Herāt (Persian: هرات Pashto: هرات) is the caipital o Herat province in Afghanistan. It is the third lairgest ceety o Afghanistan, wi a population o aboot 397,456. It is situatit in the valley o the Hari River, whilk flows frae the muntains o central Afghanistan tae the Karakum Desert in Turkmenistan. The ceety is linked wi Kandahar, Mazar-i-Sharif an Kabul via a circular heichwey that stretches athort the kintra.
Situatit in a fertile aurie, Herāt is aboot 2,700 years auld an wis traditionally kent for its wine. The ceety haes mony historic biggins, although thir hae suffered damage in various military conflicts durin the last few decades. Durin the Middle Ages Herāt became ane o the important ceeties o Khorasan, as it wis kent as the Pearl o Khorasan.
Herāt lies on the auncient trade routes o the Middle East, Central an Sooth Asie. The roads frae Herāt tae Iran, Turkmenistan, an ither parts of the country are still strategically important. The ceety is the gateway tae Iran, collectin the heichest amoont o customs revenue for Afghanistan. Persian-speakin Tajiks are the main indwallers o the ceety, an are roughly the same as the Persians o Eastren Iran.
- "B. Demography and Population". Afghanistan Statistical Yearbook 2006, Central Statistics Office. Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
- For example, Rumi uses the following words to describe Herat:
گر کسی پرسد ز تو کز شهر ها خوشتر کدام
گر جواب راست خواهی گفتن او را گو: هری
اين جهان را همچو دريا دان، خراسان را صدف
در ميان اين صدف، شهر هری چون گوهری
If someone asks you which city is the most beautiful;
Say it is "Harī," if you want to give him the correct answer;
Think of this world as a river, and Khorasan a shell;
Inside the shell, Hari is the pearl.
- "Bomb blast hits west Afghan city". BBC News. August 3, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2010.
- H. F. Schurmann, The Mongols of Afghanistan: an Ethnography of the Moghols and Related Peoples of Afghanistan. The Hague: Mouton, 1962: Jstor.org; p. 75: "... the Tajiks of Western Afghanistan [are] roughly the same as the Khûrâsânî Persians on the other side of the line ..."
- Afghanistan's Provinces– Herat at NPS.edu
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