Denizli

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This article is aboot the ceety. For ither uisses, see Denizli (disambiguation).
Denizli
Denizli Municipality Ceety Haw in the toun center o Denizli
Denizli is located in Turkey
Denizli
Denizli
Location o Denizli
Coordinates: 37°46′N 29°05′E / 37.767°N 29.083°E / 37.767; 29.083
Kintra Banner o Turkey Turkey
Region Aegean Region
Province Denizli Province
Government
 • Mayor Osman Zolan (Juistice an Development Pairty)
Elevation 354 m (1,161 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 511,751
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 20x xx
Area code(s) (0090) 258
Licence plate 20
Website www.denizli.gov.tr

Denizli is a industrial ceety in the soothwastren pairt o Turkey an the eastren end o the alluvial valley formit bi the river Büyük Menderes, whaur the plain reaches an elevation o aboot a hunder meters. Denizli is locatit in the kintra's Aegean Region.

The ceety haes a population o aboot 511,751 (2011 census). It jumpit frae 389,000 in 2007, due tae the merger o 13 municipalities an 10 veelages. The aurie o Denizli haes increased amaist five times an the population increase become aroond 50 percent. Denizli is the caipital ceety o Denizli Province.

Denizli haes achievit a remarkable economic development in the last decades based notably on textile production an exports.[1] Haein become a vibrant centre o manufacturin focused on exportation, Denizli is frequently citit, alang wi a number o ither Turkis ceeties, as ane o the foremaist examples o "Anatolie Teegers" in reference tae its rapid pace o development.[2]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety wis umwhile kent as Denizli Ladik, that is, "Laodicaea on the sea/loch", but the toun is no on the coast.

The name mutatit throu several spellins an mey hae referred tae the abundance o unnergrund watter sources or the ceety's location on the wey tae wastren Turkey's lochs region nearbi.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

The aurie haes been occupeed syne prehistoric times, thare wur important ancient Greek an Roman touns nearbi, (Hierapolis an Laodicea on the Lycus), which persistit throu the Byzantine period.

The ceety wis foondit in its current location efter the aurie haes been settled bi the Turks. The inhabitants o Laodicea wur resettled here in the Seljuk period.[3]

In the 17t century, the Turkis traveler Evliya Çelebi visitit Denizli an recordit the toun as follaes: "The ceety is cried (Denizli) (which means seaside in Turkis) as thare are several rivers an lochs aroond it. In fact it is a fower-day trip frae the sea. Its fortress is o square shape built on flat grund. It haes nae ditches. Its periphery is 470 steps lang. It haes fower gates. These are: penters gate in North, saddle-makers gate in the East, new Mosque gate in the Sooth, an vineyard gate in the Wast. Thare are some fifty airmit watchmen in the fortress, an they attend the shop. The main ceety is ootside the fortress wi 44 destricts an 3600 hooses. Thare are 57 smaw an lairge mosques an destrict masjids, 7 madrasahs, 7 childer's schuils, 6 baths an 17 dervish lodges. As iverybody lives in vineyards the upper clesses an ordinar fowk dae no flee frae each ither."

The ceety livit in peace for centuries without being involved in wars in a direct manner. Follaein Warld War I durin the Unthirldom War, the Greek forces managit tae come as close as Sarayköy, a smaw toun 20 km (12 mi) northwast o Denizli, but did no venture intae Denizli whaur resistance wis bein prepared.

Climate[eedit | eedit soorce]

Denizli is locatit in Aegean Region o Turkey, but the climate is no uniform neither in Aegean Region nor in the Province o Denizli. A terrestrial climate mey be felt in the centre o the province, acause the aurie is like a pathwey frae the seaside tae inland auries. The inland auries, like Çardak, Bozkurt, Çivril, an Çal destricts/coonties o the Province are ceuler an hae a heicher elevation than the seaside, Wastren Pairt o the Province. Tharefore thare are climatic differences athin the Province an even in the Denizli urbanizit aurie. The laund is open tae winds comin frae the Aegean Sea acause the muntains are perpendicular tae the sea. Winters are rainy or sometimes snawy, but generally mild.[4]

