First Crusade

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First Crusade
Pairt o the Crusades
A depiction o the capture o Jerusalem in 1099 frae a medieval manuscript. The burnin biggins o Jerusalem are centered in the image. The various crusaders are surroondin an besiegin the veelage airmed for an attack.
The captur o Jerusalem marked the First Crusade's success
Date 1096 - 1099
Location Near East (Anatolie, Levant, Palestine)
Result Decisive Crusader victory
Territorial
changes
Kinrick o Jerusalem an ither Crusader states creatit
Belligerents
Christendom:
Muslim warld:
Commanders an leaders
Godfrey o Bouillon

Raymond IV o Toulouse
Stephen II o Blois
Baldwin o Boulogne
Eustace III o Boulogne
Robert II o Flanders
Adhemar o Le Puy
Hugh I o Vermandois
Robert II o Normandy
Bohemond o Taranto
Tancred o Taranto
Alexios I Komnenos
Tatikios
Manuel Boutoumites
Guglielmo Embriaco
Constantine I

Kilij Arslan I

Yaghi-Siyan
Kerbogha
Duqaq
Fakhr al-Mulk Radwan
Ghazi ibn Danishmend
Iftikhar ad-Daula
Al-Afdal Shahanshah

Strength
Crusaders:

~ 35,000 men

  • 30,000 infantry
  • 5,000 cavalry

Byzantines:
~ 2,000 men[1]

Unkent
Casualties an losses
Heich Heich

The First Crusade (1096–1099) stairtit as a widespread pilgrimage (Fraunce an Germany) an endit as a militar expedeetion bi Roman Catholic Europe tae regain the Holy Lands taken in the Muslim conquests o the Levant (632–661), ultimately resultin in the recaptur o Jerusalem in 1099. It wis launched on 27 November 1095 bi Pape Urban II wi the primary goal o respondin tae an appeal frae Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos, who requestit that wastren volunteers come tae his aid an help tae repel the invadin Seljuq Turks frae Anatolie. An addeetional goal soon acame the principal objective—the Christian reconquest o the sacred ceety o Jerusalem an the Holy Land an the freein o the Eastren Christians frae Muslim rule.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Nicolle 2003, pp. 21 and 32.