Holguín

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Holguín
Municipality
Vikas Street in Holguín
Holguín is located in Cuba
Holguín
Location o Holguín in Cuba
Coordinates: 20°53′19″N 76°15′26″W / 20.88861°N 76.25722°W / 20.88861; -76.25722
Kintra  Cuba
Province Holguín
Established 1523[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 655.9 km2 (253.2 sq mi)
Elevation 150 m (490 ft)
Population (2004)[3]
 • Total 326,740
 • Density 490.6/km2 (1,271/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-24

Holguín (Spainyie pronunciation: [olˈɣin]) is a municipality an ceety, the caipital o the Cuban Province o Holguín. It an aw includes a tourist aurie, afferin beach resorts in the ootskirts o the region.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis foondit as San Isidoro de Holguín in 1545,[4] an it is namit efter its foonder Caiptain García Holguín, a Spainyie military officer. Afore 1976, Holguín wis locatit in the province o Oriente.

Infrastructure[eedit | eedit soorce]

San José Kirk

Thare are several sma ceety pairks sicna Parque Infantil, Parque San Jose, Parque San Isidoro, Parque Marti amang ithers, maist central the Calixto García in the dountoun aurie. Near aboots ane fynds the galleries Centro Provincial de Arte an Bayado, a library, the club Casa de la Trova, the Martí cinema, the Theatre Eddy Suñol, the Province Museum La Periquera, a science museum, an a history museum. Frae the hill Loma de la Cruz, whaur a lairge crucifix is instawed, that can be ascendit bi its 450 stairs, ane can owersee the hale ceety.

Holguín haes a basebaw stadium. The Frank País Internaitional Airport (ceety code HOG) is connectit tae Havana an several ither warld destinations.

The municipality is dividit intae the barrios o Aguarás, Aguas Claras, Alcalá, Arroyo Blanco del Sur, Báguanos, Cabezuelas, Cacocún, Calderón, Camazán, Cauto del Cristo, Corralillo, Cruces de Purnio, Damián, Floro Pérez, Guabasiabo, Guayabal, Guirabo, Haticos del Purial, La Aguada, La Cuaba, La Palma, La Rioja, Las Calabazas, Managuaco, Melones, Norte, Omaja, Purnio, San Agustín, San Andrés, San Francisco, San Juan, San Lorenzo, Santa Rita, Sur, Tacámara, Tasajeras, Uñas, Uñitas, Velasco, Yareyal an Yayal.[1]

The main seicontary eddication institution is the University o Holguín.

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The brewery Cerveceria Bucanero - a jynt ventur wi Labatt o Canadae - is based in the ceety. It maks three braunds o beer (Bucanero, Cristal an Mayabe) sauld in convertible pesos.

Near Holguín, the Villa El Quinque an the Villa El Cocal are warld-renouned centres for addictions treatment, receivin patients frae aroond the warld. Argentine soccer starn Diego Maradona wis treatit for his cocaine addiction thare. The popular Playa Pesquero (Fishin Boat Beach) is locatit on the coast north o Holguín ceety, aboot an oor's drive frae the Internaitional Airport.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2004, the municipality o Holguín haed a population o 326,740,[3] makkin it the fowert lairgest ceety in Cuba in terms o population. Wi a total aurie o 666 km2 (257 sq mi)[2] it haes a population densitie o 490.6 /km2 (1,271 /sq mi).

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Holguín is served bi Frank País Airport (HOG/MUHG), locatit at 20°47´08"N, 076°18´54"W.

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Guije.com. "Holguín". Retrieved 2007-10-05.  (Spainyie)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Statoids. "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-05. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-05.  (Spainyie)
  4. Guije.com (September 2004). "Ciudad de Holguin". Retrieved 2007-02-17. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]