Jinan

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Jinan
济南
Sub-provincial ceety
济南市
Clockwise frae tap: Jinan's Skyline, Quancheng Square, Daming Lake, Furong Street, an Five Dragon Puil
Nickname(s): Ceety o Springs (泉城)
Location o Jinan Ceety within Shandong
Jinan is located in China
Jinan
Jinan
Location in Cheenae
Coordinates: 36°40′N 116°59′E / 36.667°N 116.983°E / 36.667; 116.983
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Shandong
Coonty-level diveesions 10
Tounship diveesions 146
Government
 • Mayor Zhang Jianguo (张建国)
Area
 • Sub-provincial ceety 8,177 km2 (3,157 sq mi)
 • Metro 3,257 km2 (1,258 sq mi)
Elevation(Airport) 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2010 census provisional)
 • Sub-provincial ceety 6,814,000
 • Density 830/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,335,900
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 250000
Area code(s) 531
License plate prefixes A
GDP (2009) CNY 335.1 billion
 - per capita CNY 49391
Website www.jinan.gov.cn (Cheenese)
Ceety tree: Chinese Willow; Ceety flouer: Lotus
Jinan or Ji'nan
Traditional Cheenese
Simplifee'd Cheenese
Literal meanin south of the Ji (Waters)

Jinan (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Jǐnán; Mandarin pronunciation: [t͡ɕi˧˩nan˧˥]) is the caipital o Shandong province in Eastren Cheenae. The aurie o present-day Jinan haes played an important role in the history o the region frae the earliest beginnins o ceevilization an haes evolved intae a major naitional admeenistrative, economic, an transportation hub. The ceety, which holds sub-provincial admeenistrative status, is locatit in north-wastren Shandong aboot 400 kilometres (250 mi) sooth o the naitional caipital o Beijing, it borders Liaocheng tae the soothwast, Dezhou tae the northwast, Binzhou tae the northeast, Zibo tae the east, Laiwu tae the sootheast, an Tai'an tae the sooth.

Geografie an climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan is locatit in the north-wastren pairt o Shandong province at 36° 40 northren latitude an 116° 57′ east o Greenwich. In the relief o the region, the ceety occupies a transeetion zone atween the northren fithills o the Taishan Massif tae the sooth o the ceety an the valley o the Yellae River tae the north. Karst aquifers in limestone fairmations slopin doun frae the sooth tae the north give rise tae mony artesian springs in the ceety center as well as in surroondin auries.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan lies atween a humid subtropical an humid continental climate (Köppen Cwa/Dwa) but favorin the umwhile, wi fower well-defined saisons. The ceety is dry an nearly rainless in ware, het an rainy in simmer, crisp in hairst an dry an cauld (wi little snaw) in winter. The average annual temperatur is 14.6 °C (58.3 °F), an the annual precipitation is aroond slichtly above 670 millimetres (26.4 in), wi a strang simmer maximum, an heich variability frae year tae year. Januar is the cauldest an driest month, wi a mean temperatur o −0.4 °C (31.3 °F) an 5.7 millimetres (0.22 in) o equivalent rainfaw. Julie is the hettest an wettest month, the correspondin nummers are 27.5 °C (81.5 °F), an 201.3 mm (7.93 in).

Due tae the muntains tae the sooth o the ceety, temperatur inversions are common, occurrin on aboot 200 days per year.[1] The relatively heich precipitation for northren Cheenese staundarts, in tandem wi the topografie (muntains surroondin the ceety on three sides), leads tae particularly oppressive simmer wather an the ceety bein named as a candidate for the fowerth "furnace", c.e. Three Furnaces.[2]

Climate data for Jinan (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
6.9
(44.4)
13.3
(55.9)
21.6
(70.9)
27.1
(80.8)
31.6
(88.9)
31.9
(89.4)
30.6
(87.1)
26.9
(80.4)
21.2
(70.2)
13.0
(55.4)
6.0
(42.8)
19.5
(67.1)
Average laich °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
3.9
(39.0)
11.3
(52.3)
16.8
(62.2)
21.6
(70.9)
23.6
(74.5)
22.5
(72.5)
17.7
(63.9)
11.8
(53.2)
4.5
(40.1)
−1.7
(28.9)
10.5
(51.0)
Precipitation mm (inches) 5.7
(0.224)
8.5
(0.335)
15.3
(0.602)
27.4
(1.079)
46.6
(1.835)
78.3
(3.083)
201.3
(7.925)
170.3
(6.705)
58.5
(2.303)
36.5
(1.437)
16.2
(0.638)
8.2
(0.323)
672.8
(26.488)
humidity 53 50 47 46 50 55 72 75 64 58 56 55 56.8
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.9 3.1 3.9 5.1 6.5 8.2 13.3 11.6 6.5 4.6 3.9 3.2 72.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.9 172.4 212.8 242.9 275.2 258.2 214.5 219.0 221.1 215.1 177.1 167.6 2,546.8
Source: Cheenae Meteorological Admeenistration [3]

International relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: List of twin towns and sister cities in China

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Jinan is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]