Helmand (Pashto/Dari: هلمند) is ane o the 34 provinces o Afghanistan. It is in the soothwast o the kintra. Its caipital is Lashkar Gah. The Helmand River flows through the mainly desert region, providin watter for irrigation.
Helmand is the warld's lairgest opium-producin region, responsible for 75% o the warld's total production. This is mair than the whole o Burma, which is the seicont lairgest producin naition efter Afghanistan. Afghan opium accounts for mair than 90% o the global supply.
The Helmand valley region is mentioned bi name in the Avesta (Fargard 1:13) as Haetumant, ane o the early centers o the Zoroastrian faith, in pre-Islamic Afghan history. Housomeivver, awin tae the preponderance o non-Zoroastrians (Hindus an Buddhists), the Helmand an Kabul regions wur an aw kent as "White Indie" in those days. Some Vedic scholars (eg. Kochhar 1999) an aw believe the Helmand valley corresponds tae the Sarasvati aurie mentioned in the Rig Veda as the hameland for the Indo-Aryan migrations intae Indie, ca. 1500 BC.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Pat McGeough (2007-03-05). "Where the poppy is king". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 2010-02-03. "More than 90 per cent of the province's arable land is choked with the hardy plant. A 600-strong, US-trained eradication force is hopelessly behind schedule on its target for this growing season in Helmand - to clear about a third of the crop, which is estimated to be a head-spinning 70,000 hectares."
- "Afghanistan still the largest producer of opium: UN report". Zee News. Archived from the original on 2010-02-03. "She said opium cultivation is concentrated in the south of the country, with just one province ‘Helmand’ accounting for 42 percent of all the illicit production in the world. Many of the provinces with the highest levels of production also have the worst security problems."
- Vendidad 1, at Avesta.org
- Kochhar, Rajesh, 'On the identity and chronology of the Ṛgvedic river Sarasvatī' in Archaeology and Language III; Artefacts, languages and texts, Routledge (1999), ISBN 0-415-10054-2.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Helmand Province.|
- USAID information
- Provincial Govrenment steid
- Op/Ed by Holly Barnes Higgins who spent a year in Helmand wi USAID
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