Kaukab Abu al-Hija

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Kaukab Abu al-Hija
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu כַּוּכַּבּ/כַּוַכַּב/כאוכב אַבּוּ אל-הִיגַ'א
 • ISO 259 Kawkaḅ ˀabbu ˀel-Hiǧaˀ
 • An aw spelt Kaokab Abu Al-Hija (official)
Kawkab Abu al-Heija (unoffeecial)
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic كوكب أبو الهيجا
Kaukab Abu al-Hija is located in Israel
Kaukab Abu al-Hija
Kaukab Abu al-Hija
Coordinates: 32°49′52.83″N 35°14′55.33″E / 32.8313417°N 35.2487028°E / 32.8313417; 35.2487028Coordinates: 32°49′52.83″N 35°14′55.33″E / 32.8313417°N 35.2487028°E / 32.8313417; 35.2487028
Destrict North
Government
 • Type Local cooncil (frae 1984)
 • Heid o Municipality Nuaf Hajuj
Area
 • Total 2,567 dunams (2.567 km2 or 634 acres)
Population (2006)
 • Total 2,800
Name meaning Abu al-Hija's Star

Kaukab Abu al-Hija (Arabic: كوكب أبو الهيجا‎; Ebreu: כַּוּכַּבּ אַבּוּ אל-הִיגַ'א‎‎), aften simply Kaukab, (meanin "starn"),[1] is an Arab Muslim veelage an local cooncil in the North Destrict o Israel, in the Lawer Galilee. It is locatit on Road 784, atween Shefa-'Amr an Karmiel, an next tae Kafr Manda. Kaukab wis historically unner the control o the Abu al-Hija faimily o the Galilee.[2]

Accordin tae the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, Kaukab haed a population o 2,800 in 2005,[3] an is rankit law (3/10) on the Israeli socio-economic scale. Its jurisdiction is 2,567 dunams.[4]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is possible tae discern the ruins o Byzantine, Roman an Greek dounsets on Kaukab's location, an it micht be the location o the toun Kokhva, mentioned in the Talmud,[5] housomeivver, mony places in the aurie shared the name, an ane canna ken which ane wis Kokhva.[6]

Kaukab wis foondit next tae the grave o Husam ad-Din Abu al-Hija, ane o Saladin's lieutenants, an is holy tae the local Muslims. It is thus namit Kaukab Abu al-Hija to differentiate it frae several ither Arab veelages wi the same name.[7][5]

In 1517, the veelage wis incorporatit intae the Ottoman Empire wi the rest o Palestine, an in 1596 it appeared in the Ottoman tax registers unner the name o "Kawkab Bani Krad" as bein in the nahiya (subdestrict) o Akka unner the Liwa o Safad, wi a population o 41 hoosehaulds an 8 bachelors, aw Muslim. It paid taxes on a nummer o crops, includin wheat an barley, simmer crops, fruit trees, as well as on goats an/or beehives.[8]

In 1875, the French splorer Victor Guérin visitit Kaukab, an describit it as a smaw veelage wi aboot 250 inhabitants, situatit on a muntain at a altitude o 425 meters abuin the sea level. He notit a waly dedicatit tae Sheikh Aly an aw.[6]

In the 1922 census o Palestine, conductit bi the Breetish Mandate authorities, Kaukab haed a total population o 222, aw Muslim,[9] which haed increased in the 1931 census tae 285, still aw Muslim, in a total o 57 hooses.[10]

In 1938, durin the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine, the veelage wis destroyed an its threshin floors burnt bi Breetish troops durin a revenge mission.[11]

In 1945 the population wis 490, aw Arabs, wi 18,674 dunams o laund, accordin tae a offeecial laund an population survey.[12] O this, 332 dunams wur for plantations an irrigable laund, 1,657 for cereals,[13] while 10 dunams wur built-up laund.[14]

Durin Operation Hiram, 29-31 October 1948, the veelage surrendered tae the advancin Israeli airmy. Mony o the veelagers fled north but some stayed an wur no expelled bi the Israeli sodgers.[15] The veelage remained unner Mairtial Law till 1966.

In 1973, the population haed grown tae 1,340. Kaukab wis declared a local cooncil in 1984.[2]

Shrine o Abu al-Hayja[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shrine o Abu al-Hayja

Tae the north o the veelage is the shrine an tomb o Abu al-Hayja, a twa domed structur wi a courtyard tae the north. In the rectangular courtyard, thare are twa cenotaphs, ane on each side o the door enterin the shine. The cenotaph tae the wast o the door belangs tae Ali Badawi Abu al-Hayja, who dee'd in 1183 H (1769 CE), the east o the door carries an inscription datit tae 1181 H (1767-1768 CE). Enterin the shrine is done intae the eastren domed chamber. This is a prayer chamber, an haes a mihrab set intae the sooth waw. The next chamber haes twa cenotaphs, ane which belang tae the foonder o the Gallillee al-Hayja-veelages.[16][17]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Palmer, 1881, p.110
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kaokab Abu Al-Hija (Israel) Gutterman, Dov. Flags of the World.
  3. "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 1,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2007-12-31. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  4. "Local Authorities in Israel 2005, Publication #1295 - Municipality Profiles - Kaukab Abu al-Hija". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-27.  (Ebreu)
  5. 5.0 5.1 HaReuveni, Immanuel (1999). Lexicon of the Land of Israel. Miskal - Yedioth Ahronoth Books and Chemed Books. p. 476. ISBN 965-448-413-7.  (Ebreu)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Guérin, 1880, p. 488
  7. Vilnai, Ze'ev (1976). "Kaukab". Ariel Encyclopedia. Volume 4. Israel: Am Oved. p. 3524.  (Ebreu)
  8. Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 194
  9. J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38. 
  10. Mills, 1932, p. 74
  11. Jacob Norris (2008). "Repression and Rebellion: Britain's response to the Arab Revolt in Palestine of 1936-39". The Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 36: 25–45. doi:10.1080/03086530801889350. 
  12. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 62
  13. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 109
  14. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 159
  15. Morris, Benny (1987) The birth of the Palestinian refugee problem, 1947-1949. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-33028-9. p.226
  16. Petersen, 2001, p. 196-197
  17. Slyomovics, 1998, pp 130 -131.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]