Druze

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Druze دروز
Druze star.svg
Total population
1,000,000 tae 2,500,000
Regions wi significant populations
Banner o Sirie Sirie 700,000[1]
Banner o Lebanon Lebanon 400,000[1]
Banner o Israel Israel 100,000[1]
Banner o Jordan Jordan 20,000[2]
Ootside the Middle East 100,000
Banner o Unitit States Unitit States 20,000[3]
Banner o Canadae Canadae 10,000
Banner o Venezuela Venezuela 5,000
Banner o Australie Australie 3,000[4]
Banner o Colombie Colombie 3,000
Banner o Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick <1,000
Releegions
Unitarian Druze
Scripturs
Qur'an, Rasa'il al-hikmah (Epistles of Wisdom)
Leids

Arabic
Inglis
Ebreu (in Israel)
French (in Lebanon an Sirie)

Spainyie (in Colombie an Venezuela)

The Druze (Arabic: درزي, derzī or durzī‎, plural دروز, durūz, Ebreu: דרוזיםdruzim) are an esoteric, monotheistic releegious community, foond primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, Israel, an Jordan, which emerged durin the 11t century frae Ismailism. The Druze hae an eclectic set o beliefs that incorporate several elements frae Aubrahamic releegions, Gnosticism, Neoplatonism an ither philosophies. The Druze caw thairsels Ahl al-Tawhid (Fowk o Unitarianism or Monotheism) or al-Muwaḥḥidūn (Unitarians, Monotheists) – the offeecial name o the sect is al-Muwaḥḥidūn al Dururz (The Unitarian Druze).

Location[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Druze fowk reside primarily in Sirie, Lebanon, an Israel.[5] The Israeli Druze are maistly in Galilee (81%), aroond Haifa (19%), an in the Golan Heights,[6] which is hame tae aboot 20,000 Druze.[7] The Institute o Druze Studies estimates that 40%–50% o Druze live in Sirie, 30%–40% in Lebanon, 6%–7% in Israel, an 1%–2% in Jordan.[8][9]

Lairge communities o expatriate Druze an aw live ootside the Middle East in Australie, Canadae, Europe, Laitin Americae, the Unitit States, an Wast Africae. They uise the Arabic leid an follae a social pattern vera similar tae those o the ither fowks o the eastren Mediterranean region.[10]

The number o Druze fowk warldwide exceeds ane million, wi the vast majority residin in the Levant or East Mediterranean.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Economist 390 (8618–8624). Economist Newspaper Ltd. 2009. p. 49. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  2. US State Department International Religious Freedom Report 2005
  3. Institute of Druze Studies - Druze Traditions
  4. "Druze Population of Australia by Place of Usual Residence (2006)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  5. Druze
  6. "Press Release: The Druze Population of Israel" (DOC). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2009-04-23.  (Ebreu)
  7. Jordanian Druze can be foond in Amman an Zarka; aboot 50% live in the toun o Azraq, an a smawer number in Irbid an Aqaba. "Localities and Population, by District, Sub-District, Religion and Population Group" (PDF). Statistical Abstract of Palestine 2006. Palestine Central Bureau of Statistics. 
  8. Institute of Druze Studies: Druzes
  9. Dana, Nissim (2003). The Druze in the Middle East: Their Faith, Leadership, Identity and Status. Sussex University Press. p. 99. ISBN 1903900360. 
  10. Rabah Halabi, Citizens of equal duties—Druze identity and the Jewish State, p. 55 (Ebreu)