Kfar Yona (Ebreu: כְּפַר יוֹנָה) is a toun (local cooncil) in the Sharon Subdestrict in the Center Destrict o Israel. It is aboot 7 km east o the Mediterranean sea shore ceety o Netanya, an aboot 15 km wast o the border wi Palestinian-held Tulkarm. Surroondin it are mony ither sma touns, kibbutzim an veelages. Its population in 2008 wis 16,100, an its jurisdiction – 11,017 dunams (~11 km²).
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History an etymology
Kfar Yona (meanin Yona's veelage) is named efter Jean (Yona) Fischer, a Belgian Zionist. It wis foondit on Tu Bishvat, 23 Januar, 1932 bi Morris Fischer, Yona's son, a member o the Warld Jewish Congress, an wis oreeginally named Gan Yona ("Yona's Garden").
Yona an his best friend wur in Europe durin the time that naitionalism wis gainin poleetical muivement, for aw ethnicities. They decidit tae fundraise an foond a settlement in the Holy Land, tae promote Zionism. This endeavor teuk a number o years, an they includit Morris when he wis auld enough. Acause Yona dee'd just a few years short o seein fruition o the dream, Morris an his faither's friend decidit tae name the settlement efter Yona.
Yona is Ebreu for dove (besides being the Ebreu form o Jonah), so while the toun searches for new seembols, especially amang schuil-age childer in its quest tae build up community feelins frae a young age, the dove is a frequently uised seembol.
In the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Kfar Yona wis on the front lines, an its defenders faced the Iraqi Airmy, which sought tae reach Netanya an cut the Jewish forces in Israel in hauf. The new Israel Defense Forces repelled the Iraqi attacks an forced them back intae the Samarian muntains, although Kfar Yona remained the eastrenmaist Jewish settlement in the aurie. As a result o the 1949 Armistice Agreements, the border muivit frae Kfar Yona 8 km eastward, tae juist wast o Tulkarm.
When foondit, Kfar Yona wis surroondit bi orchards, an its main income wis frae sellin oranges. Till this vera day, its seembol is an orange tree staundin on a field. In recent years, due tae the rapid growth o the toun (noi populatiit bi 17,000 fowk), maist o these orchards wur replaced bi new neighborhuids o law apairtment biggins an private hooses.
Next tae Kfar Yona is the Area 21 military base, named for Mota Gur, which includes paratroopers, Nahal, military polis, an ither sma bases. In addition, Kfar Yona borders Pardesiya an the Lev HaSharon Regional Cooncil.
Nouadays this relatively sma veelage serves as a community center for smawer neighborin veelages as well. The community center includes the muisic conservatory, which is becomin a cultural hame for mony different types o muisic. This month, there wis a 3-oor concert in honor o 250 years syne Mozart's birth, in which several airtists performed, includin twa pianists frae abroad an the Ashdod Chamber Orchestra. The conservatory concerts hae an aa includit: Big Band, Spainyie guitar, childer composers, an full operas.
Kfar Yona is an aa biggin up its sports. In 2006, 250 grade-schuil students pairticipatit in the basketbaw program. The aulder student's league haes wan championships. Kfar Yona an aa affers programs in soccer, dance, an mony ither sports. The community center haulds classes in tens o ither subjects: photography, ceramics, pottery, ceukin, an so on.
Kfar Yona schuils: Hadar, Amal, Bar Ilan for grade schuil; an a new Junior Heich. Heich schuil students at this time must travel tae Rupin, Netanya, or ane o the ither mony schuils in the aurie. Kfar Yona childer who pass entrance tests attend efter-schuil class in science, technology, maths, muisic, an so on, in the surroondin touns.
Health and services
Kfar Yona haes twa or three health offices, a few dentists, a few alternative health professionals. It is close tae the Netanya train station, an tae the fire station. Besides the volunteer security force, it has a mostly-defunct police station, though it is not far from the Netanya police station.
Kfar Yona residents gather their mail from post office box centers. A post office box is assigned to each family by the main post office. The post boxes have replaced home delivery which was available until the early 1990s.
Ethnicity o the residents includes a majority o native-born Jewish Israelis. Ithers are o Russian, Anglo-Saxon (American, Breetish, etc), French, Argentinian, Kurdish, Tripolitan, Yemenite, Persian, an Ethiopian ethnicity.
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-10-30.
- "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Kfar Yona". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-06-14. (Ebreu)
- Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Kfar Yona". Ariel Encyclopedia. Volume 4. Israel: Am Oved. p. 3756. (Ebreu)
- Offeecial wabsteid (Ebreu)
- Kfar Yona wab steid (Ebreu)