Kastelorizo

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Kastelorizo
Καστελόριζο
The port o Kastelorizo
The port o Kastelorizo
Location
Kastelorizo is located in Greece
Kastelorizo
Kastelorizo
Coordinates 36°9′N 29°35′E / 36.150°N 29.583°E / 36.150; 29.583
Govrenment
Kintra: Greece
Region: Sooth Aegean
Regional unit: Rhodes
Population statistics (as o 2001)
Municipality
 - Population: 430
 - Aurie: 11.987 km2 (5 sq mi)
 - Densitie: 36 /km2 (93 /sq mi)
Ither
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 273 m ­(0 - 896 ft)
Postal: 851 11
Telephone: 22460
Auto: ΚΧ, ΡΟ, PK
Wabsteid
www.megisti.gr

Kastelorizo (Greek: Καστελόριζο - Kastelorizo, offeecially Μεγίστη - Megisti) is a Greek island an municipality locatit in the sootheastren Mediterranean.[1] It lees roughly 2 km (1 mi) aff the sooth coast o Turkey, aboot 570 km sootheast o Athens an 125 km (78 mi) east o Rhodes, amaist hawfwey atween Rhodes an Antalya an 280 km (170 mi) tae Cyprus.[1] Kastelorizo is pairt o the Rhodes regional unit.[2]

The meanin o its current official name Megisti (Μεγίστη) is "biggest" or "greatest", but at anerlie 11.987 km2 (5 sq mi) in aurie, it is the smawest o the Dodecanese. The name, housomeivver, refers tae the fact that it is the lairgest o the sma airchipelago.[1]

Name an Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The island's offeecial name, Megisti (Μέγιστη), is rarely uised in Greek, the traditional name Kastelorizo (Καστελόριζο) being common. There are several hypotheses aboot the oreegin o the name Kastelorizo, which is thocht tae date frae Byzantine era. There is wide consensus that "Kastello" is derivit frae the Laitin wird "castellum", meanin "castle", as this wird (in the Greek form), wis uised frequently bi Byzantine Greeks. There is some argument on the seicont pairt o the name. The arguments are centered on the follaein possible oreegins o the wird 'rizo':

  • 1) 'rizo', being derivit frae the Italian wird "rosso" meanin "red", either frae the reddish color o the rocks o the island, or frae the reddish color o the castle at sunset, or frae the color o the coat o airms o the Great Master o the Knichts o Rhodes, Juan Fernandez de Heredia, which stuid abuin the gate o the castle; these arguments are widely discreditit as the rocks on the island dae no contain ony red pigment an the name Kastellorizo, pre dates the arrival o the Knichts;[1] or
  • 2) 'rizo', being a corruption o the wird "Rhoge", ane o the auncient appellations o the nearbi island o Rho. If this is correct, the island's modren name is actually an amalgam o the separate island names 'Castello' an 'Rhoge'; or
  • 3) 'rizo', being the actual Greek wird 'rizon' maintained throughoot the centuries, meanin "ruit", as researched bi Greek Historian I.M. Hatzifotis (1996), tae signify the "tree ruits" o the fuithill whare the castle wis built.

It haes gane bi several different names in its history, includin Kastellorizo (Greek), Castellorizo (Greek name wi Italian spellin), Castelrosso (Italian, meanin "Red Castle"), Chateau Rouge (French translation o Italian name) an Turkis: Meis, or Kızılhisar‎, the umwhile derivin frae the island's offeecial name in Greek, the latter meanin Red Castle, a translation o the Italian name.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Bertarelli, 131
  2. Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)

Template:Dodecanese Islands Template:Kallikratis-Sooth Aegean