Fureidis

Frae Wikipedia
Lowp tae: navigation, rake
Fureidis
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu פֻרֵידִיס
 • ISO 259 P̄ureidis
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic فريديس
Fureidis seen frae Heich-gate 4
Fureidis is located in Israel
Fureidis
Fureidis
Coordinates: 32°35′47.55″N 34°57′2.16″E / 32.5965417°N 34.9506000°E / 32.5965417; 34.9506000
Destrict Haifa
Foondit 1880
Government
 • Type Local cooncil
Area
 • Total 2,690 dunams (2.69 km2 or 1.04 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 10,000

Fureidis (also Freidis) is an Israeli Arab toun in the Haifa Destrict o Israel. It receivit local cooncil status in 1952.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Fureidis wis established in the 19t century. The name is believit tae come frae the Arabic (firdawis), meanin little Garden o Eden, borraeed frae the Persie paradise. [1] In 1859, the Inglis consul Rogers estimatit the population tae be 200, who cultivatit 18 feddans o laund. Bi 1880s, The Survey of Western Palestine describit the place as a veelage o mud an stane at the fuit o the hill, wi a well tae the sooth.[2] Fureidis is ane o the few Arab veelages on Israel’s coast left intact efter the 1948 war. [3]

Demografics[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o the census o 2008, Fureidis haed 10,800 residents, o which 99.6% wur Muslim.[4]

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Accordin tae data released bi the Israeli Meenistry o Education based on a 2008 census o heich schuil matriculation scores, Fureidis haed a 75.85% eligibility rate, greatly exceedin the accomplishments o maist Jewish touns. The naitional eligibility rate in 2008-2009 wis 44.4 percent o aw 17-year-aulds. Fureidis wan third place in the naitional rankin. Hossni Abu Dahash, the toun's heich schuil principal, said the schuil haed organisit a marathon study program tae prepare 12t graders for their matriculation exam.[5]

Airchaeological findins[eedit | eedit soorce]

View o Fureidis

In Dizember 1999, a cave abuin the auld pairt o Fureidis on the wastren slope o the Carmel wis foond tae contain fragments o pottery frae the Chalcolithic period, includin lairge bowls, jars, ossuar fragments an a pale pink limestane pendant. It appears to hae been uised as a dwellin an a burial cave. The airtifacts in the cave attest tae the presence o a dounset frae the pre-Ghassulian period. [6]

Peace activism[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ibtisam Mahammed o Fureidis wis awairdit the Dalai Lama's Unsung Heroes of Compassion prize for her efforts tae promote peace atween Arabs an Jews. [7]For mony years Mahammed haes been organisin Jewish an Arab weemen's circles tae promote dialogue. She heids several weemen's peace organisations an haes focht on behauf o battered weemen in Arab society. [8]

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The Forward, article about Paradise Lost
  2. Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP II, p.41.
  3. The Forward, article about Paradise Lost
  4. "Population Profile Fureidis". Central Bureau of Statistics, Israel. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  5. Matriculation gap widens, Haaretz
  6. El-Fureidis excavation
  7. Israel's unsung female heroes
  8. Israel's unsung female heroes

External sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]