimilies tae build simmer hooses in Kifisia, an keen social competition led tae the creation o a unique airchitectural ambiance, as villas in iver mair exotic styles proliferatit. For those unable tae afford a simmer hoose, mony hotels wur built, whaur the slightly less affluent coud spend the holiday months rubbin shoulders wi their social betters.

The heyday o Kifisia wis probably durin the inter-war period, when the leaders o the twa main rival poleetical pairties frequentit different hotels in the toun thegither wi their maist important supporters.[8]

Warld War II an Ceevil War[eedit | eedit soorce]

Follaein the leeberation o Greece frae German occupation in 1944, the Breetish Ryal Air Force ill-advisedly made its heidquairters in Kefalari, takkin ower several hotels. Wi the ootbreak o the Greek Ceevil War, the RAF personnel wur first besiegit, then forcit tae surrender, an mairchit athort the muntains intae northren Greece; bein released in Trikala anerly efter a truce haed been arrangit.[9]

Modern Kifisia[eedit | eedit soorce]

The day, Kifisia is an upmercat shoppin centre, awtho mony villas hae been preservit.

In Julie 2007, residents panickit as Kifisia wis struck bi a bush fire the oreegins of which are said tae be arson relatit. The fire destroyed hintle o the eastren, pairtially forestit pairts o the aurie. It several hooses an biggins that haed been built near the forest boondaries but did no cause as hintle damage as the fire in the Penteli region. The fire lastit several oors, feenally bein put oot at aboot midnicht. Firefechters made uise o helicopters as well as airplanes tae battle the blaze.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accenture, Aegean Airlines, Eurobank, Eltrak an Metaxa hae their heid office in Kifisia.[10]

Historical population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Year Municipal unit Municipal unit
1951 12,991 -
1981 31,876 -
1991 39,166 -
2001 43,929 -
2011 47,332 70,600

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Travel: Extra day in Athens". Northstar Travel Media (USA Today). 2003-08-07. Retrieved 2007-12-29. 
  2. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. Rossiter, Stuart, Greece, Ernest Benn Ltd., London (1977) p185
  4. Tomkinson, John L. Athens, Anagnosis Books, Athens (2006) pp217-222
  5. Tomkinson, John L. Athens, Anagnosis Books, Athens (2006) pp224
  6. Tomkinson, John L. Athens, Anagnosis Books, Athens (2006) pp225
  7. "Photos of Kifisia under snow". 
  8. Tomkinson, John L. Athens, Anagnosis Books, Athens (2006) pp225-227
  9. Tomkinson, John L. Athens, Anagnosis Books, Athens (2006) pp231
  10. "Headquarters." Aegean Airlines. Retrieved on 22 February 2010.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]