Climate data for Denizli
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record heich °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
25.9
(78.6)
30.8
(87.4)
35.8
(96.4)
37.0
(98.6)
42.4
(108.3)
43.9
(111.0)
44.4
(111.9)
41.6
(106.9)
34.4
(93.9)
29.3
(84.7)
25.1
(77.2)
44.4
(111.9)
Average heich °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
11.9
(53.4)
15.9
(60.6)
20.6
(69.1)
26.4
(79.5)
31.5
(88.7)
34.6
(94.3)
34.4
(93.9)
29.9
(85.8)
23.8
(74.8)
16.9
(62.4)
11.9
(53.4)
22.37
(72.26)
Average laich °C (°F) 2.3
(36.1)
2.8
(37.0)
5.2
(41.4)
9.2
(48.6)
13.4
(56.1)
17.7
(63.9)
20.5
(68.9)
20.1
(68.2)
16.0
(60.8)
11.6
(52.9)
6.9
(44.4)
4.0
(39.2)
10.81
(51.45)
Record laich °C (°F) −9.3
(15.3)
−10.5
(13.1)
−7
(19.4)
−2
(28.4)
2.7
(36.9)
7.9
(46.2)
13.1
(55.6)
12.0
(53.6)
7.5
(45.5)
0.4
(32.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 80.4
(3.165)
73.1
(2.878)
65.1
(2.563)
57.4
(2.26)
39.0
(1.535)
24.6
(0.969)
19.6
(0.772)
9.8
(0.386)
14.8
(0.583)
35.0
(1.378)
65.5
(2.579)
85.4
(3.362)
569.7
(22.429)
Avg. rainy days 9 8 9 10 5 3 1 1 2 4 7 9 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 114.7 120.4 176.7 204 282.1 336 365.8 341 276 204.6 141 102.3 2,664.6
Source no. 1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü[5]
Source no. 2: Weather2[6]

Denizli the day[eedit | eedit soorce]

A auld hoose/restaurant in Denizli

Aside its visitor's attractions, the ceety o Denizli is kent for its textile industry (a outlet shopping for cut-price clothin), for connectit fields o activity such as the dye industry, an for its famous roosters. The sayin goes that Denizli is kent for 'kız', 'toz' an 'horoz'; respectively, the girls, the dust an the roosters. Resourceful in catchy phraseologies evolvin frae the fowk cultur, the region affirms itsel bi sayin "Denizli'nin horozları bellidir" (the roosters o Denizli mak thairsels kent).

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Durin Warld War I, Denizli mined chromium.[7]

The textile industry in Denizli grew rapidly in the 1980s an 1990s makkin itsel a place in the domestic mercat an for exports. Touels an bathrobes an ither hame textiles are products associatit wi Denizli in pairticular emphasis. Thus, Denizli grew rapidly in the last decades, raisin a nummer o vera rich businessmen, some reasonable to very good restaurants, notably ane renouned athort Turkey for servin anerly mushrooms in different varieties (Mantar Restaurant), an the leuk an the amenities o a modren ceety. The biggest firms in the ceety include Değirmenci an Funika (especially for bathrobes).

Denizli, Turkey

Lifestyle[eedit | eedit soorce]

The ceety is quite smart wi trees alang the main avenues an views o the surroondin muntains frae mony locations. As Denizli haes prospered in the 1990s, new compoonds o luxury villas hae sprung up on the ceety's ootskirts in auries like Çamlık.

In the ceety itsel, air pollution frae coal-fired central-heatin become a problem in Winter. Housomeivver, wi the quickly expandin netwirk an extensive uisage o natural gas, air pollution problem haes declined greatly in the elevatit pairts o the ceety, especially whaur anerly natural gas are uised for heatin.

There are some heichly regardit heich schuils such as Denizli Lütfi Ege Anadolu Öğretmen Lisesi, Denizli Anadolu Lisesi, an Denizli Erbakır Fen Lisesi.

Pamukkale Varsity opened in the 1990s, nou in phase o academic maturin wi mair than 28,000 students. Mony young fowk still leave tae go tae varsity in İzmir, Ankara or Istanbul, an sometimes stay thare tae build careers.

Cultur an enterteenment[eedit | eedit soorce]

Thare are lairge shops, bars an cafes, even some live muisic, awtho this is a ceety that grew recently an is locatit deep in the kintraside. The presence o Pamukkale Varsity impruives the cultural amenities o the ceety.

The region's inhabitants hae been influencit bi the production o grapes an the wine syne centuries an a joyful cultur is present in Denizli, awtho it is coupled wi haurd wirkin an creative thinkin, reflectit in a apparent conservatism. For example, it is sometimes difficult tae get a license tae sell alcohol.

On the ither haund, the new walth in Denizli haes been hintle mair rapid than mony ither places in Turkey in investin in developin a urban cultur. Mony private clubs an associations are openin up includin: The society for the Protection o the Environs an History o Denizli; The Poets an Poetry Luvers Association; the Pizza Appreciation Group an the Jazz-rock Local. Thare is a annual amateur theater festival, attendit bi groups frae Turkey an owerseas. Denizli haes the seicont-lairgest nummer o rankin chess-players in Turkey, efter Istanbul. An aw, inspired bi the unuisually heich reports o UFO sichtins in the region ower the years, ane o the warld's haundful o museums dedicatit tae ufology wis recently opened in Denizli.

Gazi Mustafa Kemal Elementar Schuil

Fuid an drink[eedit | eedit soorce]

The wines o the Pamukkale winery are maistly made frae tradeetional Turkis grapes such as Tokat, Narince an Çalkarası, awtho nou they are plantin Shiraz in the aurie an aw. They also make a well-known cherry wine. The Denizli kebab is roast lamb served on flat bread. Zafer Gazozu is a locally produced fizzy fruity flavored soda.

