Emperor Meiji

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Emperor Meiji
明治天皇
Black and white photo of emperor Meiji of Japan.jpg
Emperor o Japan
Reign 3 Februar 1867 –
30 Julie 1912
Enthronement 12 September 1868
Predecessor Kōmei
Successor Taishō
Shoguns Tokugawa Yoshinobu
Prime Meenisters
Spouse Empress Shōken
Issue
Emperor Taishō
Princess Tsune
Princess Kane
Princess Fumi
Princess Yasu
Full name
Mutsuhito (睦仁?)
Hoose Imperial Hoose o Japan
Father Kōmei
Mother Nakayama Yoshiko
Born 3 November 1852(1852-11-03)
Kyoto, Japan
Died 30 Julie 1912(1912-07-30) (agit 59)
Tokyo, Japan
Burial 13 September 1912
Fushimi Momoyama no Misasagi (伏見桃山陵), Kyoto
Signature
Religion Shinto

Emperor Meiji (明治天皇 Meiji-tennō?, 3 November 1852 – 30 July 1912), or Meiji the Great (明治大帝 Meiji-taitei?), wis the 122nt emperor o Japan accordin tae the tradeetional order o succession, reignin frae 3 Februar 1867 till his daith. He presided ower a time o rapid chynge in Japan, as the naition rose frae feudal state tae warld pouer.

His personal name wis Mutsuhito (睦仁?), an although ootside o Japan he is sometimes cried bi this name, in Japan deceased emperors are referred tae anly bi thair posthumous names.

At the time o his birth in 1852, Japan wis an isolated, pre-industrial, feudal kintra dominatit bi the Tokugawa Shogunate an the daimyo, who ruled ower the kintra's mair than 250 decentralized domains. Bi the time o his daith in 1912, Japan haed unnergone a poleetical, social, an industrial revolution at home (See Meiji Restoration) an emerged as ane o the great pouers on the warld stage.

A detailed accoont o the state funeral in the New York Times concludit wi an observation: "The contrast atween that which precedit the funeral caur an that which followe it wis strikin indeed. Afore it went auld Japan; efter it came new Japan."[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9D05E3DB1F3CE633A25750C1A9669D946396D6CF "The Funeral Ceremonies of Meiji Tenno" reprinted from the Japan Advertiser [Article 8—No Title],] New York Times. 13 October 1912.