David Ben-Gurion (help·info) (Ebreu: דָּוִד בֶּן-גּוּרִיּוֹן, born David Grün on 16 October 1886, dee'd 1 December 1973) wis the first Prime Meenister o Israel an a Zionist leader. Ben-Gurion's passion for Zionism, which began early in life, culminatit in his instrumental role in the foondin o the state o Israel. Efter leadin Israel tae victory in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Ben-Gurion helped big the state institutions an owersaw the absorption o vast numbers o Jews frae aw ower the warld. Upon retirin frae poleetical life in 1970, he muived tae Sde Boker, a kibbutz in the Negev desert, whaur he bided till his daith. Posthumously, Ben-Gurion wis named ane o Time Magazine's 100 Most Important Fowk o the 20t Century.