Indus River

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Coordinates: 23°59′40″N 67°25′51″E / 23.99444°N 67.43083°E / 23.99444; 67.43083
Indus River (سنڌو ندي)
Satellite image o the Indus River basin
Kintras Cheenae, Indie, Pakistan
Tributaries
 - left Zanskar River, Chenab River, Sutlej River, Soan River
 - right Shyok River, Gilgit River, Kabul River, Kurram River, Gomal River
Cities Leh, Sukkur, Hyderabad
Primary source Sênggê Zangbo
 - location Tibetan Plateau, Cheenae
Secondary source Gar
 - location Tibetan Plateau, Cheenae
Mouth Arabie Sea
 - location Indus River Delta, Pakistan
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 23°59′40″N 67°25′51″E / 23.99444°N 67.43083°E / 23.99444; 67.43083
Length 3,200 km (1,988 mi)
Basin 1,165,000 km2 (449,809 sq mi)
Discharge
 - average 6,600 m3/s (233,077 cu ft/s)
Cairt o the Indus River basin

The Indus River (Urdu: درياۓ سِندھ Daryā-e Sindh) is a major river in Asia which flaws through Pakistan. It an aa haes courses through wastren Tibet in the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae as well as northren Indie. Oreeginatin in the Tibetan Plateau in the vicinity o Lake Mansarovar, the river runs a coorse through the Ladakh region o Jammu and Kashmir, taewards Gilgit an Baltistan an then flaws in a sootherly direction alang the entire length o Pakistan tae merge intae the Arabie Sea near the port ceety o Karachi in Sindh. The tot length o the river is 3,180 km (1,980 mi). It is Pakistan's langest river.

The river haes a tot drainage aurie exceedin 1,165,000 km2 (450,000 sq mi). Its estimatit annual flaw staunds at aroond 207 km3 (50 cu mi), makin it the twenty-first lairgest river in the warld in terms o annual flaw. The Zanskar is its left bank tributary in Ladakh. In the plains, its left bank tributar is the Chenab which itself haes fower major tributaries, namely, the Jhelum, the Ravi, the Beas an the Sutlej. Its principal richt bank tributaries are the Shyok, the Gilgit, the Kabul, the Gomal an the Kurram. Beginnin in a muntain ware an fed wi glaciers an rivers in the Himalayas, the river supports ecoseestems o temperate forests, plains an arid kintraside.

The Indus fairms the delta o Pakistan an Indie mentioned in the Vedic Rigveda as Sapta Sindhu an the Iranic Zend Avesta as Hapta Hindu (baith terms meanin "seven rivers"). The river haes been a soorce o wonder syne the Classical Period, wi Keeng Darius o Persie sendin Scylax o Caryanda tae explore the river as early as 510 BC.