Emblem o Eritrea

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Emblem of Eritrea (or argent azur).svg

The Emblem o Eritrea wis adoptit on 24 Mey 1993 on the occasion o the declaration o unthridom frae Ethiopie. The emblem mainly depicts a camel surroondit bi a wreath o laurel. Previously, as a colony o the Kinrick o Italy, traditional European heraldry haed been introduced, but bi 1952 the European heraldic traditions wur abandoned as ither emblems wur adoptit tae represent the region.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Eritrea wis first assigned a coat o airms in 1919 as a colony o the Kinrick o Italy. The shield wis pairtit in hauf horizontally, wi the top portion displayin a red lion chairged on his breast wi a white starn an the bottom hauf dividit intae sax wavy bars alternatin blue an white. The red lion represents the Italian Kinrick, lions alludin tae the Italian Keeng who uised the beasts as supporters an red being a common colour associatit wi Italy an an' a' uised bi the rulin Hoose o Savoy. The starn haes lang been a seembol o the Italian fowk, kent as the Stellone d'Italia, which protects and guards the nation. The bottom portion displaying blue an white wavy bars is a common heraldic depiction representin water, an alludes tae the oreegins o the colony's name. Eritrea is derived frae the Latin Erythræa, the name applied tae the Red Sea in antiquity; the colony wis named so for its coastline alang that body o water.[1]

Durin the Fascist regime o Italy, which began in 1926, the airms wur augmentit wi seembols o the new government. A red chief wis addit, which wis chairged wi fasces an laurel wreath. Eritrea wis then absorbed intae the colony o Italian East Africae in 1936, reducin it tae a province o the new an lairger colony. In 1941, when the province wis liberatit an placed unner Breetish administration, the fascist chief wis promptly removed an the oreeginal airms wur again employed. In 1951, the process o annexation bi Ethiopie began, an the airms continued in uise till the follaein year.[1]

Durin the annexation period, frae 1952 tae 1962, an emblem wis adoptit that consistit o a vertical olive branch encircled bi an olive wreath. This emblem is uised still on the naition's flag.[1]

The modren emblem wis adoptit 24 Mey 1993, the date o the declaration o unthirldom frae Ethiopie. It shows a scene o a dromedary camel in the desert, which is surroondit bi an olive wreath. The camel wis the beast o burden uised durin the war o unthrildom frae Ethiopie tae transport supplies an guids, an wis seen as being instrumental tae the movements success an the seembol o the naitionalists.[2] The name o the kintra appears on a scroll towards the bottom o the emblem threefold, in Tigrinya, Inglis an Arabic, the three offeecial leids o the state.[1]

x200px x200px x200px Emblem of Eritrea 1952-1962.svg
The heraldic achievement
of the Italian colony of
Eritrea from 1919 to 1926.
The coat of arms of
colonial and provincial
Eritrea from 1926 to 1941.
The heraldic device of the
British administration of
Eritrea from 1941 to 1952.
The emblem of Eritrea during
Ethiopean annexation from
1952 to 1962.

See an aa[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "National Arms of Eritrea". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 20 September 2009. 
  2. "Eritrean Government". Embassy of The State of Eritrea, Stockholm. Retrieved 7 May 2010.