Hulunbuir

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Hulunbuir
Kolun buir.svg
呼伦贝尔
Prefectur-level ceety
呼伦贝尔市
Hulunbuir (red) in Inner Mongolie (orange) an Cheenae
Coordinates: 49°12′N 119°42′E / 49.200°N 119.700°E / 49.200; 119.700
Kintra Cheenae
Region Inner Mongolie
Prefectur seat Hailar Destrict
Area
 • Total 263,953 km2 (101,913 sq mi)
Population (2004)
 • Total 2,710,000
 • Density 10/km2 (27/sq mi)
 • Major naitionalities Han - 81.85%
Mongols - 8.6%
Manchu - 4.13%
Time zone Cheenae Staundart (UTC+8)
Postal code 021000
Area code(s) 0470
Website http://www.hulunbeier.gov.cn/
Hulunbuir
Chinese name
Traditional Cheenese 呼倫貝爾
Simplifee'd Cheenese 呼伦贝尔
Mongolie name
Mongolie Kolun buir.svg

Hulunbuir (Mongolian: Kolun buir.svg‎, Hölün buyir; Cheenese: 呼伦贝尔; pinyin: Hūlúnbèi'ěr) is a region that is govrened as a prefectur-level ceety in northeastren Inner Mongolie, in the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. Its admeenistrative center is locatit at Hailar Destrict, its lairgest urban aurie. Major scenic featurs are the heich steppes o the Hulun Buir grasslands, the Hulun an Buir lakes (the latter pairtially in Mongolie), an the Khingan range. Hulun Buir borders Roushie, Mongolie, Heilongjiang province an Hinggan League. Hulunbuir is a linguistically diverse aurie: next tae Mandarin Cheenese, Mongolie dialects such as Khorchin an Buryat, the Mongolic leid Dagur an some Tungusic leids are spoken there.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Traditionally, Hulunbuir wis a pairt o Manchurie, and the eastern part of the area was known as Barga. From 1912-1949, during the Republic o Cheenae period (ROC), Hulunbuir wis pairt o Xing'an an Heilongjiang province. Durin the Japanese occupation o Cheenae, Hulunbuir wis annexed intae the Japanese puppet state o Manchukuo, but the ROC did no recognize this development as legal. In the Cheenese Ceevil War, the Communist Pairty o Cheenae gained the support o Inner Mongol leaders like Ulanhu bi promisin the irredentist expansion o Inner Mongolie intae auries that haed majorities o Han an Manchu fowk.[1] Efter the 1949 Communist revolution in Cheenae, Hulunbuir wis annexed intae Inner Mongolie, but the region kept economic tees tae the rest o Manchurie via the Chinese Eastern Railway.[2]

Durin the Cultural Revolution, the pairts o historic Manchurie inside Inner Mongolie wur briefly restored tae their oreeginal provinces; Hulunbuir wis given back tae Heilongjiang frae 1969 tae 1979.[2] Till October 10, 2001, Hulunbuir was admeenistered as a League. The aurie is 263,953 km2 (101,913 sq mi) an population 2.710 million as o 2004, while the gross domestic product wis RMB 21.326 billion. The jurisdiction aurie o the ceety is actually lairger than mony Cheenese provinces (an 42 U.S. states), an Hulunbuir is recognizit as the lairgest ceety in the warld bi aurie, although the actual urban agglomeration is juist a vera sma pairt o the region, an the average population density o the aurie is vera law.

Names[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis ance a league (盟) o Inner Mongolie, till 10 October 2001. Durin the Qing Dynasty, it wis kent in Mandarin as "Hūlúnbùyǔ'ěr" (呼伦布雨尔/呼倫布雨爾).

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hulunbuir is dividit intae 13 different coonty-level jurisdictions: ane destrict, five coonty-level ceeties, fower banners an three autonomous banners.

Map
Hulunbuir mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2004 est.)
Aurie (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Hailar Destrict 海拉尔区 Hǎilā'ěr Qū 260,000 1,440 181
2 Manzhouli Ceety 满洲里市 Mǎnzhōulǐ Shì 160,000 696 230
3 Zhalantun Ceety 扎兰屯市 Zhālántún Shì 440,000 16,800 26
4 Yakeshi Ceety 牙克石市 Yákèshí Shì 400,000 27,590 14
5 Genhe Ceety 根河市 Gēnhé Shì 170,000 19,659 9
6 Ergun Ceety 额尔古纳市 É'ěrgǔnà Shì 90,000 28,000 3
7 Arun Banner 阿荣旗 Āróng Qí 320,000 12,063 27
8 New Barag Richt Banner 新巴尔虎右旗 Xīnbā'ěrhǔ Yòu Qí 30,000 25,102 1
9 New Barag Left Banner 新巴尔虎左旗 Xīnbā'ěrhǔ Zuǒ Qí 40,000 22,000 2
10 Auld Barag Banner 陈巴尔虎旗 Chénbā'ěrhǔ Qí 60,000 21,192 3
11 Oroqin Autonomous Banner 鄂伦春自治旗 Èlúnchūn Zìzhìqí 280,000 59,800 5
12 Evenk Autonomous Banner 鄂温克族自治旗 Èwēnkèzú Zìzhìqí 140,000 19,111 7
13 Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner 莫力达瓦达斡尔族自治旗 Mòlìdáwǎ Dáwò'ěrzú Zìzhìqí 320,000 10,500 30
Hulunbuir's Airport

Demographics (as o 2000)[eedit | eedit soorce]

ethnic group population share
Han 2,199,645 81.85%
Mongols 231,276 8.6%
Manchu 111,053 4.13%
Daur 70,287 2.62%
Hui 30,950 1.15%
Evenks 25,418 0.95%
Koreans 8,355 0.31%
Roushies 4,741 0.18%
Oroqen 3,144 0.12%
Xibe 956 0.04%
Ither 1,403 0.05%

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bulag, Uradyn (2005). "Inner Mongolia". In Rossabi, Morris. Governing China's Multiethnic Frontiers. University of Washington Press. pp. 90–91. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shabad, Theodore (1972). China's Changing Map: National and Regional Development, 1949-71. Taylor & Francis. p. 237-239. 

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

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