Transportation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Denizli Çardak Airport is aboot 45 minutes drive frae the ceety centre.

The extension o İzmir-Aydın heich-gate tae Denizli remains annooncit syne years. Initial infrastructur is laid in Aydın, but the rest is yet tae come an the present Aydın-Denizli road, awtho straight an flat, haes a vera heich level o traffic, especially larries, wi each toun alang the road possessin its awn industrial zone.

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Laodicea ad Lycum - 6 km (4 mi) north o Denizli near the veelage o Eskihisar. The ceety wis established bi Seleucid Keeng, Antiochus II in honor o his wife, Laodice. This tradin ceety wis famous for its woolen an cotton cloths. A letter written bi a Laodecie says: "A am happy. A hae fortune an A am no in need o onything." Follaein a lairge yirdquauk which destroyed the ceety, wha remains o the auncient ceety are ane o the seiven kirks o Asie Minor, the stadium, the amphitheatre an the odeon, the cistern an the aqueduct. (see further Laodicean Kirk)
  • Hierapolis an Pamukkale Warld Heritage Steids -20 km (12 mi) north o Denizli Pamukkale traventines. The ceety o Hierapolis wis foondit bi the Pergamon Keeng Eumenes II in 190 BC. Its closeness tae Laodicea led tae commercial an militar rivalry. The toun wis built in Greek style. Despite sufferin a violent yirdquauk in 17 AD, it reached its peak durin the Roman an Byzantine periods. It wis reconstructit durin the 2nt an 3rd centuries in stane frae quarries in the aurie, in a Roman style. The toun haed its maist glorious years durin the reign o Roman Emperors Septimius Severus an Caracalla an became a episcopal seat durin the expansion o Christianity. Housomeivver, as a result o several yirdquauks, the maist violent o which wis in 1354, a great pairt o the toun wis destroyed, an its fowk migratit.
  • The Seljuq caravanserai Akhan, which is 6 km (4 mi) frae Denizli on the Ankara heich-gate, an a great pairt o which still remains, wis constructit bi Karasungur bin Abdullah in 1253-54 when he wis actin as the commander o Ladik. It wis recently restored alang wi the Ottoman konaks nearbi an is set tae become a visitor's attraction bi its awn richt.
  • Honaz muntain is a popular picnic excursion for Denizli's fowk in simmer.
  • The nearbi veelage o Goncalı, which is on the railwey line, is anither excursion. Fowk come tae eat the charcoal-grilled thinly-cut kebab cried çöp şiş, preferably wi the local süzme yoghurt an a glass o rakı.
  • Thare is a statue o Atatürk at Çınar Meydanı in the ceety centre.
  • Servergazi turbesi is locatit close tae the Yenişehir neebourheid. The tomb o the 12t century Turkis commander o the Seljuk akinci unit is locatit thare. Mony locals enjoy visitin an makkin prayers at the tomb especially on weekends.
  • Teraspark Shopping an Lifestyle Centre, Teraspark AVM, locatit in the yenişehir. Teraspark AVM is biggest shoppin centre in Denizli.
  • Forum Çamlık Shoppin an Lifestyle Center, Forum Çamlık AVM, locatit in the hert o the ceety centre, Demokrasi Meydanı/Square an surroondit bi residential auries, walcomes mair than 450,000 fowk athin a catchment aurie o 20 minutes. The design o Forum Çamlık wis inspired bi the rich architectural elements that are unique tae Province o Denizli. Local stanes like Denizli travertine an marble are uised for the claddin o mony biggins. The visitors will enjoy a detailed airtwirk, smaw ponds, squares an rich landscapin featurs. Gien its wide range o shop mix an enterteenment facilities, includin theatres/cinemas, the centre became a vera important destination for visitors in Denizli an neebourin ceeties.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns — sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Denizli is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Bernard Fingleton, Ayda Eraydın, Raffaele Paci, Bilge Armatlı Köroğlu, Burak Beyhan p. 229 (2003). Regional Economic Growth, SMEs and the Wider Europe ISBN 0-7546-3613-5, Chapter 11: The changing role of SMEs in the regional growth process: The case of Denizli. Ashgate Publishing. 
  2. Hüseyin Özgür, Pamukkale University. 18th European Advanced Studies Institute in Regional Science "Integration of a Local Economy to the Global and European Markets through Export–Led Growth and Specialized Textile Products Export: Home Textile Production in Denizli – Turkey". University of Lodz. Retrieved 2007-04-18. 
  3. John Freely, The western shores of Turkey: discovering the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts, 2004. ISBN 1-85043-618-5. p. 182.
  4. The Tourism Directorate of Denizli Official Web Site "Climate of Denizli – Turkey". Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  5. "İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü". Dmi.gov.tr. 1967-12-13. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  6. "August Climate History for Denizli | Local | Turkey". Myweather2.com. Retrieved 2013-09-01. 
  7. Prothero, G.W. (1920). Anatolia. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 104. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]