Guayas Province

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Guayas
Province
Province o Guayas

Flag

Coat of arms
Location o Guayas in Ecuador.
Cantons o Guayas Province
Kintra Ecuador
Established 1820
Caipital Guayaquil
Cantons Leet o Cantons
Government
 • Provincial Prefect Jimmy Jairala
Area
 • Total 16,803 km2 (6,488 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,645,483
 • Density 220/km2 (560/sq mi)
Website www.guayas.gob.ec

Guayas is a coastal province in Ecuador. It is bordered tae the wast bi Manabí, Santa Elena, an the Paceefic Ocean (as the Gulf o Guayaquil); tae the east bi Los Ríos, Bolívar, Chimborazo, Cañar, an Azuay; tae the north bi Los Ríos an Bolívar; an tae the sooth bi El Oro an the Paceefic Ocean.

Wi a population o ower 3 million fowk, it is the maist populous province in Ecuador. It is the fowert lairgest province in the kintra in terms o aurie. The lairgest ceety o Ecuador, Guayaquil, is locatit athin the province.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guayas' natural terrain is vera diverse. The province haes nae elevations, except for the Coastal Range, which stairts in Guayaquil an goes tae Manabí. The auries wast o the Coastal Range are desertic, wi an average temperatur o 23°C. The auries east o the range belang tae the Guayas Watershed. They are quite humid an fertile, especially in the north o the province, wi an average temperatur o 30°C in the humid saison (December–Mey) an 25°C in the dry saison (Juin–November).

Hydrography[eedit | eedit soorce]

The maist important river in the province is the Daule River, which flows frae the north tae join the Babahoyo River tae form the Guayas river. The province is pairt o the lairgest river basin in Sooth Americae wast o the Andes Muntains.

Roads[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guayas haes its awn seestem for numberin roads. Housomeivver, this seestem is unkent for maist residents, so it is no regularly uised.

The inter-provincial roads are an aa numbered wi the naitional seestem. Even routes travel north-sooth; odd routes travel east-wast. The inter-provincial roads that cross the province are the follaein:

  • Ecuador Heich-gate 15 (Vía del Pacífico; Paceefic Wey)
  • Ecuador Heich-gate 25 (Troncal de la Costa; Coastal Main Wey)
  • Ecuador Heich-gate 40 (Transversal Austral; Austral Crossin Wey)

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Pre-Hispanic culturs[eedit | eedit soorce]

The native cultur livin in Guayas is the Huancavilca Cultur. Exactly afore the European discovery o Americae, the Huancavilca Cultur wis livin in the province. They are the ancestors o a lairge pairt o the population o the province.

Spainyie conquest an unthirldom[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guayaquil wis foondit on August 14, 1534 (its foundation is celebrated on July 25). Durin the Spainyie conquest, Guayaquil became ane o the maist important ports in Sooth Americae. The ceety became free on October 9, 1820, an the Guayaquil Depairtment (ane o the oreeginal subdiveesions o Ecuador) wis foondit suin efterwards. It consistit on the Manabí Province, an the Guayaquil Province, which wis later renamed Guayas. The Guayaquil Province includit the territory o what nou is Peruvian Tumbes, an the day's Los Ríos an El Oro. The provinces wur separatit frae Guayas in 1860 an 1884, respectively.

Urbanization[eedit | eedit soorce]

In recent decades, there haes been a massive exit frae rural auries tae the main ceeties (especially Guayaquil). This haes creatit a problem in Guayaquil, as maist o the migrants muive tae municipal auries, creatin shantytouns, wi nae services like water or electricity.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Guayas is the maist populous province in the kintra. The estimatit population o the province in 2003 wis aboot 3,360,000 fowk. A lairge percentage o the population are mestizos, i.e. descendants o baith Spainyie an indigenous fowks, there are an aa big communities o fowk that descend frae Italians, Lebanese an German fowk.

Poleetical diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

The province is dividit intae 25 cantons. The follaein table leets each wi its population as o the 2001 census, its aurie in square kilometres (km²), an the name o the canton seat or caipital.[1]

Canton Pop. (2001) Aurie (km²) Seat/Caupital
Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (Jujan) 19,982 216 Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno (a.k.a. Jujan)
Balao 17,262 465 Balao
Balzar (San Jacinto de Balzar) 48,470 1,173 Balzar
Colimes 21,049 758 Colimes
Coronel Marcelino Maridueña 11,054 255 Coronel Marcelino Maridueña
Daule 85,148 462 Daule
Durán 178,714 339 Durán
El Empalme 64,789 711 El Empalme (a.k.a. Velasco Ibarra
El Triunfo 34,117 389 El Triunfo
General Antonio Elizalde (Bucay) 8,696 152 General Antonio Elizalde (a.k.a. Bucay)
Guayaquil 2,039,789 5,237 Guayaquil
Isidro Ayora 8,226 492 Isidro Ayora
Lomas de Sargentillo 14,194 67 Lomas de Sargentillo
Milagro 140,103 401 Milagro
Naranjal 53,482 2,015 Naranjal
Naranjito 31,756 226 Naranjito
Nobol 14,753 128 Nobol (a.k.a. Narcisa de Jesús)
Palestina 14,067 194 Palestina
Pedro Carbo 36,711 927 Pedro Carbo
Playas (General Villamil Playas) 30,045 269 Playas (a.k.a. General Villamil Playas)
Salitre (was Urbina Jado) 50,379 390 El Salitre
Samborondón 45,476 388 Samborondón
Santa Lucía 33,868 348 Santa Lucía
Simón Bolívar 20,385 289 Simón Bolívar
Yaguachi 47,630 512 Yaguachi (San Jacinto de Yaguachi)

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cantons of Ecuador. Statoids.com. Retrieved 4 November 2009.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 2°12′00″S 79°58′00″W / 2.2°S 79.9667°W / -2.2; -79.9667