Howrah destrict

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This airticle is aboot the destrict. For its eponymous heidquairters, see Howrah.
Howrah destrict
হাওড়া জেলা
Destrict o Wast Bengal
Location o Howrah destrict in Wast Bengal
Kintra Banner o Indie Indie
State Wast Bengal
Admeenistrative diveesion Presidency
Heidquairters Howrah
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Howrah, Uluberia, Sreerampur - partly
 • Assembly seats Bally, Howrah Uttar, Howrah Madhya, Shibpur, Howrah Dakshin, Sankrail, Panchla, Uluberia Purba, Uluberia Uttar, Uluberia Dakshin, Shyampur, Bagnan, Amta, Udaynarayanpur, Jagatballavpur, Domjur
Area
 • Total 1,467 km2 (566 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,841,638
 • Density 3,300/km2 (8,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Leeteracy 83.85 %
 • Sex ratio 935
Major heich-gates NH 6
Average annual precipitation 1461 mm
Website Offeecial wabsteid

Howrah destrict (Pron:ˈhaʊrə) (Bengali: হাওড়া জেলা) is a destrict o the Wast Bengal state in eastren Indie. It haes thoosans o years o rich heritage in the form o the great Bengali kinrick o Bhurshut. The destrict is namit efter its heidquairters, the ceety o Howrah.[1]

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Howrah destrict lees atween 22°48′ N an 22°12′ N latitudes an atween 88°23′ E an 87°50′ E langitudes.[2] The destrict is boondit bi the Hooghly River an the North 24 Parganas an Sooth 24 Parganas destricts on the east, on the north bi the Hooghly destrict (Arambagh an Shrirampur sub-diveesions), an on the sooth bi Midnapore East destrict (Tamluk sub-diveesion). On the wast Howrah destrict is bordered bi the Ghatal sub-diveesion o Midnapore Wast destrict, an pairtly bi the Arambagh sub-diveesion o Hooghly destrict tae the north-wast, an the Tamluk sub-diveesion o Midnapore East destrict tae the sooth-wast.

Boondaries o the destrict are naturally determined bi Rupnarayan River on wast an sooth-wast, an bi Bhagirathi-Hooghly river on east an sooth-east side. On north side, the boondar is an airtificial ane except for Bally Canal on north-east an Damodar River on north-wast.[3]

Annual normal rainfaw is 1461 milimeter per year. Annual maximum temperatur varies atween 32-39°C, whareas minimum temperatur varies atween 8-10°C.

Diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Admeenistrative subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Howrah destrict haes twa subdiveesions: Howrah Sadar an Uluberia. Howrah Sadar consists o Bally municipality an Howrah municipal corporation an five commonty development blocks (CD blocks): Bally–Jagacha, Domjur, Panchla, Sankrail an Jagatballavpur. Uluberia subdiveesion consists o Uluberia Municipality an nine CD blocks: Uluberia–I, Uluberia–II, Amta–I, Amta–II, Udaynarayanpur, Bagnan–I, Bagnan–II, Shyampur–I an Shyampur–II.[4]

Howrah destrict haes 1 municipal corporation in Howrah, 2 municipalities in Bally an Uluberia. Rest o the aurie unner this destrict is dividit in 14 commonty development blocks. Each block consists o landwart aurie dividit intae gram panchayats alang wi urban units like census touns.[5] This destrict haes 11 polis stations,[6] 157 gram panchayats,[7] an 50 census touns. Khalisani in Uluberia - II block an Chak Srikrishna in Sankrail block wur notit as urban ootgrowthes in census 2001.

Howrah Sadar subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

Uluberia subdiveesion[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Uluberia: municipality
  • Amta–I CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 13 gram panchayats.
  • Amta–II CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 14 gram panchayats.
  • Bagnan–I CD block consists o landwart aurie wi 10 gram panchayats an twa census touns: Khalor an Bagnan.
  • Bagnan–II CD block consists o landwart aurie wi 7 gram panchayats an ane census toun: Naupala.
  • Uluberia–I CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 9 gram panchayats. The maist important veelage is Bar-Mongrajpur unner Hatgacha-1 G.P.
  • Uluberia–II CD block consists o landwart aurie wi 8 gram panchayats an three census touns: Santoshpur, Balaram Pota an Uttar Pirpur
  • Shyampur-I CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 10 gram panchayats.
  • Shyampur-II CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 8 gram panchayats.
  • Udaynarayanpur CD block consists o landwart aurie anerly wi 11 gram panchayats.

