Deir al-Asad

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Deir al-Asad
דייר אל-אסד
دير الأسد
Local cooncil
View of Deir al-Asad, Carisa Lea, 2007
Kintra Israel
Destrict North
Area
 • Total 4,756 dunams (4.8 km2 or 1.9 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 • Total 8,400
Time zone IST (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) IDT (UTC+3)

Deir al-Asad (Arabic: دير الأسد‎) is a veelage in the Galilee region o Israel, 49 kilometers frae Haifa. It is locatit abuin al-Araas muntain. Aw the residents are Muslims. The number o the residents in 2003 wis approximately 8,400.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Deir al-Asad's name literally means "the lion's monastery" in Arabic.[1] In the late 19t century, it wis describit as a veelage o 600 Muslims, containin a few ruins. It wis surroondit bi olive-trees an arable land, wi a spring nearby.[2]

The toun is maistly populatit bi the Asadi an Dabbah faimilies. Accordin tae the 1931 Breetish census, Deir al-Asad haed 858 Muslim residents livin in 179 hooses.[3] Bi 1945, Deir el Asad haed 1,100 inhabitants, aw classifee'd as Arabs. They awned a total o 8,366 dunams o land, while 7 dunams wur public.[4]

Palestinian naitional poet Mahmoud Darwish wis educatit in the veelage. The veelage providit sanctuary tae Uri Davis for a year while he wis evadin airmy service.

Afore 1962 the veelage o Deir al-Asad wis self-sufficient in fuid. It producit enough meat, fruit, wheat an vegetables for itsel an sauld the surplus in Acre or Nazareth. In 1962 its land in the Majd al-Kurum valley was confiscated for the Carmiel toun project, and the village was thereby stripped of its most fertile acres. Anerlie the hill land tae the north, consistin mainly o olive groves, remained. In ane blow the economy o Deir al-Asad wis ruined. The day anerlie 10% o the labour force can wirk on the land, ower 80% hae tae commute daily tae the factories o Haifa or wirk as labourers on Jewish ferms.[5][6]

In 2003, the municipality o Deir al-Asad mergit wi Majd al-Krum an Bi'ina tae form the ceety o Shaghur. Housomeivver, it wis reinstatit in 2008 efter Shaghur wis dissolvit.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Palmer, 1881, p. p.42
  2. Conder an Kitchener, 1881, SWP, p. 150
  3. E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine. pp. 100–101. 
  4. Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p. 40.
  5. Gilmour, 1983, p. 108.
  6. Amun, Davis, and San´allah, 1977, pp. 4–5.

Bibliography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Israeli municipality merger o 2003