Huautla de Jiménez

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Huautla de Jiménez
Municipality
Huautla de Jiménez is located in Mexico
Huautla de Jiménez
Huautla de Jiménez
Coordinates: 18°7′53″N 96°50′27″W / 18.13139°N 96.84083°W / 18.13139; -96.84083
Kintra Mexico
State Oaxaca
Municipal seat Huautla de Jiménez
Lairgest ceety Huautla de Jiménez
Area
 • Total 71.45 km2 (27.59 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 31,829
 • Density 450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
  Data source: INEGI
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Website (Spainyie)

Huautla de Jimenez is a toun an municipality in the Mexican state o Oaxaca. It is pairt o the Teotitlán Destrict in the north o the Cañada Region.

The name Huautla comes frae the Náhuatl. The toun is cried "Tejao" (also Eagle's Nest) in the Mazatec leid. "De Jiménez" wis addit tae honor General Mariano Jiménez, who wis the first govrenor o the state o Oaxaca in 1884 an the first offeecial tae arrive on Mazateca launds. He foondit the toun Huautla de Jiménez, which is nu the municipality's seat.

The oreegin o the toun is unkent, but tribute documents show that it wis the lairgest toun in the Mazatec region durin the late Postclassic period, whan the town paid tribute tae the Aztec Empire.

The toun[eedit | eedit soorce]

Mazatec weemen dancin in Huautla de Jimenez

The touristic attractions include the watterfaw o the waterin-can, the hill o Adoration, San Agustin's basement an the caves o San Antonio. Fowk visit the toun tae buy brichtly colored haund-woven fabrics made bi the native Mazatec weemen an aw, an the endemic entheogenic fungi, especially the Psilocybe mushrooms.[1]

The municipality[eedit | eedit soorce]

The municipality possesses a territorial extension o 71.45 km2. It is locatit tae the northwast o the caipital o the state o Oaxaca an it bordered tae the north bi Santa María Chilchotla an San José Tenango. Tehuacan is the nearest ceety tae this commonty an it is aboot 4 oors awa.[1]

Accordin tae the INEGI census o 2005, the total population o the municipality is o 31,829 inhabitants.[2]

Its principal economic activities are agricultur, ranchin an retail shops. The agricultur base consists o coffee, corn, succar cane an fruit-bearin trees. Ranchin consists o goats, cous, pigs, horses an mules. Retail stores include fuid shops, fruit an vegetable staunds, butchers, clothes, fuitwear, newspapers an magazines, etc. It is notit as the birthplace o María Sabina, a Mazatec curandera famous for her uise o Psilocybe mushrooms. Efter publication o an airticle titled "Seeking the Magic Mushroom," bi Robert Gordon Wasson in LIFE Magazine's 13 Mey 1957 issue,[3] a nummer o famous fowk—includin John Lennon an Bob Dylan—visitit Huautla de Jimenez, seekin the spiritual guidance o Sabina.[4]

The municipality haes a series o caverns which are the deepest in the Wastren Hemisphere, possibly in the warld, includin ’’Sistema Huautla’’, ’’Gruta Nindo Da-Ge’’, ’’Sistema Cheve’’ an the ’’Sótano de San Agustín’’, which are well kent in the spelunking warld. It haes natural springs wi crystal-blue watters an aw.[5]

The follaein commonties faw unner the govrenin jurisdiction o the toun/municipality:

5 de Mayo, Agua Arco Iris, Agua Álamo, Agua Cabeza de León, Agua Canoa, Agua Caracol, Agua Catitla, Agua de Álamo 1, Agua de Álamo 2, Agua de Carrizo, Agua de Cedro, Agua de Cerro, Agua de Cuerno, Agua de Cueva 1, Agua de Cueva 2, Agua de Estrella, Agua de Flor, Agua de Guayaba, Agua de Hueso (1 ra. Sección), Agua de Hueso (2a. Sección), Agua de la Rosa, Agua de las Flores, Agua de Llano, Agua de Lluvia, Agua de Pluma, Agua de Pozol (San Ramón), Agua de Tierra 1, Agua de Tierra 2, Agua de Tigre, Agua de Tijera, Agua de Tinta, Agua de Yerba Santa, Agua del Monte, Agua Elite (Zoo Yaá n´de), Agua Escalera, Agua Flor Fría 1, Agua Flor Fría 2, Agua Hundida, Agua Iglesia, Agua Neblina, Agua Palmera, Agua Pegado, Agua Sangre, Agua Temazcal, Barranca Seca, Barrio Loma Fortín, Camino Viejo Ayautla, Campo de Aviación Lázaro Cárdenas, Cerro Golondrina, Cerro Iglesia, Cerro Mejía, Cerro Ocote, Cerro Panteón, Cerro Zongolica, Colonia del Valle, Colonia San Rafael, Cruz de Fierro, El Carrizal, Encinal Huautla, Faustino Carrera (Rancho Encinal), Hilatepec Huautla de Jiménez, La Finca, La Providencia, Llano de Águila, Llano de Cedro, Llano de Cedro, Llano de Lodo, Llano Verde, Llano Viejo, Loma Alta, Loma Chapultepec, Loma Chilar, Loma de la Plaza, Loma de Panteón, Loma de Pasto, Loma Frutilla, Loma Maguey, Loma Nazareno, Loma Nopal, Los Pinos, Netzahualcóyotl, Nuevo Progreso 1, Nuevo Progreso 2, Palo de Marca, Patio Iglesia, Peña Campana, Peña del Sol, Peña Verde, Piedra Alta, Piedra Colorada, Plan Carlota, Plan de Arena, Plan de Basura, Plan de Escoba, Plan de Joya, Plan de Lecho, Plan de Ocote, Poza Rica San Andrés, Rancho de Cura, Rancho la Mina, Río Santiago, San Agustín Zaragoza, San Andrés Hidalgo, San Felipe, San Pedro del Río, Santa Catarina Buenavista, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz de Juárez, Sitio Largo, Villa Alta, Xochitonalco, an Zongolica

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Huautla de Jiménez" (PDF). Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  2. "INEGI". Retrieved 2008-11-07. 
  3. Wasson RG. (13 May 1957). "Seeking the magic mushroom". Life (Time Inc.): 101–20. ISSN 0024-3019. 
  4. Michiel Baud; Johanna Louisa Ypeij (2009). Cultural Tourism in Latin America: The Politics of Space and Imagery. BRILL. p. 109. ISBN 978-90-04-17640-9. 
  5. Quintanar Hinojosa, Beatriz (August 2007). "El trópico oaxaqueño". Guía México Desconocido: Oaxaca 137: 86–87.