Giant panda

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Giant panda
Grosser Panda.JPG
Giant panda at Ocean Park, Hong Kong
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Genus: Ailuropoda
Species: A. melanoleuca
Binomial name
Ailuropoda melanoleuca
(David, 1869)
Subspecies
Giant panda range

The panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, lit. "black an white cat-fit"),[2] an aa kent as the giant panda tae distinguish it frae the unrelatit reid panda, is a beir[3] native tae central-wastren an sooth wastren Cheenae.[4] It is easily recognized bi the lairge, distinctive black patches aroond its ees, ower the ears, an athort its roond body. Though it belangs tae the order Carnivora, the panda's diet is 99% bamboo.[5] Pandas in the wild will occasionally eat ither grasses, wild tubers, or even meat in the fairm o birds, rodents or carrion. In captivity, thay mey receive honey, eggs, fish, yams, shrub leaves, oranges, or bananas alang wi specially prepared fuid.[6][7]

The giant panda lives in a few muntain ranges in central Cheenae, mainly in Sichuan province, but an aa in the Shaanxi an Gansu provinces.[8] As a result o fairming, deforestation an ither development, the panda haes been driven oot o the lawland auries whaur it ance lived.

The panda is a conservation reliant endangered species.[4] A 2007 report shaws 239 pandas livin in captivity inside Cheenae an anither 27 ootside the kintra.[9] Wild population estimates vary; ane estimate shaws that thare are aboot 1,590 individuals livin in the wild,[9] while a 2006 study via DNA analysis estimatit that this figur could be as heich as 2,000 tae 3,000.[10] Some reports an aa shaw that the nummer o pandas in the wild is on the rise.[11][12] However, the IUCN daes nae believe there is enough certainty yet tae reclassify the species frae Endangered tae Vulnerable.[1]

While the dragon haes eften served as Cheenae's naitional emblem, internaitionally the panda appears at least as commonly. As such, it is acomin widely uised within Cheenae in internaitional contexts, for example the five Fuwa mascots o the Beijing Olympics.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lü, Z, Wang, D. & Garshelis, D.L. (IUCN SSC Bear Specialist Group) (2008). "Ailuropoda melanoleuca". IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Version 2009.1. Internaitional Union for Conservation o Naiture. Retrieved 5 October 2009. 
  2. Scheff, Duncan (2002). Giant Pandas. Animals of the rain forest (illustrated ed.). Heinemann-Raintree Library. p. 7. ISBN 0-7398-5529-8. 
  3. Lindburg, Donald G.; Baragona, Karen (2004). Giant Pandas: Biology and Conservation. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-23867-2. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Global Species Programme – Giant panda". World Wildlife Fund. 14 November 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  5. Quote: "Bamboo forms 99 percent of a panda's diet", "more than 99 percent of their diet is bamboo": p. 63 of Lumpkin & Seidensticker 2007 (as seen in the 2002 edition).
  6. "Giant Panda". Discovery Communications, LLC. Retrieved 8 August 2010. 
  7. "Giant Pandas". National Zoological Park. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  8. Scheff, Duncan (2002). Giant Pandas. Animals of the rain forest (illustrated ed.). Heinemann-Raintree Library. p. 8. ISBN 0-7398-5529-8. 
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Number of pandas successfully bred in China down from last year". Xinhua. 8 November 2007. Retrieved 22 July 2008. 
  10. Briggs, Helen (20 June 2006). "Hope for future of giant panda". BBC News. Retrieved 14 February 2007. 
  11. "Giant panda gives birth to giant cub". Today.reuters.com. Retrieved 14 March 2009. 
  12. Warren, Lynne (July 2006). "Pandas, Inc.". National Geographic. Retrieved 10 April 2008. 

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