Juárez, Nuevo León

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Ciudad Benito Juárez
Motto: El respeto al derecho ajeno es la paz (Respect to other's rights, is peace)
Coordinates: 25°39′N 100°05′W / 25.650°N 100.083°W / 25.650; -100.083
Kintra Mexico
State Nuevo León
Foondit 15 Juin 1604
Government
 • Mayor Heriberto Treviño Cantú (PRI Party (Mexico).svg PRI)
Area
 • City 277.8 km2 (107.3 sq mi)
Elevation 403 m (1,322 ft)
Population (2005)
 • City 78,644
 • Metro 3,664,334
Time zone Central Staundart Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylicht Time (UTC-5)
Website http://www.juareznl.gob.mx

Ciudad Benito Juárez, or simply Juárez, is the name o a ceety locatit in the eastren pairt o the Monterrey metropolitan aurie in the state o Nuevo León, Mexico. It is the seat o the municipality o the same name. Ciudad Benito Juárez haed a 2005 census population o 78,644 persons [1] an is the aicht-lairgest ceety in Nuevo León. It shares borders wi the municipalities o Pesquería tae the north; tae the sooth wi Santiago; tae the east wi Cadereyta Jiménez; an tae the wast wi Guadalupe.

Oreegin o the name[eedit | eedit soorce]

In honor o Mexican preses frae the 19t century, Benito Juárez [2].

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Founded as "Hacienda de San José" or "Hacienda San José de loz González" on June 15, 1604. The Governor of the state of Nuevo León, Martín de Zavala, granted the lands for settlement to Bernabé González Hidalgo on April 1, 1642.

The congress of the state decreed on March 1, 1850 the foundation of a new district with the name "El Rosario", within then "Hacienda de Villa". This new district was part of the municipality of Cadereyta until 1868.

On December 30, 1868, General Jerónimo Treviño, governor of the state of Nuevo León, decreed that the "Villa de Juárez" (Juarez's Village) will be founded and recognized in the same area "El Rosario" occupied. As all of the other present-day municipalities of the state, Juárez was part of the system of villages used in the 19th century. These villages were founded in order to exploit the natural resources of the zone.

Villa de Juárez was granted the title of city in May, 1988 with the name of "Ciudad Benito Juárez".

Present day[eedit | eedit soorce]

The city is going under a heavy process of urbanization and construction of houses and residencial complexes, as all of the inner municipalities part of the Monterrey metropolitan area have no more room available. Several malls are planned, such as the "Sun Mall VIP" that would be Nuevo León's biggest commercial center; other have already been inaugurated as the "San Roque" commercial plaza.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality haes an extension o 277.8 km² an locatit at an altitude o 403 meters abuin the sea level. The territory is muntainous, but wi no important elevations, wi aroond 70% o plain or semi-plane lands an 30% o ruggit terrain. The lands are crossed bi River La Silla, that joins River Santa Catarina in a place cried "Las adjuntas". River La Silla joins River San Juan in the municipality o Cadereyta Jiménez.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wi a BSH climate, dry an hot. Juárez's annual average temperatur is 22° celsius, an its annual rain precipitation is 400 mm. Dominant winds comes frae the north.

Govrenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ciudad Benito Juárez is a municipality govrened bi a democratic electit Presidente Municipal (Municipal Preses or Mayor) for a period o 3 years wi nae richt tae reelection. The poleetical environment is ane o civility. In the last decades, the PRI haes remained in office.

The Ceety Cooncil o Juárez (Cabildo de Juárez) is an organization integratit bi the Mayor, the Regidores an the Síndicos. The Mayor is the executor o the determinations o the Ceety Cooncil an the person directly in chairge o the public municipal admeenistration. The Regidores represent the commonty an their mission is tae collectively define the ceety policies in aw the subjects affectin it. The Síndicos are in chairge o watchin an legally defend the ceety interests, as well as in chairge o watchin the Ceety Treasury status an the municipal patrimony.

The poleetical pairties wi representation in the ceety are the Institutional Revolutionary Pairty or PRI, the Naitional Action Pairty or PAN, the Pairty o the Democratic Revolution or PRD, the Labor Pairty or PT, the Green Pairty, Convergence, Social Democratic an Fermer Alternative an Nueva Alianza.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Link to tables of population data from Census of 2005 INEGI: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática
  2. "Juárez", Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México

Freemit airtinss[eedit | eedit soorce]