Faro, Portugal

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Faro (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈfaɾu]) is the soothmaist ceety in Portugal. It is locatit in the Faro Municipality in soothren Portugal.[1] The ceety proper haes 41,934[2] inhabitants an the entire municipality haes 58,305. It is the seat o the Faro Destrict an caipital o the Algarve region. The Algarve an Faro destrict cover the same territory.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faro Cathedral.
Faro is the chief ceety in the Portuguese region o Algarve.

The Ria Formosa lagoon attractit human occupants frae the Palaeolithic age till the end o pre-history. Durin that time a settlement grew up – Ossonoba – which wis an important toun durin the hert period o Roman occupation an, accordin tae historians, the forerunner o present-day Faro. From the 3rd century onwards and during the Visigothic period it wis the steid o an Episcopal see.

Wi the advent o Moorish rule in the 8t century Ossonoba retained its status as the maist important toun in the soothwast corner o the Iberian Peninsula. In the 9t century it became the caipital o a short-lived principality an wis fortifee'd wi a ring o defensive waws. At this time the name Santa Maria began tae be uised insteid o Ossonoba. Later on the toun wis kent as Harun (frae a local Muslim chieftain), hence its current name, Faro. Durin the 500 years o Moorish rule there wur some Jewish inhabitants in Faro who wrote copies o the Old Testament. Ane o Faro's historical names in Arabic is أخشونبة. The Moors wur defeatit bi the forces o the Portuguese Keeng Afonso III in 1249. Wi the decline o the importance o the ceety o Silves, Faro teuk ower the role o admeenistration o the Algarve aurie.

The Earl o Essex sacked the toun in 1596 an seized the library o the Bishop o Faro. These beuks wur later donatit tae the University o Oxford, becomin pairt of the Bodleian Library.

Lagos haed become the caipital o the historical province o Algarve in 1577 an remained so till 1756, the year follaein the destruction o muckle o the toun bi the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The earthquake damaged several auries in the Algarve, whaur a tsunami dismantled some coastal fortresses an, in the lawer levels, razed hooses. Amaist aw the coastal touns an veelages o the Algarve wur hivily damaged, except Faro, which wis protectit bi the sandy banks o Ria Formosa lagoon. Syne then Faro haes been the admeenistrative seat o the region.

Facilities[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety haes a public university (the University o the Algarve), an internaitional airport (Faro airport), a seaport, a marina, a railway station an complete inter-regional bus services.

Its 30,000-seater stadium Estádio Algarve, shared bi the neighborin ceeties o Faro an Loulé, wis ane o the venues o the Euro 2004. Its tennants are Louletano Desportos Clube (a club frae the ceety o Loulé) an Sporting Clube Farense (frae Faro). The stadium is an aa uised tae host concerts, festivals an ither events.

Faro airport is no too far away frae the ceety itsel. In recent years the numbers o visitors travelin through the airport haes increased as mair an mair law-cost airlines compete tae affer cheap flichts tae the Algarve. The transport facilities tae an frae Faro airport wi the centre o Faro include taxicabs an a bus line.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faro haes a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa). Simmers are warm tae hot an sunny wi average daytime temperatures o 27–35 °C (81–95 °F). The Algarve weather in the hairst an winter months is generally mild wi temperatures aroond 8–17 °C (46–63 °F). Faro gets maist o its rainfaw ower the winter months; rain is vera rare atween Juin an September. The annual average temperature is aroond 17 °C (63 °F) - 18 °C (64 °F) an the annual rainfaw is aroond 500 mm (19.69 in). The average sea surface temperature is 15–16 °C (59–61 °F) in Januar risin tae 22–23 °C (72–73 °F) in August.

Climate data for Faro
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 16.1
(61.0)
17.0
(62.6)
18.4
(65.1)
20.0
(68.0)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
29.0
(84.2)
30.0
(86.0)
27.0
(80.6)
23.1
(73.6)
19.4
(66.9)
17.0
(62.6)
22.0
(71.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.4
(63.3)
21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
25.0
(77.0)
22.0
(71.6)
19.0
(66.2)
15.1
(59.2)
13.0
(55.4)
18.0
(64.4)
Average laich °C (°F) 8.0
(46.4)
8.4
(47.1)
9.0
(48.2)
10.4
(50.7)
13.0
(55.4)
16.0
(60.8)
18.0
(64.4)
20.0
(68.0)
17.0
(62.6)
14.3
(57.7)
11.0
(51.8)
9.0
(48.2)
13.0
(55.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 77.8
(3.063)
72.4
(2.85)
39.0
(1.535)
38.4
(1.512)
21.1
(0.831)
7.6
(0.299)
1.4
(0.055)
4.3
(0.169)
14.0
(0.551)
66.6
(2.622)
86.1
(3.39)
94.1
(3.705)
522.8
(20.583)
Avg. precipitation days 12 13 9 10 7 4 1 1 3 9 10 11 90
Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.5 165.2 232.5 252.0 313.1 333.0 368.9 353.4 273.0 226.3 183.0 167.4 3,038.3
Source: World Meteorological Organization (UN),[3] Hong Kong Observatory[4] for data of sunshine hours

Nature[eedit | eedit soorce]

Faro is locatit next tae the Ria Formosa lagoon, a nature reserve o ower 170 square kilometers an a stoppin place for hunders o different species o birds durin the ware an hairst migratory periods. The beach is roughly seiven kilometers frae the ceety, an consists o a lang sandy spit reached through a brig.

Events[eedit | eedit soorce]

Igreja do Carmo

The Faro International Motorcycle Rally is a famous festival, renouned in Europe for being ane o the biggest o its kynd.

The ceety holiday is on 7 September.

The students' festival (Semana Académica da Universidade do Algarve), organized ivery year bi students frae the University of the Algarve, is an' a' an important event in Faro.

Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

Toun twinnin[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Detail Regional Map, Algarve- Southern Portugal, ISBN 3-8297-6235-6
  2. UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004 Nuno Pires Soares, Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal)
  3. "Monthly Averages for Faro, Portugal". 
  4. "Climatological Information for Faro, Portugal"

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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