Jisr az-Zarqa

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Jisr az-Zarqa
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu גִ'סְּר א-זַּרְקָא
 • ISO 259 Ǧissr ˀa-Zárqaˀ
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic جـِسـْر الزرقاء
View of Jisr az-Zarqa
Jisr az-Zarqa is located in Israel
Jisr az-Zarqa
Jisr az-Zarqa
Coordinates: 32°32′N 34°54′E / 32.533°N 34.900°E / 32.533; 34.900Coordinates: 32°32′N 34°54′E / 32.533°N 34.900°E / 32.533; 34.900
Destrict Haifa
Foondit 1963
Government
 • Type Local cooncil
Area
 • Total 1,520 dunams (1.52 km2 or 380 acres)
Population (2005)
 • Total 11,100
Name meaning Bridge over the Blue

Jisr az-Zarqa (Arabic: جِسْر الزَّرْقَاء‎, Ebreu: גִ'סְּר א-זַּרְקָא‎‎ lit. brig ower the blue) is an Israeli Arab toun on Israel's northren Mediterranean coastal plain. Locatit just north o Caesarea athin the Haifa Destrict, it achievit local cooncil status in 1963. Accordin tae the Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS) the toun haed a population o 11,100 residents at the end o 2005. the name Jisr az-Zarqa is a reference tae Taninim Stream, which is kent in Arabic as the "Blue Stream." The mayor is Az-Adin Amash.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jisr az-Zarqa is the anerlie Arab toun in Israel locatit on the coast o the Mediterranean Sea (tho coastal touns such as Acre, Haifa, an Jaffa hae significant Arab populations). Ither Arab touns alang the coast wur depopulatit durin the 1948 Arab-Israeli War in Israeli militar affensives. Housomeivver, the intervention o Jews frae the neeborin touns o Zikhron Ya'akov an Binyamina, who relied on the population o Jisr az-Zarqa an nearbi Fureidis for agricultural labor, preventit the Israeli authorities frae dispersin the Arab population o the twa touns.[1]

In November 2002, the Caesarea Development Corporation constructit a lairge yirden embankment runnin the lenth o the 160 meter-wide corridor atween the veelage an neeboring Caesarea. The embankment wis built tae block oot noise frae the muezzin an celebratory gunfire, [2] and crack down on frequent property thefts.[3] Residents o Jisr az-Zarqa claim that the naitional pairk in the north, the embankment tae the sooth, the heich-gate tae the east an the sea tae the wast, are keepin the toun frae expandin.[3]

The municipality o Jisr al Zarka is seekin tae promote environmental tourism tae the toun an its beachfront.[4]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

The inhabitants o Jisr az-Zarqa are primarily Muslim. Thare hae been unverifeed reports o the existence o a sma commonty o idol worshipers or polytheists an aw, who are the stryndants o the auncient Canaanite an Philistine naitions.[5] The toun haes the lawest average monthly wage o ony locality in Israel at 3,800 New Israeli Sheqel (NIS), or a little ower 1,100 USD.[6] Accordin the Israel Central Bureau o Statistics, Jisr az-Zarqa haes the heichest heich schuil drop oot rates in the kintra at 12% an aw.[7][8]

A wumman frae the town, Mariam Amash, applee'd for a new identity caird in Hadera in Februar 2008, uisin a birth document issued bi the Ottoman Empire that said she wis born in 1888. If verifee'd bi the Guinness Beuk o Warld Records, this wad hae made her the auldest livin body in the warld at 120.[9][10] Mariam passed awa on 22 Dizember 2012 at the age o 124.[11]

In 1998, the first multiple kidney transplant in Israel teuk place atween a couple frae the veelage an a Jewish couple frae Jerusalem.[12]

Panoramic view o Jisr az-Zarqa

See also[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Typical sea-view street in Jisr
  1. Sacred Landscape: CHAPTER FIVE
  2. Caesarea
  3. 3.0 3.1 Long
  4. Forgotten Arab Israeli Town Gets Chance to Change Eco-Image
  5. The lost Palestinian Jews- August 20, 2009
  6. "Settlers earn double the minimum wage and more than the average wage". translated by AAD from <http://www.hagada.org.il/hagada/html/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=3819>. 2006 24 August. 
  7. "Jisr al-Zarqa, J'lem, Eilat have highest high school dropout rates". Haaretz. 2006 8 September. 
  8. "Equal opportunity? Not in our school". Haaretz. 2006 27 September. 
  9. Patience, Martin (2008-02-15). "World's 'oldest' person in Israel". BBC News (BBC MMVII). Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  10. "120 year-old woman files for identity card". Ynetnews.com. 2008-02-12. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  11. "Mariam Amash, possibly world's oldest person, dies age 124 (with video)". Ynetnews.com. 2012-12-23. Retrieved 2008-02-12. 
  12. "An Israeli and an Arab showing the way". ArabicNews.com. 1998 13 May. 

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]