Jocotenango

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Jocotenango
Municipality
Jocotenango Kirk
Jocotenango is located in Guatemala
Jocotenango
Jocotenango
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°34′55″N 90°44′37″W / 14.58194°N 90.74361°W / 14.58194; -90.74361
Kintra Banner o Guatemala Guatemala
Depairtment Sacatepéquez
Area
 • Total 9 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 18,562
Time zone Central Time (UTC-6)

Jocotenango (alternate: Xocotenango; translation frae Kaqchikel: "place o mony plums")[1] is a smaw municipality in the northeast section o Guatemalan depairtment o Sacatepéquez,[2] an is situatit north o Antigua Guatemala. It haes seiven zones, twa veelages, an ane hamlet. Accordin tae the 2002 Guatemalan Census, the municipality haes a total population o 18,562 or which approximately 1,072 are native population an the balance are nan-indigenous; an approximately 16,692 live in an urban aurie, while the balance are landwart dwallers.[3]

Jocotenango is the birthplace o Grammy Award-winnin sangster an sangwriter Ricardo Arjona.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Previously considered a suburb, it receivit municipality status in the middle o the 19t century.[1]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is 9.96 sq mi (25.8 km2) in size and is situated 1,540 m (5,050 ft) abuin sea level. Cerro El Narizón ("Big Nose Muntain"), ane o the peaks o the El Rejon range is nearbi, reachin an elevation o 2,247 m (7,372 ft). Hydrographic featurs include the Rio Guacalate, streams, an a creek. Jocotenango is locatit in a muntainous rain forest in a sub-tropical region. Accordin tae the 2003 Ministerio de Agricultura report, approximately 93 hectares are uised for agricultur, while 75 hectares are in forest. Deposits o Placedrín Andesite hae been foond here.[4]

Vulnerability tae natural disaster is evidencit bi severe erosion tae the Rio Guacalate basin, forest fires, accelerated deforestation, and floods. Slope sediment, alang wi poor soil management, is maist visible in the veelages o La Rinconada an Vista Hermosa. An annual threat tae the populatit auries is floodin durin periods o rainfaw. It requires the municipality tae clear hunders o cubic metres o sediment that accumulates in the streets. This teep o erosion causes loss o productive soil capacity, exposur o basement rock, an generation o landslides an mudslides.[5]

The average rainfaw is 1344 mm/year while the temperatur varies atween 16 an 23 °C.[2]

Flora an fauna[eedit | eedit soorce]

The forest coverage rate is important for toun's socioeconomics. Maist o the firthit aurie, is locatit on the hill Panza de Burro an near the municipal yard. Flora includes species o oak, cypress, an palo de jiote (Bursera simaruba).[6]

The fauna is associatit wi crops that predominate the aurie such as cotuza, coyote, mouse opossum, rabbit, squirrels, white-tailed deer, an gophers. Birds include, hummingbird, quail, hawk, an dove.[6]

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The red brick Jocotenango Kirk lees in the toun.

La Azotea ("roof") Cultural Centre featurs, built on an auncient coffee estate,[7] haes three museums. Casa K’ojom ("Hoose o K'ojom"), a muisic museum, featurs tradeetional Maya muisical instruments such as diatomic harp, drums, flutes, marimbas, ocarinas, an whistles. Masks, paintins, tradeetional costumes an crafts are exhibitit an aw. The Museo del Café ("Museum o Coffee") is dedicatit tae the history an evolution o coffee cultivation. Coffee beans are displayed in varyin stages o production, antique equipment can be viewed, an as it is situatit at an actual plantation, on-steid tours are available.[8] Thare is a small costume museum an aw.[9]

Its main festival is celebratit each year durin the week o August 8.[1]

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Buses boond frae Antigua’s bus terminal tae Chimaltenango stop at Jocotenango.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Jocotenango, Sacatepéquez". inforpressca.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Plan de Reconstruccion Departamental de Sacatepequez" (in Spanish). Government of Guatemala. January 2006. p. 9. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  3. Plan, p. 14
  4. Plan, pp. 9–10
  5. Plan, pp. 11–12
  6. 6.0 6.1 Plan, p. 10
  7. "Centro Cultural la Azotea". viajeaguatemala.com. Retrieved 19 October 2010. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Jocotenango". Moon Travel Guides. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 
  9. "Jocotenango, Antigua Guatemala". virtualtourist.com. Retrieved 17 October 2010. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]