Destricts o Libie

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There are twinty-twa destricts o Libie, kent bi the term shabiyah (Arabic singular شعبية šaʿbiyya, plural šaʿbiyyāt). In the 1990s these replaced the aulder baladiyat seestem.

Historically the aurie o Libie wis considered three provinces (or states), Tripolitanie in the northwast, Cyrenaica in the east, an Fezzan in the soothwast. It wis the conquest bi Italy in the Italo-Turkis War that unitit them in a single poleetical unit. Unner the Italians, Libie wis eventually dividit intae fower provinces an ane territory: Tripoli, Misrata, Benghazi, Derna, (in the north) an the Territory o the Libian Sahara (in the sooth).[1] Efter the French an Breetish occupee'd Libie in 1943, it wis again split intae three provinces: Tripolitanie in the northwast, Cyrenaica in the east, an Fezzan-Ghadames in the soothwast.[2]

Airticle 176 o the constitution o Libie statit "The Kinrick o Libie shall be dividit intae admeenistrative units in conformity wi the law tae be promulgatit in this connection. Local an regional cooncils mey be formed in the Kinrick. The extend o these units shall be determined bi law which shall likewise organize these Cooncils." in exact quote.

Efter unthirldom (1951), Libie wis dividit intae three govrenorates (muhafazat), matchin the three provinces o afore, but in 1963 it wis dividit intae ten govrenorates. In 1983 a new seestem wis introduced dividin the kintra intae fowerty-sax destricts (baladiyat). In 1987 this wis reduced tae twinty-five destricts.

On 2 August 1995, Libie reorganized intae thirteen destricts (shabiyat). In 1998 this wis increased tae 26 shabiyat destricts. In 2001 it wis increased tae thirty-twa destricts plus three admeenistrative regions. Feenally in 2007 tae wis reduced tae twinty-twa destricts.

Shabiyat[eedit | eedit soorce]

Shabiyah (Arabic: شعبيةšaʿbiyya, plural: شعبيات šaʿbiyyāt) is a neologism exclusive tae Libie unner Gaddafi, in line wi exclusive terms for republic (jamahiriya), meenistry (amanah) an embassy (fowk-bureau). The term basically means a destrict, that is, a top level admeenistrative diveesion. Etymologically, it is an adjective meanin "o or pertainin tae the foek, popular".

22 shabiyat (2007)[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 2007 the current twinty-twa shabiyah replaced the aulder thirty-twa shabiyah[3][4][5].

The current leet is as follaein:

The current twintie-twa shabiyat seestem in Libie (syne 2007)
شعبية Scots Pop (2006)[6] Number
(on map)
البطنان Al Butnan 159,536 1
درنة Darnah 163,351 2
الجبل الاخضر Al Jabal al Akhdar 203,156 3
المرج Al Marj 185,848 4
بنغازي Benghazi 670,797 5
الواحات Al Wahat 177,047 6
الكفرة Al Kufrah 50,104 7
سرت Sirte 141,378 8
مرزق Murzuq 78,621 22
سبها Sabha 134,162 19
وادي الحياة Wadi Al Hayaa 76,858 20
مصراتة Misrata 550,938 9
المرقب Al Murgub 432,202 10
طرابلس Tarabulus 1,065,405 11
الجفارة Al Jfara 453,198 12
الزاوية Az Zawiyah 290,993 13
النقاط الخمس An Nuqat al Khams 287,662 14
الجبل الغربي Al Jabal al Gharbi 304,159 15
نالوت Nalut 93,224 16
غات Ghat 23,518 21
الجفرة Al Jufrah 52,342 17
وادي الشاطئ Wadi Al Shatii 78,532 18

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Pan, Chia-Lin (1949) "The Population of Libya" Population Studies, 3(1): pp. 100-125, p. 104
  2. "Map of Libya 1943-1951" Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien
  3. شعبيات الجماهيرية العظمى– Sha'biyat of Great Jamahiriya, accessed 10 May 2009, in Arabic
  4. :"Libya population statistics" (in , English, Arabic). Geohive. Retrieved 30 October 2009. 
  5. "Districts of Libya". Statoids.com. Retrieved 7 November 2010. 
  6. Libyan General Information Authority accessed 22 July 2009