Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict

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Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict
Кичменгско-Городецкий район (Roushie)
Location of Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location o Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°59′N 45°49′E / 59.983°N 45.817°E / 59.983; 45.817
Gerb-Kichmen-Gorodetsky-region.gif
Flag of Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat o airms o Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict Banner o Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict
Admeenistrative status (as o March 2010)
Kintra Roushie
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Admeenistrative center seloKichmengsky Gorodok[2]
# o selsoviets 17[2]
# o Landwart localities 357[2]
Municipal status (as o Aprile 2010)
Municipally incorporatit as Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Municipal Destrict[3]
- # o urban dounsets 0[3]
- # o landwart dounsets 13[3]
Statistics
Aurie 7,025 km2 (2,712 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
18,485 inhabitants[5]
- Urban population 0%
- Landwart population 100%
Density 3 /km2 (7.8 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
Established 10 Juin 1924[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict (Roushie: Ки́чменгско-Городе́цкий райо́н‎) is a admeenistrative[1] an municipal[3] destrict (raion), ane o the twinty-sax in Vologda Oblast, Roushie. It is locatit in the east o the oblast an borders wi Velikoustyugsky Destrict in the north, Podosinovsky Destrict o Kirov Oblast in the northeast, Oparinsky Destrict o Kirov Oblast in the sootheast, Vokhomsky Destrict o Kostroma Oblast in the sooth, Nikolsky an Babushkinsky Destricts in the soothwast, an wi Nyuksensky Destrict in the northwast. The aurie o the destrict is 7,025 square kilometers (2,712 sq mi).[4] Its admeenistrative centre is the landwart locality (a selo) o Kichmengsky Gorodok.[2] Destrict's population: 18,485 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 22,187 (2002 Census);[9] 26,170 (1989 Census).[10] The population o Kichmengsky Gorodok accoonts for 34.9% o the destrict's total population.[5]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Amaist aw o the destrict belangs tae the basin o the Yug River an twa o its main tributars, the Kichmenga (left) an the Yentala (richt). Anerlie a few rivers in the northwast o the destrict drain intae the Sukhona River. The Yug stairts in the sooth o the destrict, flows sooth, exits the destrict, then maks a bow throu the toun o Nikolsk an reenters the destrict, crossin it frae soothwast tae northeast afore enterin Kirov Oblast.

Hintle o the destrict is covered bi coniferous forests (taiga). The destrict aurie is hilly an belangs tae the Northren Ridge hill chain.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie wis oreeginally populatit bi the Finno-Ugric fowks an then colonisit bi the Novgorod Republic. Kichmengsky Gorodok wis first mentioned in chronicles in 1468. At that time, the fortress o Kichmengsky Gorodok wis dependent on Veliky Ustyug, an Tatars took it an set it tae fire, thegither wi aw its population.[4]

In the course o the admeenistrative reform carriet oot in 1708 bi Peter the Great, the aurie wis includit intae Archangelgorod Govrenorate. Frae 1719, Kichmengsky Gorodok wis in Ustyug Province, ane o the fower provinces o Archangelgorod Govrenorate. In 1780, the govrenorate wis abolisht, an transformit intae Vologda Viceryalty. The latter wis abolished in 1796, an Kichmengsky Gorodok became the seat o Kichmengskaya Volost o Nikolsky Uyezd o Vologda Govrenorate. In 1918, the aurie wis transferred tae the newly establisht Northren Dvina Govrenorate wi the admeenistrative centre locatit in Veliky Ustyug. In 1924, the uyezds wur abolisht in favor o the new diveesions, the destricts (raions).

On 10 Juin 1924, Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict wis establisht. In 1929, Northren Dvina Govrenorate wis mergit intae Northren Krai. The krai consistit o five okrugs, ane o which, Northren Dvina Okrug, haed its admeenistrative centre in Veliky Ustyug. Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict became a pairt o Northren Dvina Okrug. In Julie 1930, the okrugs wur abolisht, an the destricts wur directly subordinatit tae Northren Krai. In 1936, Northren Krai wis transformit intae Northren Oblast, an in 1937, Northren Oblast wis split intae Arkhangelsk Oblast an Vologda Oblast. Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict remained in Vologda Oblast iver syne.[8]

On 10 Juin 1924, Yenangsky Destrict wi the admeenistrative centre in the selo o Nizhny Yenangsk wis establisht an aw. It wis abolisht on 27 Februar 1928. Its aurie wis mergit intae Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict.[8]

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The economie o the destrict is based on the timber industrie. The agricultur specialises maistly on meat an milk production. Tradeetionally, crops an linum hae been grown.[4]

Kichmengsky Gorodok is locatit on the pavit road which connects Kotlas an Veliky Ustyug in the north an Nikolsk an Manturovo in the sooth. Anither, unpavit, road connects Kichmengsky Gorodok wi Podosinovets in Kirov Oblast. Thare is bus traffic in transit, as well as local bus traffic oreeginatin frae Kichmengsky Gorodok.

Kichmengsky Gorodok is servit bi the Kichmengsky Gorodok Airport; thare is occasional passenger service tae Vologda.

Cultur an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict contains twinty-five objects classifee'd as cultural an historical heritage o local importance.[11] Maist o these are firthen ferms an kirks built prior tae 1917.

The anerlie state museum in the destrict is the Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Destrict Museum, foondit in 1983 an locatit in Kichmengsky Gorodok.[12]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Law #371-OZ
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Resolution #178
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Law #1117-OZ
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Судаков, Г.В. (2006). Вологодская энциклопедия (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved September 12, 2011. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved August 31, 2011. 
  9. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved August 30, 2011. 
  12. "Кичменгско-Городецкий районный краеведческий музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved September 13, 2011. 

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1117-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Кичменгско-Городецкого муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1117-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Kichmengsko-Gorodetsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).