Hagen

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Hagen
Town Hall and Square

Flag

Coat of arms
Hagen is located in Germany
Hagen
Hagen
Coordinates: 51°22′N 07°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483Coordinates: 51°22′N 07°29′E / 51.367°N 7.483°E / 51.367; 7.483
Kintra Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalie
Admin. region Arnsberg
Destrict urban destrict
Government
 • Laird Mayor Jörg Dehm (CDU)
Area
 • Total 160.4 km2 (61.9 sq mi)
Elevation 106 m (348 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 185,996
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 58000-58139
Diallin codes 02331, 02334, 02337
Vehicle registration HA
Website www.hagen.de

Hagen is the 39t-lairgest ceety in Germany, locatit in the federal state o North Rhine-Westphalie. It is locatit on the eastren edge o the Ruhr, 15 km sooth o Dortmund, whaur the rivers Lenne, Volme an Ennepe meet the river Ruhr. As o 31 Dizember 2010 the population wis 188,529. The ceety is hame tae the FernUniversität Hagen, which is the anerlie state fundit distance education university in Germany. Coontin mair than 67,000 students (Mairch 2010), it is the lairgest university in Germany. [1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hagen wis first mentioned ca. 1200, presumably the name o a ferm at the junction o the Volme an the Ennepe. Efter the conquest o Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen passed tae the Coonty o Mark. In 1614 it wis awairdit tae the Margraviate o Brandenburg accordin tae the Treaty o Xanten. In 1701 it became pairt o the Kinrick o Proushie.

Efter the defeat o Proushie in the Fowert Coalition, Hagen wis incorporatit intae the Grand Duchy o Berg frae 1807–13. In 1815 it became pairt o the new Proushie Province o Westphalie.

The growthe o the ceety began in the 19t century wi the minin o coal an the production o steel in the Ruhr. It wis the scene o fechtin durin the Ruhr Uprisin, 13 Mairch - 2 Aprile 1920 an haes a monument tae the Ruhr Red Airmy.

In 1928 Hagen developit intae a ceety o mair than 100,000 inhabitants.

On the nicht o 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters an 8 Mosquitos frae the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attackit the ceety. Accordin tae the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost." Severe damage wis caused.

Efter Warld War II the ceety became pairt o the new state o North Rhine-Westphalie.

Economie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Awin tae the extensive uise o watter pouer alang the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme an Ennepe, metal processin played an important role in the region o Hagen in an even afore the 15t century.

In the 17t an 18t century, textile an steel industries as well as paper production follaeed.

Hagen is the hame o the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer.

The ceety is hivily indebtit an in the process o cuttin ceety services in order tae balance its budget.

Attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hagen is hame tae the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen Open-air Museum, a collection o historic industrial facilities whaur trades such as printin, brewin, smithin, millin, an mony ithers are representit no simply as static displays, but as livin, wirkin operations that visitors mey in some cases even be invitit tae pairticipate in. It is locatit near the Hagen commonty o Eilpe. The Historical Center contains the Museum o the ceety an the Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen the auldest fossils o modren fowk in Wastphalie an the Ruhr wur foond. They are datit tae the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C.

Panoramic view o Hagen (taken frae urban forest o Hagen)

Burghs[eedit | eedit soorce]

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17t century)
Burgh Population
Oct 2007
Aurie
in km²
Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20,5
Hagen-Nord 38.451 29,6
Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22,2
Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51,1
Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37,0

some localities o Hagen:

Traffic[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shuntin yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1, A45 an A46 touch Hagen.

Hagen haes been an important rail junction for the sootheastren Ruhr glen syne the first rail line opened in 1848. The shuntin yard o Hagen-Vorhalle is amang Germany's lairgest, an the central station affers connections tae the ICE netwirk o Deutsche Bahn as well as to local an S-Bahn services. Syne December 2005, Hagen haes been the stairtin point for a new service intae Essen, operatit bi Abellio Rail.

Local traffic is handled bi Hagener Straßenbahn (Hagen Tramways), which, despite its name, affers anerlie bus services, as the last tramwey in Hagen went oot o service at 29/05/1976. Aw local rail an bus services operate unner the transport association VRR.

Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen

Sport clubs in Hagen:

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Hagen is twinned wi the follaein touns:

Personalities[eedit | eedit soorce]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]