Assembly constituencies[eedit | eedit soorce]

The destrict is dividit intae 16 assembly constituencies:[8]

  1. Bally (assembly constituency no. 161),
  2. Howrah North (assembly constituency no. 162),
  3. Howrah Central (assembly constituency no. 163),
  4. Howrah South (assembly constituency no. 164),
  5. Shibpur (assembly constituency no. 165),
  6. Domjur (assembly constituency no. 166),
  7. Jagatballavpur (assembly constituency no. 167),
  8. Panchla (assembly constituency no. 168),
  9. Sankrail (SC) (assembly constituency no. 169),
  10. Uluberia North (SC) (assembly constituency no. 170),
  11. Uluberia South (assembly constituency no. 171),
  12. Shyampur (assembly constituency no. 172),
  13. Bagnan (assembly constituency no. 173),
  14. Kalyanpur (assembly constituency no. 174),
  15. Amta (assembly constituency no. 175) and
  16. Udaynarayanpur (assembly constituency no. 176).

Sankrail an Uluberia North constituencies are reservit for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Bally, Howrah North, Howrah Central, Howrah South, Shibpur, Domjur an Sankrail constituencies form the Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency). Uluberia North, Uluberia South, Shyampur, Bagnan, Kalyanpur, Amta an Udaynarayanpur constituencies form the Uluberia (Lok Sabha constituency). Alang wi five assembly constituencies frae Hooghly destrict, Jagatballavpur an Panchla constituencies form the Serampore (Lok Sabha constituency).

Impact o delimitation o constituencies[eedit | eedit soorce]

As per order o the Delimitation Commission in respect o the delimitation o constituencies in the Wast Bengal, the destrict will be dividit intae 16 assembly constituencies:[9]

  1. Bally (assembly constituency no. 169),
  2. Howrah Uttar (assembly constituency no. 170),
  3. Howrah Madhya (assembly constituency no. 171),
  4. Shibpur (assembly constituency no. 172),
  5. Howrah Dakshin (assembly constituency no. 173),
  6. Sankrail (SC) (assembly constituency no. 174),
  7. Panchla (assembly constituency no. 175),
  8. Uluberia Purba (assembly constituency no. 176),
  9. Uluberia Uttar (SC) (assembly constituency no. 177),
  10. Uluberia Dakshin (assembly constituency no. 178),
  11. Shyampur (assembly constituency no. 179),
  12. Bagnan (assembly constituency no. 180),
  13. Amta (assembly constituency no. 181),
  14. Udaynarayanpur (assembly constituency no. 182),
  15. Jagatballavpur (assembly constituency no. 183) and
  16. Domjur (assembly constituency no. 184).

Sankrail an Uluberia North constituencies will remain reservit for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Bally, Howrah North, Howrah Central, Shibpur, Howrah South, Sankrail an Panchla constituencies will form the Howrah (Lok Sabha constituency). Uluberia East, Uluberia North, Uluberia South, Shyampur, Bagnan, Amta an Udaynarayanpur constituencies will form the Uluberia (Lok Sabha constituency). Alang wi five assembly constituencies frae Hooghly destrict, Jagatballavpur an Domjur constituencies will form the Sreerampur (Lok Sabha constituency).

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae the 2011 census Howrah destrict haes a population o 4,841,638,[10] roughly equal tae the naition o Singapore[11] or the US state o Alabama.[12] This gives it a rankin o 23rd in Indie (oot o a total o 640).[10] The destrict haes a population densitie o 3,300 inhabitants per square kilometre (8,500 /sq mi) .[10] Its population growthe rate ower the decade 2001-2011 wis 13.31%.[10] Haora haes a sex ratio o 935 females for ivery 1000 males,[10] an a leeteracy rate o 83.85%.[10]

Total aurie in Howrah destrict is 1467 km2. Total population is 4,273,099 as per census 2001 records. 57.91% o the population live in Howrah Sadar subdiveesion an rest 42.09% live in Uluberia subdiveesion. Population densitie: 2913 per km2.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Howrah
  2. Geographical data on Howrah District
  3. Howrah District page on Government website
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Area and Population information on Howrah District". Official website of Howrah District from Portal of Government of India. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  5. "Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  6. "Census of India 2001, Final Population Totals, West Bengal, Rural Frame". West Bengal. Directorate of census operations. Retrieved 2008-11-11. [deid airtin]
  7. "Directory of District, Sub division, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal, March 2008". West Bengal. National Informatics Centre, India. 2008-03-19. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  8. "General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies". West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  9. "Press Note, Delimitation Commission". Assembly Constituencies in West Bengal. Delimitation Commission. Retrieved 2008-11-19. 
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  11. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est." 
  12. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Alabama 4,779,736" 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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