The Ferrari F40 is a mid-ingine, rear-wheel drive, twa-door coupé sports caur produced bi Ferrari frae 1987 tae 1992 as the successor tae the Ferrari 288 GTO. Frae 1987 tae 1989 it held the title as the warld's fastest street-legal production caur, an durin its years f production, wis Ferrari's fastest, maist pouerful, an maist expensive caur. The caur haed nae traction control, an wis ane o the few tae utilize turbochairgers.
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Ostensibly, the F40 was not conceived as the successor tae the 288 GTO an designed tae compete wi vehicles such as the Porsche 959 an Lamborghini Countach; for Ferrari management, the vehicle wis a major statement piece. Ower a period o several years prior tae the F40's conception, the company's dominance in racin haed waned significantly, an even in Formula Ane, an arena they haed ance dominatit, victories haed become sparse. Enzo Ferrari haed recently turned 90 years auld, an wis keenly aware that time wis no on his side. He wanted his new sports car to serve as his final statement-maker, a vehicle encompassing the best in track-developed technology and capable of being a showcase for what the Ferrari engineers were capable of creating. The company's upcoming 40th anniversary provided just the right occasion for the car to debut.
As he haed predictit it wad be, the F40 wis the last caur tae be commissioned bi Enzo afore his daith.
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As early as 1984, the Maranello factory haed begun development o an evolution model o the 288 GTO intendit tae compete against the 959 in FIA Group B. Housomeivver, when the FIA brought an end tae the Group B category for the 1986 saison, Enzo wis left wi five 288 GTO Evoluzione development caurs, an nae series in which tae campaign them. Enzo's desire tae leave a legacy in his final supercaur alloued the Evoluzione program tae be further developed tae produce a caur exclusively for road uise.
Drivetrain an suspension
Pouer came frae an enlairged, 2.9 L (2936 cc) version o the GTO's twin IHI turbochairged V8 developin 478 PS (352 kW; 471 hp) unner 110 kPa (16 psi) o boost. The F40 did athoot a catalytic converter till 1990 when US regulations made them a requirement for emissions control raisons. The flankin exhaust pipes guide exhaust gases frae each bank o cylinders while the central pipe guides gases released frae the wastegate o the turbochairgers.
The suspension setup wis similar tae the GTO's double wishbone setup, though mony pairts wur upgradit an settings wur chynged; the unuisually law grund clearance promptit Ferrari tae include the ability tae raise the vehicle's grund clearance when necessary.
Body an interior
The body wis an entirely new design bi Pininfarina featurin panels made o kevlar, carbon fiber, an aluminum for strength an law weight, an intense aerodynamic testin wis employed (see belaw). Weight wis further minimized through the uise o a plastic windshield an windaes an nae carpets, soond seestem, or door handles wur installed although the caurs did hae air conditionin. The first 50 caurs produced haed slidin Lexan windaes, although newer windaes that coud be rolled doun wur installed intae later caurs.
The F40 wis designed wi aerodynamics in mynd, an is vera muckle a creation o its time. For speed the caur relied mair on its shape than its pouer. Frontal aurie wis reduced, an airflow greatly smoothed, but stability rather than terminal velocity wis a primary concern. So too wis coolin as the forced induction ingine generatit a great deal o heat. In consequence, the caur wis somewha like an open-wheel racin caur wi a body. It had a partial unnertray tae smooth airflow beneath the radiator, front section, an the cabin, an a seicont ane wi diffusers ahint the motor, but the ingine bay wis no sealed. Nanetheless, the F40 haed an impressively law Cd o 0.34 wi lift controlled bi its spoilers an wing.
The factory niver intendit tae race the F40, but the caur saw competition as early as 1989 when it debuted in the Laguna Seca roond o the IMSA, appearin in the GTO category, wi a LM evolution model driven bi Jean Alesi, finishin third tae the twa faster spaceframed fower wheel drive Audi 90 an beatin a host o ither factory backed spaceframe specials that dominatit the races. Despite lack o factory backin, the caur wad suin hae anither successful saison there unner a host o guest drivers such as Jean-Pierre Jabouille, Jacques Laffite an Hurley Haywood takin a total o three seicont places an ane third.
Although the F40 wad no return tae IMSA for the follaein saison, it wad later be a popular choice bi privateers tae compete in numerous domestic GT series includin JGTC. In 1994, the caur made its debut in internaitional competitions, wi ane caurs campaigned in the BPR Global GT Series bi Strandell, winnin at the 4 Hours of Vallelunga. In 1995, the number o F40s climbed tae fower, developed independently bi Pilot-Aldix Racing (F40 LM) an Strandell (F40 GTE, racin unner the Ferrari Club Italia banner), winnin the 4 Hours of Anderstorp. Nae langer competitive against the McLaren F1 GTR, the Ferrari F40 returned for anither year in 1996, managin tae repeat the previous year's Anderstorp win, an frae then on it wis nae langer seen in GT racin.
The F40 wis discontinued in 1992 an in 1995 wis succeedit bi the F50, which remained competitive till a newer generation o factory-backed GT1 caurs came alang.
The F40's licht weight o 1,100 kg (2,425 lb) an heich pouer ootput o 478 PS (352 kW; 471 hp) at 7000 rpm gave the vehicle tremendous performance potential. Road tests hae produced 0–100 km/h (0–62 mph) times as low as 3.8 seconds (while the track anerlie version came in at 3.2 seconds), wi 0–160 km/h (0–99 mph) in 7.6 seconds an 0–200 km/h (0–120 mph) in 11 seconds givin the F40 a slicht advantage in acceleration ower the Porsche 959, its primary competitor at the time.
The F40 wis the first road legal production caur tae break the 200 mph (320 km/h) barrier. Frae its introduction in 1987 till 1989 its anerlie competitors wur the Porsche 959 an the 1988 Lamborghini Countach (it wis later owertaken bi the Lamborghini Diablo, it held the record as the warld's fastest production caur, wi a top speed o 200 mph (320 km/h). Durin the 2006 Bonneville Speed Week, Amir Rosenbaum o Spectre Performance managed tae take his F40 wi sma boost an air intake modifications tae 226 miles per hour (364 km/h).