Isfana (Исфана) is a sma toun o aboot 26,915 (2005)  at the extreme wastren end o Batken Oblast in soothren Kyrgyzstan, at the soothren fringe o the Fergana valley. Backed up against the enormous muntains in the sooth an surroondit on three sides bi Tajikistan, the toun an the nearbi veelages are lairgely cut aff frae the rest o Kyrgyzstan, makin life vera difficult. Isfana is the admeenistrative center o Leilek Rayon. The wird "isfana" is believed ae come frae the Iranian Sogdian wird "Aspanakent" which means "the land o horses".
There uised tae be a lot o factories in Isfana durin the Soviet period, but nouadays they are closed acause o the difficult economic situation in the kintra. Fowk are wirkin abroad tae mak living. Maist o them go tae Roushie, Kazakhstan an Uzbekistan.
Isfana is landlockt. It haes a sma airport that wis built durin the Soviet Union. The airport affers flichts anerlie tae the caipital Bishkek.
There are twa gymnasiums: Gymnasium #1-which is mair familiar like Kyrgyz Gymnasium an #4-Uzbek Gymnasium named efter Usman Matkarimov an several ither seicontary schuils. There is an aa an Academy o Finance an Management, which is pairt o the Bishkek Economics Academy family.
People hae lived in Isfana syne the 16t century. In 2001 Isfana wis given the title o a toun. The majority o the population o Isfana are ethnic Uzbeks - even though it is in Kyrgyzstan. It is a result o Stalin's "divide an rule" technique . You will see Uzbek touns in Kyrgyzstan an Tajik touns in Uzbekistan - in the Soviet Union borders wur drawn inconsistent wi the traditional locations o ethnic populations so that fowk wi lang-lastin claims tae land wad be dependent on a central pouer, that is Moscow, an it wad be easier tae control them. Many people in Central Asie think that they shoud mair properly be pairt o anither kintra, includin Isfana's Uzbeks.
Isfana is locatit 1 350 meters abuin sea level. The surroondins o the ceety are stunnin, includin majestic muntains (which are athin twa kilometres frae the ceety), bonnie yaylovs or jailoos (meadaes or pasture lands) an mony ithers.
- Association of Kyrgyz Cities and Towns (In Roushie)
- Bradley Mayhew, Richard Plunkett , Simon Richmond Lonely Planet Central Asia (2nd Edition) Pp. 34, 159.